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Full text of "Annual Report of the Adjutant General, year ending December 31, 1908"

State Library 



OF 



MASSACHUSETTS. 



A. 



Return as Soon as Used. 



ma 



Public Document 



No. 7 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF 



The Adjutant General 



OF 



®f}£ ffinmmnnui^altlf nf iHaaaarljuarttB 



FOR THE 



Year ending December 31, 1908. 







g ' • ( i 



BOSTON: 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 

1909. 



£> 



OCT 29 1909 

STATE HOUSE, BOSTON 



Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



"« . . » " 4 « ' • i. '.' I • _ 



h 

ANNUAL REPORT. 



The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, December 30, 1908. 

His Excellency Curtis Guild, Jr., Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit my report on the con- 
dition of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia for the year 
1908. 

There have been no disbandments during the year. Under 
chapter 604, Acts of 1908, an engineer division in the Naval 
Brigade has been organized, with an enlisted strength of 
56. Under chapter 604, section 21, Acts of 1908, a Naval 
Bureau has been organized, consisting of one captain (naval 
rank) and two commanders (naval rank), one of whom is 
an engineer officer. The Naval Bureau is the staff depart- 
ment for the administration of Naval Militia affairs, and 
performs for the Naval Militia all the functions which are 
performed for the National Guard by the Inspector General's 
Department, the Subsistence and Pay Departments. The 
Naval Bureau is the regular channel of communication 
between the Naval Brigade and the Adjutant General's and 
other staff departments. The Bureau is well organized, and 
giving excellent satisfaction to this department. 

After a year's work under the reorganization of the militia 
under chapter 356 of the Acts of 1907, we are able to judge 
the benefits derived therefrom and to locate any weak spots 
in the system adopted. I am pleased to express it as my 
opinion that it has been a great improvement to the militia ; 
and, as a whole, the forces of the Commonwealth were never 
in a more efficient condition than to-day, not only in per- 
sonnel and equipment, but in military information and a 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



keen desire of the officers and men to perfect themselves in 
the duty of the soldier. 

The authorized strength of the National Guard and Naval 
Militia of Massachusetts is as follows : — 





Officers. 


Enlisted 
Men. 


Total. 


Staff of the Commander-in-Chief (ex : 
eluding details), .... 

Adjutant General's Department, 

Inspector General's Department, . 

Judge Advocate General's Department, . 

Quartermaster's Department, 

Subsistence Department, 

Pay Department, ..... 

Medical Department, .... 

Ordnance Department, .... 

Corps of Engineers, .... 

Coast Artillery Corps headquarters, 

Coast Artillery Corps band, . 

Coast Artillery Corps, twelve companies, 
3 + 63, 

First and Second Brigade headquarters, 

Five regimental headquarters, 

Five regimental bands, 28, . . 

Sixty companies of infantry, 3 — f— 66, 

One squadron headquarters, . 

Four troops cavalry, 3 -|- 65, 

Field Artillery headquarters, 

Three batteries of 5 + 133, . 

First and Second Corps Cadets, 

Signal Corps, ..... 

Naval Bureau, ..... 

Naval Brigade, ..... 

Naval Brigade band, .... 


6 
3 
8 
3 
6 
3 

11 
33 
13 
2 
15 

36 

6 

75 

180 
4 

12 
4 

15 

32 
4 
3 

40 


6 
3 

166 
1 

25 

28 

756 

40 

140 

3,600 

1 

260 

2 

399 

642 

58 

511 
24 


6 

3 

8 

3 
12 

6 

11 

199 

14 

2 

' 40 

28 

792 

6 

115 

140 

3,780 

5 

272 

6 

414 

674 

62 

3 

551 

24 


Total, 


514 


6,662 


7,176 



This allows for a maximum strength of 6 officers on staff 
of the Commander-in-Chief and 6,598 officers and enlisted 
men in National Guard ; 578 officers and men in Naval 
Militia; and 180 National Guard and 17 Naval Militia 
officers on the retired list. 

All the units of the National Guard are now properly 
organized according to the requirements of the United States 
law, excepting the First Squadron Cavalry, which is short one 
troop. Under an agreement with the War Department it 
will not be necessary to organize a new troop until 1910. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 5 

The Quartermaster's Department is being administered in 
an efficient manner. It is well organized, and has had a very 
busy year. 

Equipments and Uniforms. 

The U. S. magazine rifle, cal. .30", model 1903, has been 
issued to all infantry and cavalry organizations, the old Krags 
being returned to the State arsenal. The Naval Militia is 
still armed with the Krag rifle, owing to the fact that the 
Navy Department has not adopted the new model 1903, cal. 
.30". 

New full-dress uniforms have been issued, and all the or- 
ganizations have been supplied with the aigrettes and pom- 
pons, the distinguishing colors selected by the different 
organizations being as follows : Coast Artillery Corps, red ; 
Second Infantry, blue; Fifth Infantry, white; Sixth In- 
fantry, yellow; Eighth Infantry, buff; Ninth Infantry, 
green. 

It is my intention to require from the general government, 
under the appropriation made by Congress, for the olive-drab 
uniforms and overcoats, also for two .22 cal. rifles for gallery 
practice for each company. 

The three field batteries are now fully equipped with the 
new six section 3" guns and are in excellent condition. The 
old 3.2" guns are still stored at the State arsenal. A bill was 
introduced in Congress by Congressman Weeks, at the request 
of my predecessor, authorizing the War Department to take 
the guns back, crediting to the State's allotment the purchase 
price of $42,423.21, but no favorable action has yet been 
taken. 

Government returns for 1907 have been made and allowed. 

Armories. 
Lieut. Col. Edward Glines, Deputy Quartermaster General, 
has had exclusive supervision of our armories, and has put 
the administration of same on a business basis that has been 
a benefit to the State. Methods of economy in reference to 
light, heat, water and telephone charges are under considera- 
tion, that I expect will further reduce the expense of main- 
taining the armories of the Commonwealth. 



6 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Under the armory act of 1907 the State has armories as 
follows : — 

Two regimental armories, in Boston; twelve battalion ar- 
mories, located in Cambridge, Somerville, Lynn, Worcester, 
Lowell, Lawrence, Springfield, Fall River, New Bedford, 
Fitehburg, Charlestown and Salem; nine single-company ar- 
mories, located in Haverhill, Gloucester, Marlborough, Hol- 
yoke, Brockton, Maiden, Waltham, Pittsfield and South 
Framingham. The location of the second and third class 
armories is as follows : eleven second-class armories, in Boston 
(Cadet armory), Charlestown, Clinton, Concord, Everett, 
Newton, Northampton, Taunton, Wakefield and Plymouth; 
fourteen third-class armories, in Adams, Attleborough, Bos- 
ton (No. 120 Tremont Street), Boston (Bulfinch Street), 
Boston (No. 2185 Washington Street), Boston (Irvington 
Street), Greenfield, Hingham, Hudson, Medford, Milford, 
Natick and Stoneham. 

The value of the armories, as shown by the books of the 
treasury department, that have been taken over or constructed 
by the State, is $3,051,500. 

In addition to the above, the Armory Commission are con- 
structing a new armory in Chelsea, to replace the one de- 
stroyed by fire on April 12, 1908. 

In accordance with the law passed by the Legislature of 
1907, an additional flag staff has been placed on every armory 
owned by the State, at a cost of $2,722, and by executive 
order the National and State flags are displayed on all ar- 
mories every day. 

Extensive repairs and alterations have been made in the 
armories of Gloucester, Haverhill, Springfield, Fitehburg, 
East armory, Boston and Lowell. Indoor rifle ranges have 
been installed in armories at Cambridge, Haverhill and 
Gloucester; and those of South and East armories, Boston, 
and Lowell, repaired. 

The average yearly cost of care and maintenance, exclusive 
of salaries, is as follows : — 

Regimental armories, $6,125 00 

Battalion armories, ...... 3,673 83 

Company armories, 3,209 59 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 7 

Camp Ground. 

No repairs of any magnitude have been made on the build- 
ings ; some of them are in need of it, but until it is definitely 
determined just what use will be required in the future, it 
was not thought advisable to spend much money on them. 

The spring hole in rear of the brigade guard house has 
been filled in, giving more land for drill purposes ; the swamp 
cleared of brush and trees, and a lot of grading done. A 
new storehouse has been erected for the use of the Naval 
Militia, and a small shop for machine and carpenter work. 
Necessary repairs have been made in the superintendent's 
house. An electric spur track, costing $1,000, has been con- 
structed from Concord Street to the rear of the arsenal, and 
storehouses for use in case of emergency and the transporta- 
tion of camp equipment to places other than the State camp 
ground. This will mean a very material reduction in expense- 
There were 1,889 shipments made by freight and express, 
from the arsenal during 'the year, the total tonnage in and 
out amounting to 588 tons. 

Owing to the criticism from the Medical and Inspector 
General's Departments about the sanitary conditions at the 
camp ground, and particularly in reference to the sinks and 
cook houses, I appointed a board of officers, consisting of 
the Quartermaster General, Inspector General and Surgeon 
General, to investigate the matter and report to this office. 
Their report has not yet been received. 

In my opinion, the hill in rear of the camp ground should 
be cut down and the material used in filling up the swamp ; 
remove some of the old stables ; build new kitchens, placing 
them quite a distance back of. the present line ; move mess 
halls ; and install a system of McCall incinerators. If these 
changes were made, I believe the camp ground suitable for 
regimental camps for many years to come. 

Inasmuch as the probable policy of the War Department 
will be to hold joint maneuver camps every other year, or at 
least every three years, I believe the infantry organizations 
can put in as profitable a tour of duty there as in any other 
part of the Commonwealth. 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Enrolled Militia. 

The enrolled militia in 1908 was . . . . 522,825 
The enrolled militia in 1907 Avas .... 516,446 



Increase for 1908 was 6,379 

The Service School, M. V. M. 

The work of the Service School has made very satisfactory 
progress during the year. The increased appropriation has 
made it possible to hold examinations of student officers in 
Boston, Worcester and Springfield, and has proved of material 
benefit. 

Capt. Robert C. Davis, IT. S. A., the advisory instructor, 
and Lieut. W. S. Simmons, the secretary, have worked faith- 
fully for the welfare of the school, and are to be commended 
for their efforts. 

The militarv authorities of several States have written for 
details of our work, preparatory to establishing similar 
schools. The following extract from a letter received from 
Lieut. Col. Weaver, Chief of the Division of Militia Affairs, 
shows the attitude of the War Department in reference to 
the school : — 

I am instructed by the Assistant Secretary of War to express the 
satisfaction of the department with the excellent work that is being- 
done in the Service School of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
and to say that the department is disposed to assist such work in 
every way possible under the law. In accordance with request that 
has been made, the list of officers will be recorded in the files of 
this office, and the fact of the officers having qualified in the courses 
of instruction for the year. Names will be entered on the individual 
efficiency cards of the officers of the organized militia which are kept 
in this office. 

Very respectfully, 

E. M. Weaver, 
Lieutenant Colonel, General Staff Corps, Chief of Division. 

Tours of Duty. 

The tours of camp duty have been as follows: The Coast 
Artillery Corps and the Ninth Regiment of Infantry joined 
with the regular forces in joint maneuvers in the Artillery 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 9 

District of Boston. The First Brigade, consisting of the 
Second, Sixth and Eighth regiments of infantry, the latter 
having been detached from the Second Brigade for this duty, 
were in joint maneuvers with regulars and National Guard 
of other States at White Plains, N. Y., as was also the First 
Corps Cadets, the War Department paying transportation, 
and the State, regular State pay and subsistence. 

The Second Brigade, consisting of the Fifth Regiment of 
Infantry, Signal Corps and the Ambulance Company Section 
of the Hospital Corps, at South Framingham; the Second 
Corps Cadets, at Boxford; and the Naval Brigade on the 
United States ships " Yankee," " Gloucester " and " Inca ; ' : 
the First Squadron Cavalry, at Framingham; Battery A at 
Sandwich and batteries B and C at South Framingham. De- 
tails of these tours of duty will be found in the reports of 
the commanding officers of the several organizations, hereto 
annexed. 

Rifle Practice. 

The Acting Chief of Ordnance reports very satisfactory 
progress in small arms practice. There were 750,000 rounds 
of rifle ammunition and 200,000 rounds of revolver ammuni- 
tion drawn from the War Department and charged to the 
allotment. The teams in the National and State matches 
performed excellent work. In the State match the average 
scores were much higher than in previous years. For details 
of the work with the rifle and revolver, I respectfully refer 
you to the report of the chief of the department. 

Pay Department. 

The Pay Department is well organized, and its work sys- 
tematized in a most excellent manner. The Acting Pay- 
master General hires a clerk to assist him, at his own expense. 
This is a charge which should be paid by the Commonwealth, 
but as there is no authority for same, Colonel Hayden has 
signified his willingness to continue the practice. 

The details and routine of this office have increased mate- 
rially the past year, owing to the requirements of the service 
and to the several changes in the law. The following is a 
summary of the work performed : — 



10 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Letters received, 

Letters sent, 

Received and issued General Orders, War Depart 
ment, ......... 

Received and issued General Orders, A. G. 0., 

Special Orders, A. G. 0., 214, average 7 each, 

Discharges, 

Endorsements, 

Miscellaneous packages, 

Issued rosters, . 

Officers commissioned, 

Officers discharged, . 

Officers retired, 

Spanish war cards, . 

Certificates of service, 

Muster-in rolls, 

Service medals, 

Service bars, . 

Service-in-war bars, 

Issued militia law, . 

Adjutant General's reports 



6,306 
13,939 

39,715 

20,000 

1,498 

2,342 

1,984 

475 

1,000 

138 

43 

30 

7,178 

3,046 

3,750 

170 

46 

27 

730 

600 



The work of preserving the war records by the Emery 
process has been continued under the immediate supervision 
of the custodian of the archives, by authority of an appro- 
priation of $1,500 and unexpended balance, by chapter 60, 
Resolves of the Legislature, approved April 8, 1908. 

Preservation of War Records. 
Collating, examining, repairing, placing in order and bind- 
ing in book form various documents and loose papers : — 



5. 

6. 

7. 
8. 



Enlistments and elective rolls for bounty, Ordnance Corps. 
United States Artillery, descriptive and elective rolls. 
Infantry regiments, First to Nineteenth, descriptive and 

elective rolls. 
Washington, D. C, enlistments. 2 vols., according to bounty 

numbers. 
Regular army enlistments, cavalry and general service. 
Regular army enlistments, by bounty numbers. 5 vols. 
Enlistments and elective rolls, United States Marine Corps. 
Enlistments and elective rolls in other States, credited to 

Massachusetts. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 11 

9. Naval enlistments by Provost Marshal Districts, 1 to 10, and 
rendezvous. 

10. Certificates of naval enlistments. Ship's company, " Ohio," 

and Confederate deserters. 

11. Transfers from army to navy. 

12. Enlistments in U. S. C. T. and other States, by bounty 

numbers. 9 vols. 
12a. Elective rolls, by bounty numbers, Nashville, Tenn., Hilton 
Head, S. C, Vicksburg. 

13. Naval enlistments. 2 vols. 

14. Naval enlistments, by cities and towns. 3 vols. 

15. Elective rolls, artillery and cavalry, Massachusetts. 

16. Elective rolls, infantry, First to Sixty-second regiments, 

Massachusetts. 

17. Elective rolls, by bounty numbers, recruits. 4 vols. 

18. Credits, by bounty numbers. 

19. Muster rolls in other States, troops credited to Massachu- 

setts, viz. : Illinois, Louisiana, Missouri, New York, North 
Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont. Miscellaneous and U. S. 
Army. 

20. Muster rolls, U. S. C. T., artillery, cavalry and infantry, 

First to One Hundred Twenty-second regiments. 

21. List of survivors of the battle of Bunker Hill who attended 

dedication of monument in 1825. 

22. Land grants to revolutionary soldiers, by Act of Legislature, 

Massachusetts, March 27, 1833. 

23. Letters to Adjutant General and Quartermaster General, 

1787 to 1811. 2 vols. 

24. Letters to Quartermaster General and additional rolls of ^ 

troops, war 1812-14. 

25. Letters to Quartermaster General, 1814 to 1847. 4 vols. 

26. Rolls of companies, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 1812 ^ 

to 1833. 

27. General and special orders, 1861 to 1867. 

28. Miscellaneous muster elective rolls, monthly reports, Han- 

cock's Corps, bands and Confederate prisoners enlisting 
in the U. S. Army. 

29. Record of commissions and elections, 1781 to 1790. 

30. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

first division, 1781 to 1840. 9 vols. 

31. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

second division, 1781 to 1840. 9 vols. 

32. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

third division, 1781 to 1840. 8 vols. 

33. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

fifth division, 1781 to 1839. 7 vols. 



12 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

34. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

sixth division, 1781 to 1839. 7 vols. 

35. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

old seventh, new sixth division, 1780 to 1820. 5 vols. 

36. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

seventh division, 1827 to 1837. 1 vol. 

37. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

eighth division, 1799 to 1820. 

38. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

old ninth, new seventh division, 1782 to 1820. 1 vol. 

39. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

tenth division, 1795 to 1820. 2 vols. 

40. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

eleventh division, 1802 to 1820. 2 vols. 

41. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

twelfth division, 1811 to 1820. 2 vols. 

42. Election returns of officers, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 

thirteenth division, 1811 to 1820, and fourteenth, fifteenth, 
sixteenth, seventeenth divisions, 1812. 

43. Roster of officers, first to ninth divisions. 1 vol. 

Casualties, 1908. 

Discharges and loss of enlisted men, other than by ex- 
piration of term of service, were as follows : — 

By order, 1,847 

Promotion, . 53 

Enlistment in United States service, .... 147 

Deaths, 5 



Total, 2,052 

Funds and Appropriations. 
The appropriations made by the Commonwealth during 
the past year, the balances remaining unexpended in those 
appropriations on December 1 and the estimates submitted 
for 1909 expenditures are found in the accompanying 
table : — 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



13 



APPROPRIATIONS FOR — 



1908. 



Balance 
Remaining. 



Salary, Adjutant General, . 

Salary, five clerks, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, ..... 

Salary, messenger, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, 

Salary, additional clerical assist- 
ance, 

Incidental and contingent ex- 
penses, Adjutant General's o (lice, 

Quartermaster's supplies, 

Military accounts, .... 

Care of militia camp ground and 
buildings, 

Compensation of officers and men, 

Transportation 

Rifle practice, 

Officers uniform allowance, . 

Allowance for care of and respon- 
sibility for property, . 

Allowance for repairs to clothing, 
etc., 

Maintenance of armories of the 
first class, 

Salaries of armorers and assist- 
ants, first class, .... 

Maintenance and rentals, armories 
of the second class, 

Maintenance and rentals, armories 
of the third class, 

Allowance to headquarters and 
companies, 

Company armorers, 

Care of United States ships, . 

Instruction in riding, 

Instruction of militia, Service 
School, 

Salary, Surgeon General, 

Medical supplies and incidental 
expenses, 

Medical examination of recruits, . 

State rifle team to National match, 

Preservation of war records, 

Indexing records, Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, 

Instruction Coast Artillery Corp.-, 

Chelsea fire, 

Dress uniforms, .... 



$3,600 

8,200 

800 

6,000 

5,000 

12,000 

4,000 

4,000 

165,000 

25,000 

25,000 

17,710 

5,450 

13,132 

70,000 

24,000 

18,000 

18,000 

3,790 
12,000 
10,000 

3,920 

2,500 
1,200 

2,400 
2,600 
3,000 
l,5u0 



2,500 
25,000 
97,500 



$2,415 66 
279 37 

1,138 75 
5,014 26 
13,388 51 
5,154 55 
1,413 33 

894 60 

365 33 

6,658 72 

4,321 54 

18,000 00i 

18,000 00 

5 00 

1,200 00 

8 48 

2,375 92 

164 29 
1,260 20 



489 85 
1,211 70 

6,838 40 



Estimates, 1009. 



Adjutant 
General. 



$3,600 
8,200 
800 
6,000 
5,000 
4,000 

160,000 
25,000 
28,000 
18,165 

6,050 

13,324 



Quarter- 
master 
General. 



Surgeon 
General . 



$12,000 
4,000 



3,800 
12,375 
10,000 

4,550 

4,000 



2,500 



95,000 
32,000 
12,300 
13,700 



$1,200 

2,500 
2,600 



1 Drawn in February, 1909. 

But one appropriation was overdrawn, that being for Ad- 
jutant General's incidentals, which was caused by having a 
bill presented for the printing of the Adjutant General's 
report for 1907. This report was very much delayed, and 
the bill was not rendered in time to take from the appro- 
priation for this year. 

The balances shown in the foregoing table do not show the 
exact condition of the several appropriations, as a number 
of bills are outstanding at the time of making this report, 
but all will have a balance remaining except the one above 
noted. 



14 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



On December 31, 1908, the balance of the allotment of 
government funds at Washington was as follows : — 



Under 1661, Acts of 1903 : arms, equipments and camp 

purposes, ..... 
Under 1661, balance of rifle practice, 
Act of May 27, 1908, ammunition, 
Act of May 27, 1908, supplies, . 
Care of United States ships, 



$37,941 75 

7,508 50 

29,502 68 

87,118 81 

79 35 



Making a total of $162,157 09 

In making the estimates for the coming year, some have 
been increased and some decreased, the several changes being 
made necessary by the law, excepting that for the rifle prac- 
tice and State rifle team in national matches. These are 
combined as a matter of policy and book-keeping. 

Coast Artillery Corps Stations. 

Under General Orders, No. 44, War Department, 1908, 
the companies of the Coast Artillery Corps were permanently 
assigned to the various stations in the Artillery District of 
Boston : — 



Fort Heath, .... 

Battery Winthrop, 
Fort Banks, Battery Lincoln, 
Fort Ward, Battery Bartlett, . 

Battery Stevenson, 
Fort Strong, Battery Hitchcock, 

Battery Ward, 
Fort Andrews, Battery McCook, 

Battery Cushing, . 
Fort Revere, Battery Saunders, . 

Battery Ripley, . 



headquarters. 

Eighth Company. 

Twelfth Company. 

First and Fourth companies. 

Third Company. 

Second and Fifth companies. 

Sixth Company. 

Ninth Company. 

Tenth Company. 

Seventh Company. 

Eleventh Company. 



These assignments were made by Colonel Nutter, and have 
been approved by the commander of the district. 

Chelsea Fire. 
On Sunday, April 12, 1908, a disastrous conflagration 
broke out in the city of Chelsea. The fire started in the 
forenoon, and burned vigorously all day. At 6 p.m. I re- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 15 

ceived orders at Hudson from His Honor Eben S. Draper, 
Lieutenant Governor, Acting Governor, to report to him at 
Boston, and order out such troops as I considered necessary 
to preserve order and protect life and property. 

I ordered Col. Charles P. Nutter, commanding the Coast 
Artillery Corps, by telephone from Hudson, to assemble his 
companies in their armories and wait for orders. I reported 
to His Honor the Mayor at City Llall, Boston, at 7.10, and 
on learning the extent of the fire, and at the request of the 
mayor, I ordered the First Corps Cadets, Lieut. Col. Thomas 
Talbot, to report to the captain of police, East Boston, to 
aid the civil authorities. 

Colonel Nutter was ordered to take eight companies of 
the Coast Artillery Corps to Chelsea, and to assume personal 
command of the entire forces, leaving his Fourth, Ninth, 
Tenth and Twelfth companies in their armories to await 
further orders. They were dismissed at 8 p.m. ■ Company 
L, Fifth Infantry, Company B, Eighth Infantry, and the 
Fifth Company, Coast Artillery Corps, were already on 
duty in Chelsea, having volunteered to Mayor Beck early in 
the afternoon. In addition, I ordered companies A, B and 
H, Fifth Infantry, and companies A, C, E, K and M, 
Eighth Infantry, making twenty-two companies in all, on 
duty the first night. 

The Quartermaster General was instructed to forward 
tents and blankets for 1,000 people from the arsenal, and 
they arrived in Chelsea at 3 o'clock a.m., by special trolley 
car. 

The Commissary General took charge of the work neces- 
sary to furnish the troops with sufficient rations. This was 
done in a satisfactory manner, notwithstanding that Boston 
hotels and wholesale grocers were called on in the middle of 
the night for emergency supplies. 

The Medical Department reported promptly with doctors, 
and Hospital Corps officers and men and rendered valuable 
assistance. 

The Deputy Quartermaster General was ordered to open 
the armories in Boston as receiving stations for refugees. 

On April 14 at 10 p.m. I relieved the companies that were 



16 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

ordered in on Sunday, except the Fifth Company, Coast 
Artillery Corps, and Company E, Fifth Infantry. Colonel 
X utter, having been on duty continuously, was relieved from 
command, and Colonel Sweetser, Eighth Infantry, detailed 
to take charge. 

On Wednesday, April 15, companies D and I, Eighth. 
Regiment, reported for duty at 6 a.m., and were relieved at 
10 p.m., April 16, as was Company E, Fifth Infantry. On 
Thursday, April 16, companies D, E and I, Ninth Infantry, 
reported for duty at 4 a.m., and were relieved at 10 p.m., 
April 18. 

Owing to the enormous crowd of sightseers and the ap- 
proaching holiday, the necessity of mounted troops was 
apparent, and Troop A, First Squadron Cavalry, was detailed 
for duty April 18, and was relieved at 9 p.m. , 

On Sunday, April 19, the Second Corps Cadets, Company 
H, Eighth- Infantry, Troop D, First Squadron Cavalry, re- 
ported for duty at 7 a.m., and were relieved at 10 p.m. 

The Marines from the Navy Yard were ordered on duty 
in the early afternoon of April 12, and performed their full 
duty in a most commendable manner. 

For particular details of the work performed at Chelsea 
I enclose reports of the commanding and departmental officers 
on duty there. 

At the request of the relief committee, a detail of a 
commissioned officer and 10 enlisted men was ordered on 
duty to take charge of the distribution of certain supplies. 
This work was performed in a very satisfactory manner. 

On April 18 the relief committee requested the military 
authorities to take entire charge of the distribution of the 
food supplies. The work was assigned to the Commissary 
General, who placed Maj. A. Preston Chase in immediate 
charge. With a detail of men from the First Corps Cadets 
the work was carried on until May. 12, and to the satisfaction 
of the relief committee. 

The troops at Chelsea performed their full duty often 
under very trying circumstances. The following letter from 
the mayor of the city was received by me on completion 
of the tour of duty : — 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



17 



Chelsea, Mass., April 20, 1908. 

William H. Brigham, Adjutant General, Commonwealth of Mas- 
sachusetts, Boston, Mass. 

Dear Sir: — As mayor of the city of Chelsea, I desire to tender 
this official recognition of the prompt, efficient and valuable services 
rendered by the militia under your command, detailed to preserve 
order and protect life and property in Chelsea during and since the 
great conflagration. 

Order was maintained by your officers and troops under the most 
trying circumstances, and no just criticism of their conduct, other 
than that which is creditable, can exist. 

I feel especially grateful to both Col. Charles P. Nutter and Col. 
E. Leroy Sweetser for their harmonious co-operation with the civil 
authorities during this period. 

My grateful acknowledgment of obligation is also due to the rank 
and file of each company, including the Fifth Company, Coast 
Artillery Corps, a large number of members of which, although their 
entire possessions were lost and their families rendered homeless by 
the fire, responded faithfully to the high call of military duty, 
without regard to their personal interests. 

Respectfully yours, 

(Signed) John - E. Beck, 

Mayor. 



I am enclosing herewith report from officers on duty at 
Chelsea, giving details of the work performed. 

The pay and transportation of officers and men per or- 
ganization on duty at Chelsea was as follows : — 



Quartermaster's Department, . 


$182 49 


Medical Department, . 


243 54 


Inspector General's Department, 


16 66 


Commissary General, . 


152 80 


Sundry officers, . 


92 45 


Coast Artillery Corps, 


4,637 50 


Fifth Regiment Infantry, 


1,658 83 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, 


2,650 29 


Ninth Regiment Infantry, 


1,282 88 


First Corps Cadets, .... 


2,015 82 


Second Corps Cadets, 


82!) 72 


Troop A, Cavalry, 


4 s:; B5 


Troop D, Cavalry, .... 


688 34 


Signal Corps, . . 


713 22 


Hospital Corps, .... 


515 66 


Total, 


. $16,164 05 



IS ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Recommendations. 

1. I recommend that an appropriation of $5,000 be made 
for the purpose of indexing the war and military records 
in the archives of the Adjutant General. 

2. That legislation be enacted to make it possible to move 
troops, military supplies and freight over any or all electric 
roads in the State in times of necessity. This will save 
much time and money in mobilizing troops. 

3.. An act to provide for the annual participation of rifle 
teams of the militia in National and State matches. 

4. An act to provide for the adjustment of salaries in 
the Adjutant General's and Quartermaster's Departments. 

5. Legislation to regulate the pay and allowances to troops 
engaged in joint maneuvers with the regular army. < 

6. For legislation to allow for the disposition of land 
adjoining the armory on Howard Street in the city of Spring- 
field. 

7. Legislation to define more accurately the law relative 
to the compensation of members of the militia who are 
injured in the discharge of their duties. 

ACENOWLEDGMEX TS. 

I wish to take this opportunity to express my appreciation 
of the valuable and intelligent assistance rendered me by 
the clerical force in this office, who have given me their 
hearty support in conducting the administrative affairs of 
this department. 

Particular acknowledgment is due to Col. Wm. C. Capelle 
and Lieut. Col. A. M. Mossman, the Assistant Adjutants 
General, Brig. Gen'l William C. Rogers, Judge Advocate 
General, Capt. James P. Parker, Chief of the Naval Bureau, 
and Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., IT. S. A., Retired. 

To von, sir, I am sreatlv indebted for most valuable 

i / J CD o 

advice and assistance and for many courtesies extended. 
Respectfully, 

WILLIAM H. BRIGHAM, 

The Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



19 



EEPOET OF THE INSPECTOE GENERAL. 



Inspector General's Department, Boston, December 15, 1908. 
Brig. Gen'l William H. Brigham, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report on the work performed by 
the officers of this department for the current year. 

The following assignments of inspecting officers for the State 
armory inspections were made : — 



Coast Artillery Corps, 
Second Regiment Infantry, . 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, . 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, • 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, . 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, . 
First Squadron Cavalry, 
First Battalion Field Artillery : 

Battery A, . 

Battery B, . 

Battery C, . 
Signal Corps, 



Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon. 
Lieut. Col. Thomas D. Barroll. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 
Lieut. Col. Roger Wolcott. 
Lieut. Col. Jesse F. Stevens. 
Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey. 
Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey. 
Lieut. Col. Thomas D. Barroll. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 

The Inspector General. 
Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 
Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon. 



The following assignments of inspecting officers for camp in- 
spections were made : — 



Coast Artillery Corps and Ninth 
Infantry, Fort Banks, Fort 
Heath, 

Fort Warren, 

Fort Strong, 

Fort Revere, 

Fort Andrew, 

Second Infantry, 

Fifth Infantry, 

Sixth Infantry, 

Eighth Infantry, 

First Squadron Cavalry, 



Maj. Ira Vaughan. 
Lieut. Col. Roger Wolcott. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 
Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon. 
Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey. 
Lieut. Col. Thomas D. Barroll. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 
Col. Henry L. Kincaide, Retired. 
Lieut. Col. Jesse F. Stevens. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 



20 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



First Battalion Field Artillery : — 

Batteries B and C, 

Battery A, . 
First Corps Cadets, . 
Second Corps Cadets, . 
Signal Corps, 
Ambulance Company Section, 



Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey. 
Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon. 
Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon. 
Lieut. Col. Thomas D. Barroll. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 
Maj. Frank T. Hitchcock. 



Coast Artillery Corps. 

The attendance of this command at armory inspection was 
poor, but somewhat better than last year. The dress coat is in 
poor condition generally. The variety in leggins still exists; 
this should be remedied. With the exception of headquarters 
and the Second and Eighth companies, the books and papers 
are very poorly kept. For the third time it is recommended that 
a uniform method be adopted, and that this matter receive the 
immediate attention of the corps headquarters. The arms and 
equipments in the Boston companies are in excellent shape; in 
the other companies, very good. 

The corps performed the annual tour of duty, June 21-30, at 
the following forts in Boston harbor : — 



Headquarters and Eighth Company, 
Twelfth Company, 
Seventh and Eleventh companies, 
First, Third and Fourth companies, 
Ninth and Tenth companies, 
Second, Fifth and Sixth companies, 



Fort Heath. 
Fort Banks. 
Fort Revere. 
Fort Warren. 
Fort Andrew. 
Fort Strong. 



Forts Banks and Heath. 
Immediately upon arrival tents were pitched and camp routine 
established, the work being well and quickly done. Mess and 
cook houses were conveniently located, as was true of the sani- 
tary and bathing arrangements, which were all kept thoroughly 
clean and neat. Meals were promptly served, and the food well 
prepared. The health was excellent during the entire tour of 
duty. Policing "was as well done under the circumstances as 
could be expected; quarters were uniformly neat and well kept 
throughout the tour. Discipline, excellent; military courtesy, 
good. Notwithstanding the service conditions, ceremonies were 
regularly performed and well done; a great improvement was 
noticed over that of last year. A consolidated guard was estab- 
lished by details from the regulars, coast artillery and the in- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 21 

fantry. The usual criticism has to be made of the new recruits 
with little or no knowledge of guard duty. Each day, however, 
showed some improvement. The most important duty, besides 
the routine artillery drill, was the setting of the sub-caliber tubes 
and platforms for the target practice. Lectures were held in 
the evening, which had been prepared by one of the L T nited 
States officers, on " The Organization and Administration of 
Coast Artillery Personnel." The firing of the fifteen service 
charges from the 12-inch guns and from the mortars took place 
during the week. 

Fort Revere. 
The program of the week was daily guard mounting in the 
morning and a parade in the afternoon of all the troops ; battery 
drill; sub-caliber practice; service practice and calibration by 
Battery Eipley 10 shots and Battery Sanders 16 shots; call to 
arms; simulated attacks; firing blank charges; firing command 
drill at night and call to arms day and night. Evening lectures 
were given on the following subjects: organization and admin- 
istration of coast artillery personnel; coast guns, projectiles, 
fuses and explosives; power, light and communications, and 
their use in coast defence; position finders, and their use in 
coast defence; the defence of land approaches to coast forts. 
The result obtained by these companies in service firing was 
excellent, and had it not been that calibration firing was re- 
quired by orders, it is believed that the percentage of excellence 
would be higher. When it is realized that this was accom- 
plished without any armory equipment, it is to be commended. 
Guard duty ranged from poor to good. Military discipline was 
good, roll calls and setting up exercises poor. Mess was de- 
layed several times, and arrangement of quarters in the Seventh 
Company was poor. Sanitary and bathing facilities were ex- 
cellent. 

Fort Warren. 

The program of instruction, as laid down by the district 
commander, included progressive instruction in coast artillery 
with battery drills, using dummy projectiles and cartridges; fire 
and battle command drills ; sub-caliber target practice and service 
practice on the 12-inch and 10-inch batteries; one day and two 
night phases with vessels of quartermaster's department simu- 
lating: the enemv. Each afternoon there was a noncommissioned 
officers' school, conducted by a regular officer. Evening parade 
for all the companies, regular and militia, followed by retreat. 



22 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

At the end of the week instructions for first-class gunner's ex- 
amination were given by Capt. A. G. Clarke, C. A. C, U. S. A., 
and by the end of the week practically all of the noncommis- 
sioned officers and a number of the privates had passed ex- 
amination for this grade. 

The health was excellent during the week. In general; the 
discipline was good. Military courtesy was fair, and seemed 
to be well meant, but lacking in instruction. Men saluted with 
the wrong hand, neglected to say " Sir "• and stand at attention 
when addressing an officer. The camps presented a very fair 
appearance as to neatness in the arrangement and care of prop- 
erty. Cook houses and latrines were wooden structures provided 
by the regular quartermaster, and were kept neat. Stringent 
rules as to the disposition of garbage were prescribed and en- 
forced. The working suits were in poor condition, being old, 
ill fitting and very dirty. The Third Company was not provided 
with the full outfit, and about half the men were in the khaki 
service uniform. The artillery drill was excellent by the end 
of the week, with the exception of the telephone service. This 
had to be performed by recruits, and while the experienced men 
were properly put on the gun, ammunition, range and plotting 
board details, the telephone service is too vital a part of modern 
artillery to be so defectively performed as was done. The sub- 
caliber practice was good, but many more rounds should have 
been allowed. As the corps was obliged to use only the new 
men on guard, the result was that guard duty was very ragged. 
But few men understood anything of general orders- or the duties 
of a sentinel. 

Fort Andrew. 

Camp was pitched promptly and well. Officers and enlisted 
men performed the same duties as the regular troops, including 
the guard duty. Practice of the 6-inch rapid-fire guns was in- 
terfered with somewhat for two days by the calibrations of the 
same by an ordnance employee. The guns were worked, but 
rather slowly. There was practice with the 12-inch mortars and 
6-inch rapid-fire' guns, both for sub-caliber and full service 
ammunition. It is the opinion of the inspecting officer that the 
militia would have obtained more advantage from the exercises 
had the phases been confined to the last few days of the period, 
so that a larger part of the time might have been devoted to 
the drill. As the personnel of the militia changes so rapidly, 
progressive and accurate instruction is important. The dis- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 23 

cipline was excellent, as well as the condition of the arms and 
equipment. Performance of guard duty was poor, policing of 
camp and quarters satisfactory. 

Fort Strong. 
This post offers an ideal spot for a camp, with an excellent 
parade ground. Large mess houses with canvas covers had been 
erected in the rear of the companies, and incinerators further 
in the rear. Excellent bath houses with showers were con- 
veniently placed along the beach. Kitchens were in the rear 
end of the mess houses, and food supplies partitioned off with 
netting to keep out the flies. Policing was well done throughout 
the tour. Quarters and mess houses were kept in good condi- 
tion. The Fifth Company, Coast Artillery Corps, was hardly 
up to the standard set by the other companies during the early 
part of the tour. The health of the troops was excellent during 
the week. The food was good, and was well prepared. The dis- 
cipline was excellent, with the exception that the Fifth Company 
was not up to the standard; the officers did not appear to have 
good control of the men. Improvements should be made in the 
discipline of this company. The arms and equipments were kept 
in good condition. The guard duty was very poorly performed, 
neither noncommissioned officers nor privates appearing to know 
their duties. No guard report book was used, and no sentry 
was posted at guard quarters. Neither the officers nor the men 
seemed to consider the work of any importance. The drills were 
confined to the regular work at the batteries, lines of communi- 
cation, plotting boards, range finders, target practice, and were 
excellently performed. The work is often hard and sometimes 
becomes monotonous, but the men were always willing and alert. 
Ceremonies were generally well performed, although officers 
seemed somewhat unfamiliar with their work, and there \\;i- a 
certain lack of snap. The work, however, improved during the 
week. Daily lectures were scheduled to be given during the week 
by the army officers. The Fifth Company made a perfect record 
for attendance. 

Second Eegimext Infantry. 

The attendance of this regiment at the armory inspections 

shows decided improvement over that of the preceding year. The 

arms and equipment were in good condition, and the uniforms 

satisfactory. The close order drill on the whole was satisfactory. 



24 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

It was noticed that some officers were slow in giving commands, 
particularly in platoon drill. All officers showed lack of sword- 
drill. Extended order drill was satisfactory, and some of the 
companies excelled in this drill. On the whole, the noncom- 
missioned officers showed lack of confidence in themselves. Much 
more study and practice should be given to guard duty. It was 
apparent that the instruction given the sentinels failed to im- 
press upon them the importance of soldierly bearing, or of 
carrying out the instruction as laid down in the guard manual. 
All of the companies report officers' and noncommissioned offi- 
cers' meetings weekly. Knowledge of arms satisfactory. Per- 
sonnel good. With a few exceptions, all of the officers showed 
zeal and good control over the men. The material in this regi- 
ment is very good, and if the proper application to study is 
enforced, its efficiency will be greatly increased. With one ex- 
ception the finances of the company are in excellent condition, 
— practically no indebtedness. The arrangement for calling 
out the commands with despatch in case of emergency is satis- 
factory. 

The regiment performed the annual tour of duty at White 
Plains, X. Y., June 14—21. The average attendance was 55 
officers and 743 men. The attendance at formations on the 
whole was unsatisfactory, a number of companies being late at 
all formations. Improvements were shown during the tour of 
duty. The sanitation was excellent. Pits were dug in all 
kitchens, and refuse properly handled and new incinerators used 
and worked well. The kitchens were kept in good condition and 
properly policed. The health of the command was excellent, 
discipline satisfactory and military courtesy very good. The 
extended order, covering advance guard and outposts, was well 
executed, both officers and men showing zeal and a good knowl- 
edge of their duties. As guard mounting was the only ceremony, 
care should have been taken to carry out detail, which was not 
done. From a lack of proper written orders, details came on 
the line from both right and left, which created great confusion. 
The ceremony Friday, and the last one of the tour of duty, 
showed great improvement over preceding days. It was ap- 
parent that all that was needed was more attention paid to 
it from headquarters. While the performance of guard duty 
on this tour of duty was far from satisfactory, it showed decided 
improvement over that of the preceding year. Schools were held 
at guard quarters. It is the opinion of the inspecting officer 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 25 

that the unfavorable comment on this tour was not from lack 
of zeal on the part of the officers, but of a knowledge of the 
duties which should have been taught at drills and schools of 
instruction in the armories. The band of this command was 
so unsoldierly that it is difficult to understand why they are 
allowed to belong to the military organization, as they are en- 
listed men. In the problems the regiment was well handled 
by the commanding officer, and its good work reflected credit 
upon both officers and men. 

Fifth Eegiment Infantry. 

There was absent from the armory inspection of this regi- 
ment 3 officers and 64 men. The records of the ten previous 
drills indicate that attendance at drills is generally very good. 
The property is in good condition and well cared for, except 
in one or two cases where facilities are very poor. Arms are 
in excellent condition, except in a few cases where they had not 
been properly cleaned. Books and papers are generally properly 
and s} r stematically kept, but in some cases more attention should 
be paid to neatness. At headquarters the system of books and 
papers is excellent. A close order drill in manual and firings 
was usually well executed, but extended orders should receive 
more attention. In many cases the lieutenants appear to lack 
confidence, which indicates that the company commanders are 
too prone to do the work themselves. The noncommissioned 
officers fall considerably short of what should be the standard 
both in snap and bearing, as well as in military knowledge. Con- 
siderable more attention should be given to guard duty, both 
by noncommissioned officers and privates. With one or two ex- 
ceptions, the personnel throughout the regiment is very uood. 
But for the fact that Company H has been working under un- 
satisfactory conditions, it would be more severely criticised. 
This company should maintain a much higher standard in the 
future. The administration as a whole is excellent. Battalion 
commanders should make a report to the regimental commander, 
and an effort should be made to insure uniform instruction and 
a uniform standard of excellence throughout the regiment. The 
finances throughout the regiment are excellent, with the possible 
exception of Company B. 

The regiment performed its annual tour of duty at Framing- 
ham, beginning August 8. Policing of camp and quarters was 
generally well done. Cook and mess houses were kept in good 



26 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

condition. The health of the command was excellent throughout 
the tour. The new plan for rationing the men worked well-; 
supplies well delivered and food well prepared. Arms and 
equipment were well cared for. The regiment is generally well 
officered, and the personnel of enlisted men very good. Military 
courtesy was poor at first, but improved greatly after brigade 
commander brought up the subject, among others, in an informal 
talk with men on Sunday, and was very good before the troops 
left the field Wednesday. Discipline and deportment was good 
at all times except on Saturday, when after taps and before 
reveille the camp was very noisy. The discipline of Company 
B was not up to the standard of the other companies. The 
deportment of the regiment on Thursday, Friday and Saturday 
deserves commendation. There was little actual straggling, 
and the men seemed careful not to injure private property. 
Schools for commissioned and noncommissioned officers were 
held daily while in the camp at Framingham, with Capt. R. C. 
Davis, U. S. A., as instructor. Guard duty was poorly done, 
and only slight improvement made during the tour. Neither 
noncommissioned officers nor men were sufficiently instructed, 
and even where general orders seemed understood, they were 
frequently unable to apply them. The extended order drill 
was generally well done. Advance and rear guard drill was 
done on roads in the vicinity of Framingham camp. Outpost 
work was done on land for the use of which permission had 
been obtained. On these subjects it is quite evident that many 
officers had not sufficiently studied their books. While posi- 
tions were generally well selected for line of observation and 
line of resistance, in many cases positions well screened from 
the direct front were rather exposed from a slightly flank po- 
sition, and could have been corrected. There were many mis- 
takes at the ceremonies at first, but these were soon largely 
corrected, and the review on Tuesday was especially good. 
There were 94 per cent, of the command present. The problems 
executed were: first, a march in the enemy's country; second, 
attack and defence of convoy; third, attack and defence of 
position. The problems were excellently planned. The in- 
spector commends the conduct of the troops during this per- 
formance, and the spirit with which the officers and men entered 
the work. There was naturally a great deal of hard work, but 
it was done willingly and cheerfully. Camps were well arranged 
and excellently .policed. The commissary and quartermaster 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 27 

departments performed their work in an intelligent manner, 
and the handling of the wagon trains and the laying out of 
camps deserves commendation. 

Sixth Eegimext Infantry. 

The reports of the inspection of the various companies of this 
regiment show improvement over that of last year. Military 
courtesy is much better throughout the regiment. Guard duty 
is somewhat improved, and also the personnel of the enlisted 
men. Recruiting is somewhat easier. The attendance at in- 
spection was noticeably better than that of last year. The 
attendance at drills is still unsatisfactory, and eight companies 
this year fell below the very reasonable average of 80 per cent., 
suggested in last year's report. Company E shows the greatest 
gain in general efficiency during the year. Improvement was also 
noted in companies G, H, K and M. 

This regiment performed its annual tour of duty at White 
Plains, N. Y., June 13-21. The discipline throughout the tour 
was excellent, save the firing of a few blank cartridges on Friday 
night in the vicinity of the Third Battalion, failure to promptly 
extinguish lights, and allowing men to remain out of quarters 
after taps during the earlier days at camp. Sanitation was care- 
fully watched and excellent during the tour. The health of 
the command was excellent. No serious cases of sickness were 
reported. Three guard mounts only were held during the tour, 
owing to inclement weather and absence from camp. The latter 
ones show improvement over the first ones, and may be con- 
sidered fair. The older men were well posted; new men were 
familiar with their general orders, the elementary principles of 
guard duty, and showed a commendable spirit of desiring to 
know their duties fully. Officers on duty at guard quarters held 
frequent schools for instruction. A larger guard might have 
been mounted, that a greater number of recruits could have had 
practical application of armory instruction and guard duty. 
Valuable instruction in drill was received from Capt. R. C. 
Davis, U. S. A.; close and extended order drill is well under- 
stood by officers and men. The disposition of troops in advance 
and rear guard, outposts and flank guard was commendable. Mien 
fell in promptly at roll call except in the Third Battalion, where 
more promptness should be observed. Improvement can easily 
be effected. Tents were orderly at inspection of quarter-, but 
they lacked a uniform arrangement of equipment. Officers 



28 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

should give this matter more careful attention. After the first 
da)-, rations were ample, of good quality and well cooked. Staff 
officers without exception are men of experience, and handle 
their departments in an efficient and commendable manner. Im- 
provement was noticed each day, and the inspecting officer com- 
mends the officers and men for a most creditable tour of duty. 

Eighth Regiment Infantry. 

This command is in very good condition, both as to its per- 
sonnel and equipment. Attention should be given to the 
instruction of noncommissioned officers by the company com- 
manders in the noncommissioned officers' school. Company 
commanders should give more attention to the details of drill, 
and make corrections at the time the mistake occurs. There were 
several vacancies in the field and staff, but it was the intention 
of the regiment commander to have them, filled as quickly as 
possible. There was a full attendance of the drum corps, which 
is in excellent condition, and under the direction of Drum 
Major Thomas did good work. The inspecting officer visited 
companies C, E and M while on duty at the ruins of the Chelsea 
fire, where they were performing guard duty, and commended 
the manner in which they performed their duty under trying 
circumstances. 

The regiment performed the annual tour of duty at White 
Plains, N. Y., June 14-21. There were present 52 officers and 
748 men. There was a great deal of carelessness in the matter 
of uniforms throughout the tour of duty, noticeably at drill, 
some companies appearing in khaki shirt and some in full 
khaki. The appearance of the command is made or marred by 
its uniform, and nothing produces more unfavorable comment 
than lack of uniformity. One company disobeyed orders, and 
came to camp without all of its overcoats, — a most necessary 
article, as was proved by the weather during the week. The 
commissary department was seriously handicapped in its work 
on account of the poor condition of the commissary chests issued. 
This department was handicapped by the fact that the com- 
missary was a new appointment, having been assigned just 
prior to this tour of duty. There was some criticism of this 
department, but improvement was noticed during the week. 
The quartermaster's department was slow in procuring the neces- 
sary articles, such as horse tents, covering to mess shacks, etc. 
Guard mount was poor. Men were unsteady and the manual 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 29 

very poor. A slight improvement was noticed during the week, 
but the ceremony was not performed as it should be. The men 
were poorly instructed in regard to guard duty. The time to 
give instruction in guard duty is in the armory, during the in- 
door season; and if this is properly done, the command should 
go to camp and be able to do creditable work. Guard duty 
appears to be a weak point in this regiment. In spite of the 
short time allowed for police and inspection, the quarters were 
kept in very good condition and the ground well policed. Drills 
on the whole were very good. In the advance and rear guard and 
outpost work the men showed intelligence and knowledge about 
what they expected to do. The battalion and regimental ex- 
tended order were well done. Military courtesy was very good. 
Discipline was excellent. The inspecting officer states that too 
great praise cannot be given the officers and men in this com- 
mand in this respect. During the maneuvers the regiment 
formed the outpost for the Blue force on the right. The dis- 
position was well made, and the men had an intelligent concep- 
tion of their duties. School for officers was a waste of time. 
Papers were read by regular officers, apparently taken -from such 
books as Security and Information and Field Service. Lectures 
on camp sanitation by Captain Woodruff of the Medical De- 
partment, and one on outpost by Colonel Walton of the regular 
service, were the only ones that possessed any information for 
the officers. Camp sanitation was excellent. The incinerators 
were very satisfactory, and worked well. The health of the 
command was excellent, there being very few of the usual camp 
ailments. 

Ninth Begimext Infantry. 

At the armory inspection of the companies of this regiment 
the officers in general showed a good knowledge of the drill, 
and some of them excellent. The general drill of the companies 
was poor, companies H, I and M being somewhat better than 
the other companies. The men as a whole showed a lack of 
instruction in details necessary for good results. In many of 
the companies the execution of company movements without 
having squads or ranks misplaced seemed to be satisfactory. 
The greatest improvement in drill as compared to the inspection 
of a year ago was shown in Company H. This companv. under 
Lieutenant Odermatt, exhibited practically the entire school of 
the company in an efficient manner. The guard duty is dis- 
tinctly poor throughout the regiment. A previous report has 



30 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

been made in regard to the poor guard duty in armories and 
at camp last year, and little improvement is found. It is the 
opinion of the inspecting officer that the present condition of 
this regiment is due not so much to bad administration as to 
what might be called lack of administration, and it appears that 
the regiment has been allowed to drift in matters of military 
instruction. Only two meetings of regimental officers were held 
during the year. The company officers do good or poor work, 
as it happens, according to their ability, and the majors are 
without definite authority in their battalions. The faults of 
the drill and the instruction could be corrected by majors 
through battalion officers' schools or schools for all the officers 
at headquarters. Officers should not only be taught their books, 
but taught how to instruct, neither of which is done at present. 
The majors are not held sufficiently responsible for the dis- 
cipline and instruction of their battalions. The noncommis- 
sioned officers are examined by the colonel personally. Such 
examinations must necessarily be perfunctory, and a great many 
men are serving as noncommissioned officers who have not re- 
ceived their warrants. While it does not appear that the regi- 
ment is below the standard of that of last year, it does not seem 
that it can rise to the standard it should unless some change 
is made in methods and administration. 

The tour of duty of this regiment was performed in connec- 
tion with the coast defence maneuvers in Boston harbor, June 
21-30, and was stationed at the following forts : — 

First Battalion, Fort Revere. 

Second Battalion, Fort Andrew. 

Headquarters, Fort Banks. 

Company A, . . Fort Warren. 

Company C, Fort Heath. 

Company D, Fort Banks. 

Company L Fort Strong. 

Forts Banks and Heath. 
The infantry movements were restricted and made difficult 
by unavoidable conditions, lack of space for operations, and one 
company was inadequate as a support for each fortification. The 
reconnaissances, outpost and night operations were much handi- 
capped by the large number of civilians who followed and 
persistently interfered with the troops. A thorough study of the 
situation and surroundings was made by the company officers, 
who gained a good idea of the field works to be constructed and 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 31 

the disposition to be made of an adequate support for fortifica- 
tions in the event of war. Officers and men were enthusiastic 
throughout the tour, and progress was shown in close and ex- 
tended order drills, in security and information and in advance 
and rear guard. 

Fort Warren. 
The drill of Compaq A was only fair. A great improvement 
was noticed in close order, but the extended order and machine- 
gun drill was at the best only fair. When the call to arms was 
sounded, on the night of June 26, this company took twelve 
minutes to fall in in its company street, and showed confusion 
in regard to its duties. The work of Second Lieutenant Maguire 
of this company as drill master is commended by the inspecting 
officer. The guard duty of this company was good. The men 
knew their general orders, and appeared to understand them. 
The company was handicapped by the recent retirement of its 
captain, and by the fact that the first sergeant was but newly 
appointed, and had not had experience in his duties. The com- 
pany at present is deficient in discipline, military courtesy and 
drill. 

Fort Revere. 
The drill of the week was close and extended order by company 
and battalion, advance and rear guard and flankers, outposts, 
construction of hasty entrenchments. Evening lectures were also 
given. Eoll calls and setting-up exercises were only fair. Mili- 
tary courtesy, very good. Guard duty ranged from poor to 
good. Great improvement was shown in the care of quarters. 
The sanitary conditions were excellent and the policing very 
good. With the exception of the first evening, the discipline 
throughout the week was good. The evening parades were far 
from what they should be, and were lacking in finish and char- 
acter. As a whole, the performance of the battalion on this 
tour of duty may be well rated, and shows a distinct advancement 
compared with other tours. 

Fort Andrew. 

The battalion arrived at noon, and camp was pitched promptly 
but poorly, which was corrected to some extent later. An error 
was made in attempting to have the command receive their first 
meal from a caterer, instead of carrying travelling rations. 
Regimental orders relating to transportation were insufficient. 
in that details for handling baggage were too small, and the 



32 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

order was indefinite as to the place for details to report. The 
discipline was excellent. The men worked hard and willingly. 
The close order drill was not satisfactory, but showed improve- 
ment. The extended order work was better, and executed with 
intelligence and interest. In a problem of defence, the com- 
panies were assigned by regular officers to positions which they 
occupied at every alarm. This was always well performed. The 
guard duty of the battalion was very poor. The guard received 
very little instruction in guard quarters, and no guard books or 
blanks were available until Thursday. The location of the bat- 
talion camp was excellent. Sanitary arrangements were all that 
could be desired at this location. 

Field Artillery. 

It is difficult to form a proper idea of the efficiency of a 
mounted command in an armory inspection. The* arms and 
equipment of these batteries are in good condition, being prac- 
tically new. Uniforms of batteries B and C in fair condition; 
those of Battery A, owned by the men, are in excellent condition. 
More attention should be given to detailed instruction in the 
armory, particularly in batteries B and C ; there were too many 
men who did not understand the position of a soldier, or know 
how to render the proper salute. 

The headquarters and batteries B and C performed the annual 
tour of duty at South Framingham, July 19-21. The drill was 
generally well executed and undertaken with interest, but 
throughout the command there seems to be a lack of appreciation 
of the fact that a field artilleryman should be a good soldier. 
Attention to roll call was poor the first part of the week. 
Formation at reveille roll call was from five to fifteen minutes 
late, with many men absent. This was improved during the 
week. Likewise in the inspection of quarters, — neither officers, 
men nor tents were ready at the proper time. Stables were well 
conducted. Guard duty, while naturally a minor detail in a 
camp of this character, was very poorly done. Guards under- 
stood so little of their duty that it was almost useless to attempt 
to inspect them. The mess and kitchens were well conducted, 
except that of headquarters. No officers were present to super- 
vise the preparation of meals, and there was apparently no 
idea that such was necessary. The tour of duty should have 
been laid out more svstematicallv bv the commanding officer, 
and he should have seen that it was carried out. Too much was 
taken for granted and left to battery commanders, and the 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 33 

result was very apparent. These batteries should have a United 
States Field Artillery officer for an instructor. 

Battery A performed its annual tour of duty at Sandwich, 
July 18-25, on application of the battery commander for per- 
mission to have separate camp, with the understanding that the 
battery should assume all expense of railroad transportation. 
The battery was accompanied by Lieut. Col. D. J. Kumbough, 
First Eegiment Field Artillery, U. S. A., as instructor, whose 
services proved of great value to the command. The tour was 
of great benefit to all. In the performance of the smallest detail 
zealousness and intelligence were conspicuous. Military cour- 
tesy was very good. Guard duty good to poor. Policing, care 
of quarters and sanitation excellent. Target practice was held 
at ranges from 2,000 to 2,800 yards with direct fire, and range 
of 2,300 yards indirect fire. The drill consisted of drivers drill, 
map making, calibration of sight, quadrants and battery com- 
manders' telescope and the plotting and figuring of ranges. 
Various positions were taken, each platoon representing a full 
battery. The health of the command was excellent during the 
week. 

First Squadron Cavalry. 

The attendance of the three troops at inspection was as 
follows : Troop A, 86 per cent. ; Troop B, 93 per cent. ; Troop 
D, 92 per cent. Clothing is generally in very good condition, 
but in Troop A campaign hats and leggins are unsatisfactory. 
Better arrangements for the care of property are now being 
made in this troop. A more systematic arrangement of clothing 
in lockers should be insisted upon in troops A and D. All horse 
equipment in the squadron is of black leather, and should be 
changed for fair leather equipments. Bridles and straps show 
signs of weakness. None of the armories are properly quar- 
tered for cavalry, as there is no opportunity for mounted work. 
In troops A and D close order work, carbine manual and firings 
were very good. Extended order, unsatisfactory. Saber manual 
and exercises only fair. Troop A could not execute the in- 
spection of pistol for the ceremony of inspection. Troop B > 
being recently organized, could not be inspected the same as the 
other troops. The officers and men appear to have made sat- 

■ 

isfactory progress on such work as has been taken up. It Is 
reported that this troop in some instances had been instructed 
in accordance with infantry drill regulations instead of cavalry 
drill regulations; there does not seem to be any reason for this. 
None of the troops showed a sufficient knowledge of guard duty. 



34 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Personnel is excellent throughout the squadron. The adminis- 
tration throughout the squadron is excellent. The finances in 
the troops are satisfactory. Books and papers are in excellent 
condition. In Troop A it was noted that files were not complete, 
and that the troop commander stated that the missing numbers 
were in his possession. There is every reason to believe that 
with time and experience Troop B will become an efficient 
command. 

The squadron performed its annual tour of duty at South 
Framingham, July 11-18. The squadron went over the road 
to Framingham, and men and horses arrived in good condition. 
On arriving at camp, as soon as the horses had been cared for, 
tents were pitched and quarters arranged, the work being quickly 
and well done. Quarters presented a neat and orderly appear- 
ance at all times throughout the tour. Quarters and adjacent 
ground were well policed, but the sinks and ground iri the rear 
of stables were not so carefully attended to. The commissary 
department seemed to work smoothly under the new system, 
and food was of excellent quality. Discipline was generally 
good in all troops. Military courtesy was very good, taking 
into consideration there were a number of new men in the 
squadron. Salutes were not always well rendered, and a more 
soldierly bearing should be cultivated. Guard duty was only 
fair. Sentinels were not as alert as they should be, and it does 
not appear that sufficient attention is given this duty in the 
squadron. With the exception of ceremonies, drills were largely 
devoted to training the horses to work together and to building 
up the extended order work, mounted and dismounted, and 
including the formation for attack and the charge. The work 
was well carried out, and satisfactory progress was made. On 
Thursday and Friday a small squad under Major Bigelow was 
used to represent an opposing force, and added much interest. 
The inspector reports that the riding as a whole and the han- 
dling of the horses was the best he had seen on the field. The 
guard mount, which was performed each day dismounted, was 
rather unsatisfactory; the men were not steady, the alignments 
were not good, and the noncommissioned officers appeared lack- 
ing in force. The health of the command was excellent through- 
out the tour. Troop B deserves praise for the splendid way 
both officers and men took hold of the work, and the showing 
they made. They were greatly assisted by Major Bigelow, 
IT. S. A., retired. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 35 



First Corps Cadets. 

This command is in excellent condition, and is a credit to the 
State. The number of absentees was greater than should be, 
but it was noted that all were accounted for. The interior as 
well as the military affairs of the corps are administered as a 
battalion. This includes recruiting, as well as care of property 
and finances. The drill as well as the condition of the property 
were excellent. The work of the officers was beyond criticism, 
and that of the noncommissioned officers was very good. The 
ceremonies of all the companies were exceptionally good. The 
superior officers thoroughly understood their duties, and recom- 
mendations regarding changes are unnecessary. The inspecting 
officer suggests that the books and papers which the line officers 
keep be made to conform to those of the rest of the militia, 
and for the purpose of experience the company commanders 
keep a regulation property book for such property as they are 
immediately accountable for. 

The corps performed its annual tour of duty at White Plains, 
N. Y., July 4-15. Percentage present during the tour, 85.56. 
The work of the week was progressive, and included company 
and battalion drill in close and extended order, advance guard 
by company, advance and rear guard by battalion, outpost by 
battalion and shelter tent drill. Daily lectures were held at 11 
a.m. and S p.m. for officers. Meetings of officers for comment 
and criticism by regular officers after each problem were inter- 
esting and instructive. The sanitary conditions and bathing fa- 
cilities were excellent ; food, ample in quantity and well cooked ; 
military courtesy, excellent ; guard duty, very good to poor ; care 
of quarters, fair; health of the command, excellent. 

Second Corps Cadets. 

The attendance at the armory inspection of this command was 
89.19. The average attendance of the ten preceding drills was 
low, which may have been owing to the condition of the armory, 
caused by the addition to the drill hall being built, as the heating 
svstem was being' remodelled and the drill hall was too cold to 
drill in. The conditions of the arms and equipments were very 
good; uniforms satisfactory, with the exception of overcoat-, 
which were ill fitting and worn; books and papers very good; 
close order drills satisfactory, with the following comments: 
officers slow in giving commands, and in no instance were the 



36 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

company commanders in proper position to march in with their 
companies. Formation should be changed more frequently. Sol- 
dierly bearing on the part of the enlisted men while the com- 
pany is marching and at attention should be enforced. Extended 
order drills satisfactory, taking into consideration that there are 
many new men m ranks. Noncommissioned officers should re- 
ceive more practice in giving commands. It was apparent to 
the inspecting officer that the instruction given sentinels in 
guard duty failed to impress upon them the importance of sol- 
dierly bearing while on post, or of fully understanding and 
carrying out the general orders. Much more time at drills 
should be given to this important duty. Knowledge of arms, 
satisfactory. Personnel, very good; finances, excellent; admin- 
istration, very good. The officers are zealous and well-informed 
as to their duties. More schools should be held for noncom- 
missioned officers, a systematic line of study adopted, and 
particular attention paid to giving commands. 

The corps performed its annual tour of duty at Boxford, 
Mass., July 18-25. Percentage of attendance, 90. On Saturday 
and Sunday discipline was somewhat lax. At night there was 
disorder before and after taps. Observance of taps, with the 
exception of the first few days, was very good. Formation at 
roll call was good in all companies, showing great improvement 
over the camp of 1907. The administration of Company A in 
respect to discipline is to be commended. All the drills were 
under the direct supervision of Capt. E. C. Davis, U. S. A., 
and were well executed, making allowance for a large number 
of. recruits. A minor tactical problem was arranged by Captain 
Davis, which was interesting and instructive to the whole com- 
mand. Great improvement was shown in the work of the 
noncommissioned officers over the last camp and the armory 
inspection of 1908. The sergeants did their work well. The 
corps was without its commander, Lieutenant Colonel Spencer, 
who was unable to be present, on account of illness. Much 
credit is due him for the progress made in the corps, and it 
was regretted that he was unable to be present to witness the 
results. Major Popes was in command of the corps, and the 
inspecting officer states that the able manner in which he per- 
formed his duty as commander will reflect credit upon him. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 37 



Ambulance Company Section. 

This command performed its annual tour of duty at South 
Framingham, August 8-15. The company camped on the cavalry 
end of the field, the last cavalry stable being used for the horses. 
The camp was excellently arranged and tents well aligned. 
Quarters were kept in excellent shape during the entire duty. 
Stables, sinks, cook and mess houses very clean. The health 
was excellent throughout the week. Rations were drawn under 
the United States Army regulations, and the plan worked to 
good advantage. Uniforms were in good condition. The com- 
pany made an excellent appearance. With the exception of 
proper ambulances, the company is well equipped. The company 
is well officered, and the personnel is very good. By direction 
of the Surgeon General the work of mounted men was largely 
confined to the care of horses. Dismounted men were given 
instruction in the school for soldiers and in litter drill. Dur- 
ing the problems the men were used largely as orderlies for the 
umpires. Their lack of experience in horsemanship made the 
work rather hard for them at times, and it is only expected 
that they should act as orderlies for medical officers. The 
infantry companies in action were excellently covered by the 
litter men of the Ambulance Corps, and it is regretted that 
no plan had been made to give these men more experience in 
field work by having men on the firing line detailed to represent 
wounded men. 

Signal Corps. 

The armory inspection of this corps showed 4 officers and 56 
enlisted men present. Absentees were properly accounted for. 
The property was found in good condition, with the exception of 
the dress uniform. The corps is quartered in the South Ar- 
mory, and is cramped and crowded. Facilities for the Btorage 
and care of property under present conditions are poor. Books 
and records are well kept, but the method of auditing the corps 
accounts is not, and has not been for some time past, in con- 
formity with orders. The attention of the commanding officer 
was called to this fact. Finances are in good condition. The 
drill of the corps in infantry was good, and their knowledge of 
the technical work of signalling was intelligently exemplified. 
The commanding officer has been assigned to duty but a short 
time. He has enlisted many new men, and the drill reports 



38 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

show interest and attention to duty. There is a decided improve- 
ment in this corps. 

The corps performed its annual tour of duty at South 
Framing-ham. July 11-18. The camp was very well and con- 
veniently arranged and tents well pitched. Quarters, stables 
and adjacent ground were well policed at all times. More at- 
tention might have been paid to the neat and uniform arrange- 
ment of articles in the tents. Sinks, mess houses and cook 
houses were kept in good condition. "Some difficulty was ex- 
perienced at- first from the army ration, the cooks complaining 
that they did not get enough for all the men; but this was 
largely caused by lack of experience, and later in the week no 
fault was found. Discipline was very fair, and would have 
been better but for the large number of new men. Military 
courtesy was poor, but improved during the week. There was 
no doubt this was due to the number of new men. No guard 
Avas maintained except at the stable. A post was established in 
front of the stable in which the horses of the mounted platoon 
were quartered. Instruction was given in the various special 
lines of the work. Men showed an active interest, and did 
good work along these lines. A circuit covering several miles 
was established, over which messages were sent, part of the way 
by heliograph, part by flag signalling, part by telephone, part 
by telegraph, so that all the different methods of communica- 
tion were being used. The men cut the poles used for the 
telegraph lines, laid the wires and connected up the instruments, 
and the work was well done. 

Very respectfully, 

SAMUEL D. PARKER, 

Brigadier General and Inspector General. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 39 



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL. 



The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Judge Advocate General's Office, Boston, January 9, 1909. 

Gen'l William H. Brigham, Adjutant General, Chief of Staff, State 

House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the report of this de- 
partment for the year ending December 15, 1908. 

There have been held during this year one general court- 
martial, one court of inquir}^ and one hearing under section 72 
of the militia law. In addition, there were held twelve regi- 
mental courts-martial. 

Opinions in writing have been given upon the several matters 
that have been referred to this department. 

Very respectfully, 

WILLIAM C. SOGERS, 

Major and Judge Advocate, Acting Judge Advocate General. 



40 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL. 



The Commonwealth of -Massachusetts, 
Quartermaster General's Office, Boston, December 15, 1908. 

Brig. Gen'l W. H. Brigham, Adjutant General, Massachusetts, State 

House, Boston. 

Sir : — I hand you herewith my report as Quartermaster 
General, Massachusetts, for the year 1908, together with the 
reports of Lieut. Col. Edward Glines, Deputy Quartermaster 
General, and of Capt. E. E. Tandy, superintendent of the State 
arsenal at South Framingham. 

Transportation of troops during the year was conducted on 
the occasion of the Coast Artillery Corps and the Ninth Eegi- 
ment travelling to the coast defense stations of the regular army 
in Boston harbor, under the direction of the corps and regimental 
quartermasters; in one instance by steam railroad, and in the 
other by electric lines, the cost by electric lines being about one- 
fourth that of the steam railroad. Major Burroughs of this 
department, assigned to the First Brigade, was in charge of 
the transportation of men and property to Pine Camp, Pine 
Plains, N. Y., the regimental quartermasters being charged in- 
dividually with the property turned over to them, and receipts 
given, upon the return of said property to the State arsenal. 
This work was very instructive to all concerned, and the loss 
of property surprisingly low. 

The bonding of officers responsible for State and United States 
property has shown its value to the State by the added care 
displayed, which has resulted in a great saving to the State. 

The grounds adjacent to the State arsenal have been improved 
and made more serviceable in many ways, as will be shown by 
Captain Tandy's report; but the buildings to-day are sadly 
in need of repair, and under present conditions, inasmuch 
as the permanent buildings there will be used but little, it is 
recommended by this department that quarters suitable for one 
regiment of infantry, one battery of field artillery and two 
troops of cavalry be put in thorough repair, and such changes 
made in the sanitary arrangements as may meet with the ap- 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



41 



proval of the Surgeon General, the balance of the buildings not 
necessary to be torn down or sold for what they will bring. 

On the occasion of the Chelsea fire, the time required for 
loading the tentage complete and the necessary blankets was 
more than twice the length of time required to transport the 
above property to Everett Square, the nearest point available to 
the Everett Street playground, where these tents were placed, 
the actual time from South Framingham to Everett Square 
being two hours and ten minutes. 

It is to be hoped that the Legislature will grant permission 
to the various electric roads in the State for the transportation 
of State property, as a saving of at least 50 per cent, will be made 
in transportation bills. 

To meet an emergency and for the quick despatch of freight 
to army posts or to towns requiring sudden aid, necessitating 
the use of State property, a side track was built from the main 
line of the Boston & Worcester Eoad on Concord Avenue, di- 
rectly to the door of the State arsenal. This was done at an 
expense of $1,000, which amount will be saved within the next 
twelve months by this addition. 

The full-dress uniforms have been delivered to all organiza- 
tions, and such additional equipment as required b}^ General 
Orders, No. 23, series of 1907, not in the State's possession at 
the time of issue of order, has been purchased and issued in so 
far as State and United States appropriations would permit. 

Attached please find statement showing appropriations for 
this department, the amount expended and the balance unex- 
pended. The balance on the full-dress uniforms is still avail- 
able for further purchases. 





Appropriated. 


Expended. 


Balance. 


Salaries, Quartermaster's em- 


$7,400 00 


$7,462 42 


—$62 42 


ployees. 








Quartermaster's supplies, . 


12,000 00 


9,584 34 


2,415 66 


Quartermaster's incidentals, 


6,000 00 


3,999 57 


2,000 43 


Militia camp ground, . 


4,000 00 


2,861 25 


1,188 7.") 


New full-dress uniforms, . 


97,500 00 


90,708 08 


6,791 92 



Very respectfully. 



WM. B. EMERY, 

Brigadier General and Quartermaster General. 



42 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Quartermaster General's Office, Boston, December 15, 1908. 

Brig. Gen'l William B. Emery, Quartermaster General, Massachu- 
setts, State House, Boston. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report re- 
garding the care and maintenance of armories of the first class 
now owned exclusively by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
which by your orders were placed in- charge of the Deputy 
Quartermaster General. 

By act of the Legislature, 1907 (chapter 526, section 6), 
the following armories of the first class were taken over by 
the Commonwealth, namely: South, East, Cambridge, Somer- 
ville, Chelsea, Lynn, Gloucester, Lowell, Lawrence, Worcester, 
Haverhill, Marlborough, Springfield, Fall River, New Bedford, 
Holyoke, Fitchburg and Brockton, — a total of 18. 

The above-named armories are classified as follows : regimental 
armories (2), South and East, both situated in Boston; bat- 
talion armories (10), Cambridge, Somerville, Lynn, Lowell, 
Lawrence, Worcester, Springfield, Fall River, New Bedford and 
Fitchburg; single-company armories (6), Chelsea, Gloucester, 
Haverhill, Marlborough, Holyoke and Brockton. 

On the twelfth day of April, 1908, the new Chelsea armory, 
which had been completed but a few months, was totally de- 
stroyed by the great conflagration that devastated almost the 
entire city, laying in waste property valued at many millions of 
dollars. Accommodations for the Chelsea armory were secured 
in the G. A. R. hall, at a monthly rental of $45. 

During the year new armories were constructed to the number 
of six, and turned over to the Quartermaster General's Depart- 
ment upon the following dates, namely : Maiden, July 20 ; Wal- 
tham, September 26 ; Charlestown, October 2 ; Pittsfield, October 
26 ; Salem, November 5 ; South Framingham, December 1 : and 
are classified as follows : battalion armories, Charlestown and 
Salem; single-company armories, Maiden, Waltham, Pittsfield 
and South Framingham. 

The addition to the Worcester armory having been completed, 
the Quartermaster General's Department assumed the care and 
maintenance of same Oct. 3, 1908. 

The armory at Chelsea destroyed in the fire of April 12 is 
rapidly nearing completion, and in a few weeks will be trans- 
ferred from the Armory Commission to this department. When 
this transfer is made, the Commonwealth will own outright 24 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 43 

armories of the first class, as follows: 2 regimental; 12 bat- 
talion; 10 single-company. 

The armories enumerated above are carried upon the books 
of the treasury department at a value of $3,051,500. 

By order of His Excellency the Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief, Curtis Guild, Jr., instructions were issued in May to 
equip each and every armory with an additional flagstaff, to 
comply with the law that both the National and State flags be 
displayed. The above-mentioned command was imperative, the 
execution of which was limited to June 17, 1908. With the 
advice and consent of the Adjutant General, the Deputy Quar- 
termaster General appeared before the ways and means committee 
of the Legislature and obtained an appropriation for $3,500 
for this especial purpose ; and, while the time was very short and 
the work very perplexing, nevertheless the order was executed at 
the appointed time, and on June 17 every armory in the Com- 
monwealth within the jurisdiction of this department displayed 
both National and State flags, which are raised to the mast-head 
each morning and lowered at sunset. The cost of this extraordi- 
nary equipment was $2,722, leaving a balance of $778 to the 
credit of the Commonwealth. Each armory is provided with 
two post and two storm flags, National and State, respectively, 
with orders to display the storm flags daily except on National 
holidays, when the post flags are substituted. 

The only method of manufacturing the State flag is by paint- 
ing the coat-of-arms of Massachusetts on one side and the pine 
tree on the other, which weakens the flag by rotting the fibers 
of the bunting, so that on a stormy or very windy day the painted 
portion of the flag is easily torn. Experiments are being made 
to manufacture the State flag by weaving, and if successful, a 
great saving can be made. 

The amount of money appropriated for the care and main- 
tenance of the 18 armories was $97,500, which include- the 
special appropriation mentioned above, and the appropriation of 
$24,000 for the salaries of the armorers and assistants. The 
amount expended was $88,867.29, leaving a balance to the credii 
of the Commonwealth of $8,632.71. 

The average yearly cost of care and maintenance, exclusive 
of salaries, is as follows : — 

Regimental, $6,125 50 

Battalion, 3,673 83 

Company, 3,209 59 



44 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

In many instances it has been necessary to expend large sums 
of money to place even comparatively new armories in proper 
and safe condition, notably, the Gloucester and Haverhill ar- 
mories. By expert examination of the Gloucester armory it was 
discovered that the contractor had not complied with his specifi- 
cations in many particulars, requiring a large sum of money 
out of the appropriation for care and maintenance to remedy 
the mistakes of the builders. In Haverhill a sufficient air space 
had not been left under the building, to avoid moisture; there- 
fore, this department was compelled to excavate the entire area 
under the drill shed. This work was performed in a very 
satisfactory manner, at a cost of $4,080.70, and now the com- 
pany is provided with a mess hall which, to my mind, is equal 
to any in the Commonwealth. 

The armory at Springfield has been improved by excavation 
under the drill shed, new steel ceilings to replace the laths and 
plaster, painting and renovating, at an expense of $5,926. The 
boat house at Springfield, used by the Naval Brigade, has been 
provided with a new float, and the berth for the storage of the 
cutter has been thoroughly dredged. 

The Fitchburg armory has been thoroughly renovated, electric 
lights installed and the outside of the building pointed. 

A wireless telegraph booth thoroughly equipped has been in- 
stalled at the East armory for the accommodation of the Naval 
Brigade. 

The addition to the Lowell armory, which had been left in a 
partially completed condition by the Armory Commission, was 
placed in condition in April, at a cost of $3,013.99. 

Eifle ranges have been constructed and equipped in the Cam- 
bridge, Haverhill and Gloucester armories, and the ranges in 
the South, East and Lowell armories have been repaired and 
placed in condition for permanent use. 

By order of the Adjutant General, two company rooms on 
the third floor of the South armory were thoroughly renovated 
and equipped to accommodate the different departments not 
otherwise provided for. 

The great fire in Chelsea compelled thousands of people to 
seek shelter in Boston and vicinity. The generous people of 
greater Boston extended a warm hand of welcome and hospi- 
tality to the unfortunate victims, but nevertheless many hun- 
dreds of poor people could not be accommodated with food and 
shelter. Orders were issued to open every armory in the imme- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 45 

diate vicinity of Boston, to which the refugees nocked by the 
hundreds, especially to the South armory in Boston, the drill 
hall and battery quarters being turned into a hospital for the 
women and children for nearly two weeks, and shelter, food, 
medical attendance and clothing were supplied. Details from 
the militia were kept on duty under orders until the armory 
was restored to its normal condition. The use of the South 
armory for a place of refuge compelled the temporary erection 
of sanitary quarters and other conveniences, which added largely 
to the expense of maintenance for this particular armory, re- 
quiring the use of thousands of gallons of water and an ex- 
traordinary addition to the lighting, heating and telephone 
accounts. The expense of cleaning and thoroughly fumigating 
and renovating this armory, because of the purposes for which 
it had been used, was quite considerable. During the period 
above mentioned more than 600 women and children were fur- 
nished with food, clothing and medical attendance. 

By law the boilers must be examined by State inspectors, and 
whenever defects are reported they must be at once remedied 
before a permit will be granted to use the same. 

The cost of lighting the armories is in many instances very 
large. After careful investigation, tests and experiments, the 
Tungsten lamp has been adopted, and all armories are now 
being equipped with this style of lamp, the use of which is 
expected to save at least one-half the present cost of lighting. 

Each armory is equipped with telephone service, the expense 
of which seems abnormally large, and it is hoped that a different 
arrangement can be made in the coming year to reduce this cost 
to the minimum. Negotiations in this direction are now being 
conducted. 

It is not the policy of the Commonwealth to carry insurance 
on its public buildings; therefore, it has been deemed wise to 
equip each armory with a sufficient number of fire extinguishers, 
which have been placed in convenient locations for instant use 
should occasion or necessity require them. 

The armories of Massachusetts are scattered from Cape Cod 
to Berkshire, and have been personally inspected by the Deputy 
Quartermaster General, all of them at least once, and many of 
them several times during the year. The duty of the Deputy 
Quartermaster is a work of deep interest, requiring constant 
care and never-ending responsibility. Several hours each day 
are required to faithfully perform the duties. 



46 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

By a study of the accompanying financial statement, which is 
made a part of this report, it will be seen that extraordinary 
expenses have been necessary on the following armories, namely : 
Lowell, Gloucester, Haverhill, Fitchburg and Springfield. 
Other armories which have been constantly in use for many 
years will in the near future require extensive repairs and al- 
terations, notably, Lynn, South, East, Somerville and Lawrence ; 
and when this work is completed, all the armories of the first 
class will be in good condition. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Edward Glixes, 
Lieutenant Colonel and Deputy Quartermaster General. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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48 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 



Quartermaster General's Department, 
Massachusetts State Arsexal, South Framixgham, December 1, 1908. 

Brig. Gen'l William B. Emery, Quartermaster General, Massachu- 
setts, State House, Boston. 

Sir : — J have the honor to submit the following report of 
work done at the State camp ground and arsenal for the past 
fiscal year, by your direction. 

No repairs have been made on the- buildings on the field, 
except regrading the stables, which required considerable filling, 
this being done prior to the annual tours of duty by the mounted 
troops. 

The spring hole in rear of the brigade guard house has been 
filled, making this ground practical for drill purposes and the 
ground beyond easier of access; it is decidedly a benefit from a 
sanitary standpoint, as well as in the appearance of the, field. 

The swamp has been cleared of brush and trees, and when 
burned over will add much to the appearance of the ground in 
rear of the storehouses. Considerable grading has been done on 
the roads, especially at the entrance to the field known as the 
quartermaster's gate. A new storehouse has been erected for the 
use of the Naval Militia, and a small shop for machine and 
carpenter work, as a further precaution against fire, it being 
considered unsafe to have this work done in buildings where 
property is stored. Necessary repairs have been made in the 
superintendent's house. 

Supplies were purchased and an electric spur track constructed 
from Concord Street to the rear of arsenal and storehouses, 
for use in case of emergency and the transportation of camp 
equipment of such troops as perform their annual tour of duty 
at the harbor fortifications. AYhere this mode of transportation 
can be made the cost is reduced about one-half, as it saves ex- 
pense of teaming and handling to and from the steam road. 

A large door was broken out at the rear of the arsenal, and 
a large platform built for loading property on the cars. This 
platform will be used constantly, as it is of great assistance 
in loading and unloading the heavy freight to and from the 
arsenal. 

The following statistics of tonnage received and shipped at 
the arsenal during the past year are interesting: number of 
shipments by freight, 500; aggregate weight, 300,596 pounds, 
— about 150 tons ; number of shipments by express, 1,189. Be- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 49 

ceived from the National government, 3-1-1,986 pounds, — nearly 
1.73 tons; from sources within the State (conservative estimate), 
75 tons; also about 200 tons of camp equipage, of which about 
145 tons were transported at the expense of the government 
both ways, — assuming that the property of the First Brigade 
(83 tons) was shipped on government bills. 

The work of teaming has with few exceptions been done by 
the arsenal teams, although somewhat handicapped by too light 
horses, and wagons not well adapted for heavy work. 

Knowing the conditions here as well as you do, sir, it is 
needless for me to urge the sale of the 3.2 guns, that we may 
have the use of this building for storage of camp equipment, 
or to make any suggestions or recommendations regarding the 
work of the coming year. 

Very respectfully, 

E. F. Tandy, 
Captain and Quartermaster. 



50 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSARY GENERAL. 



The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Commissary General's Office, Bostox, November 30, 1908. 

Brig. Gen'l William H. Brigham, Adjutant General. 

General : — I have the honor to submit the report of the Sub- 
sistence Department for the year ending Xoveniber 30, 1908. 

General Orders, Xo. 2-i, A. G. O., Oct. 12, 1907, prescribed 
that in the reorganization of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia 
the Subsistence Department should consist of one commissary 
general with the rank of brigadier general, two commissaries 
with the rank of major, and three post commissary sergeants. 
Having received a new appointment under this order, and qual- 
ified, I recommended, and the Commander-in-Chief appointed, 
as the two new commissaries with the rank of major, Charles 
B. Hitchcock of Springfield and A. Preston Chase of Danvers. 
The three post commissary sergeants appointed were William 
H. Gowell, Joseph X. Willcutt and E. Everett Arnold. During 
the vear Major Hitchcock resigned, and Sergeant Willcutt was 
promoted to the vacancy; Harry E. Bowman was appointed to 
the vacancy as post commissary sergeant. 

The first duty that the department was called upon to per- 
form was on Sunday, April 12, when I received a telephone call 
at my home in Xewton, directing me to proceed at once to the 
South armory and report from there to the Adjutant General 
•for duty. I arrived at the armory at about 6 o'clock, and 
received instructions to go immediately to City Hall, Boston, 
to confer with the Lieutenant-Governor. On my arrival there 
I was directed by him to go at once to Chelsea and provide 
rations for the' troops ordered there. At the Chelsea police 
headquarters I found Colonel Xutter of the Coast Artillery 
Corps in command. The telephone service was extremely bad, 
and with only one telephone in the police station, and a hundred 
police officers, militia officers and newspaper reporters all trying 
to use it at once, there was some difficulty in communicating 
with Boston. I however finally got in touch with the stewards 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 51 

of Young's Hotel, Parker House and Hotel Touraine, and made 
arrangements for coffee and provisions sufficient for the needs of 
the troops during the night and at breakfast on Monday morning. 
I directed Capt. Guy Murchie, who had been placed at my 
disposal by Colonel Nutter, to proceed to Boston, secure wagons, 
and bring the food to Chelsea as speedily as possible. The troops 
were finally all supplied at about 11 o'clock p.m. In the mean 
time, representatives of the large grocery and provision houses 
had arrived, and contracts were made for sufficient provisions to 
last for at least forty-eight hours more. 

I wish to especially commend, for their activity and valuable 
assistance during this emergency in procuring and handling 
supplies, Maj. A. Preston Chase, commissary of Subsistence 
Department; Capt. Guy Murchie, commissary, Coast Artillery 
Corps; Lieut. Whipple F. Smith, Coast Artillery Corps; Lieut. 
Stephen B. Young, battalion commissary, Eighth Eegiment 
Infantry; also the post commissary, sergeants, Gowell, Willcutt 
and Arnold, attached to this department. 

On the 18th of April, in accordance with Special Orders, 
No. 71, A. G. 0., I detailed Maj. A. Preston Chase, commissary, 
to report to Mr. McClintock, chairman Chelsea Eelief Com- 
mittee, on Sunda}^, April 19, to take charge of the distribution 
of food to the Chelsea sufferers. He was assisted by Capt. 
Fred M. Whiting, Eleventh Company, Coast Artillery Corps; 
Capt. Edw. G. Barrett, Company A, Second Eegiment; and 
Second Lieut. Eugene H. Clapp, quartermaster and commissary. 
First Corps Cadets, who, with 20 enlisted men of that organi- 
zation, were detailed by Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, commanding 
officer. The detail of enlisted men from the First Corp.- was 
relieved by other details each week. Major Chase remained 
continuously on duty, assisted by the officers named and enlisted 
men of the First Corps Cadets, until Tuesday, May 12, at 6 
o'clock P.M. 

The report of Maj. A. Preston Chase in regard to the distribu- 
tion of the food supplies for the Chelsea Eelief Committee 
follows : — 

Danviks, Mass., May 15, 1908. 
Gen'l James G. White, Commissary General, M.V.M., Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report of the 
operation of the food supply of the Chelsea Relief Commit lee under 
my direction from April 19 to May 12, 1908, inclusive. 

In compliance with your verbal instructions, I assumed charge 



52 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

of the issue of subsistence stores, relieving Mr. A. T. Briggs, who 
was in charge. 

Capt. P. L. Whiting of the Eleventh Company, Coast Artillery 
Corps, Lieut. E. H. Clapp and a detail of 20 men from the First 
Corps Cadets, reported to me for duty on April 20, 1908. Capt. 
Edw. G. Barrett, Company A, Second Regiment, reported for duty 
April 22, 1908. 

The conditions which I found may be summarized as follows : — 

Food was furnished from Carey Avenue Church, Lincoln Hall, 
Advent Church, First Congregational Church, Spencer Avenue 
school, Salvation Army Hall, Grand Army Hall and high school 
building. The high school was the main depot, and from there all 
food supplies were sent to the various sub-stations. 

The supplies received from Mr. Briggs were turned over to me 
without invoice, and no receipts were given. No records of any 
kind were received, and no information was furnished as to the 
numbers who were being fed. 

I established my headquarters in the basement of the high school 
building, and made that the main depot of supplies. The same 
system of registration that was used in San Francisco was put in 
force. Each applicant before receiving rations was obliged to give 
his name, address before the fire, his present address and the num- 
ber of people in his family. He was then given a card bearing his 
name and address and the number of rations he was entitled to have. 
This card was good for ten days. 

The amount of rations was as follows: 1 pound meat, 1 pound 
bread, 1 pound potatoes, 2 ounces sugar, IV2 ounces coffee or tea, 
1 pint milk and 3 eggs. Other articles were substituted, in order to 
use up certain stock which was on hand at the time I took charge. 

During the first week all of the sub-stations were closed except 
Lincoln Hall and Spencer Avenue. 

Capt. F. L. Whiting was placed in charge of the Spencer Avenue 
station, and continued in charge until April 30, when the station 
was closed. 

Capt. Edw. G. Barrett was placed in charge of the Lincoln Hall 
station, and continued in charge until May 2, when the station was 
closed. 

Lieut. E. H. Clapp was placed in charge of the high school sta- 
tion, and continued in charge until April 28. 

The high school station was closed on April 27, and I moved my 
headquarters to Lincoln Hall, where I remained until May 2, when 
it was closed, and my headquarters were moved back to the high 
school. 

From May 2 to May 12 all rations were issued from the high 
school station. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



53 



The total number of cards issued was 1,335, and the average num- 
ber of persons to a card was 5. 

The following table shows the number of rations issued from the 
various stations : — 



Datb. 


High School. 


Lincoln Hall. 


Spencer Avenue. 


Totals. 


April 19, 


54 











20, 








156 


- 


- 


- 


21, 








480 


— 


450 


930 


22, 








524 


831 


698 


2,053 


23, 








773 


1,501 


810 


3,084 


24, 








618 


1,685 


828 


3,331 


25, 








775 


1,760 


847 


3,282 


26, 








400 


802 


378 


1,580 


27, 








1,001 


1,189 


787 


2,977 


28, 








594 


1,655 


938 


3,187 


29, 








527 


1,583 


848 


2,958 


30, 








487 


1,567 


766 


2,820 


May 1, . 








660 


1,571 


301 


2,532 


2, 








461 


1,520 


271 


2,252 


3, 








245 


104 


564 


913 


4, 








495 


1,054 


366 


1,915 


5, 








457 


1,013 


369 


1,839 


6, 








483 


978 


335 


1,796 


7, 








433 


886 


289 


1,608 


8, 








488 


723 


223 


1,434 


9, 








434 


760 


245 


1,439 


10, 








291 


498 


75 


854 


11, 








362 


635 


159 


1,156 


12, . 








293 


442 


121 


856 


Totals, 








11,491 


22,757 


10,648 


44,796 



Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. Prestox Chase, 
Major and Commissar//. 



The Massachusetts Eelief Committee expressed, through its 
executive secretary, Mr. Edmund Billings, its appreciation of 
the work of this department in the following words (extract 
from letter addressed to the Adjutant General) : — 

My committee wishes to thank you and the officers of your Com- 
missary Department, particularly Major Chase and his men, for the 
extremely efficient and tactful way in which they have performed 
their duties. The service has been most satisfactory in every way. 



54 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The cost of providing rations for the 2,254 enlisted men who 
performed this tour of duty was $3,814.37, or about 64 cents' 
per ration. 

I was on duty with the First Brigade from June 14 to 21 
inclusive during its tour of camp duty at Pine Plains, N. Y., 
for the purpose of observing the method of distribution of sup- 
plies by the United States Army officers. Maj. Gen'l Frederick 
D. Grant, U. S. A., commanding general, afforded me every 
facility for this purpose. 

Circular No. 1, issued by this department, gave all the 
necessary information in condensed form as to the method of 
issuing rations to the organizations of the militia which were 
on duty with United States troops. Part 2 of this circular 
also called attention to the fact that the rations to be provided 
for the National Guard, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, dur- 
ing its camp duty within the limits of the Commonwealth, 
would be United States Army ration, plus eggs and fresh milk, 
and 100 pounds of ice per day to each company. 

Circular No. 2 gave the components of the rations, and 
further information in regard to the method of drawing rations. 
Copies of these circulars accompany this report. 

The first organizations to subsist on the prescribed ration 
were the First Squadron Cavalry and the Signal Corps, which 
performed their annual tour of camp duty at the State camp 
grounds, South Framingham, Mass., July 11-18, inclusive. 
The change from the former method of subsistence necessitated 
a much larger amount of paper work than heretofore, and the 
unfamiliarity of quartermaster sergeants with the United States 
ration returns and issue slips occasioned some little confusion 
at first; but the commissary officer, with his assistants, soon 
straightened matters, and the final return of subsistence stores 
was completed with a fair degree of accuracy. The same state- 
ment applies to the encampment of the First Battalion Field 
Artillery, which, with the exception of Battery A, performed 
its tour of camp duty at South Framingham, July 18-25. 
At this encampment Maj. Joseph N. Willcutt, commissary, 
subsistence department, was on duty, and rendered much assist- 
ance to the commissary of the Field Artillery, Lieut. Nicholas 
J. Skerrett. 

The real test of the subsistence method was during the en- 
campment of the Second Brigade, which consisted of the Fifth 
Eegiment Infantry and the Ambulance Company section, 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



55 



August 7-15, inclusive. During this tour of duty Maj. A. 
Preston Chase, commissary of this department, acted as post 
commissar}-, and issued the supplies to Capt. John D. Nichols, 
commissary of the Fifth Infantry. 

The cost of rationing the various organizations of the National 
Guard, M. V. M., with the exception of the Coast Artillery 
Corps and the Ninth Eegiment Infantry, was as follows : — 







Number of 










Rations. 






At Pine Plains, N. Y. : — 










Second Regiment Infantry, 


. 


5,431 


81,565 


04 


Sixth Regiment Infantry, 


. 


5,764 


1,648 


88 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, 


. 


5,701 


1,648 


88 


First Corps Cadets, .... 


. 


2,584 


726 


62 


Fifth Regiment Infantry and Ambulance Corps, 


5,841 


2,201 


76 


Second Corps Cadets, .... 


. 


1,841 


630 


10 


First Battalion Field Artillery (excepting 


Bat- 








teryA), 


. 


2,182 


752 


60 


Battery A (detached duty at Sandwich), . 


. 


849 


330 


71 


First Squadron Cavalry and Signal Corps, 


• 


2,136 


692 


88 



It will thus be seen that the cost of a ration, as issued by 
the United States government to the Second Infantry, Sixth 
Infantry, Eighth Infantry and the First Corps Cadets, is about 
29 cents. The cost in this State, being increased by the ad- 
ditional articles, milk, eggs, and a larger allowance of butter, 
was as follows: Fifth Infantry and Ambulance Corps, 37.6 
cents; First Battalion Field Artillery, 34.4 cents; First Squad- 
ron Cavalry and Signal Corps, 32.4 cents. The cost varies 
in the different organizations on account of the variations in 
freight and transportation charges. The average cost of the 
ration for all encampments in the State was 35.8 cents, as 
against 29 cents where the rations are furnished by the United 
States government. 

The Coast Artillery Corps and the Ninth Regiment In- 
fantry performed their camp duty with the troops of the regular 
establishment at the forts in Boston harbor, and received their 
subsistence from the United States commissary officers. Battery 
A, Field Artillery, performed its tour of duty at Sandwich, 
Mass., July 18-25, inclusive; and the Second Corps Cadets at 
Boxford, Mass., July 18-25. These last two organizations were 
permitted to ration themselves, with the stipulation that only 



56 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the exact number of rations required by the number of men 
carried on the rolls would be paid for by the Commonwealth ;- 
the components of such rations to be those stipulated in Cir- 
cular No. 2 from this department, and the return of subsistence 
stores to be approved only for the quantities required for that 
number of rations at the contract price established by the Com- 
missary General. 

The tour of duty during the Chelsea fire showed that the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia was prepared for an emergency 
call in every respect except in that most important item, — the 
emergency ration. A holiday or a Sunday will always find 
the troops without provisions, and it will be difficult to secure 
them at such times, unless every company has in its armory 
one day's ration, properly sealed. By direction of the Adjutant 
General, I have caused to be stored at the State House canned 
and sealed provisions sufficient for one day's ration fo,r 1,000 
men; this will take care of any sudden call in Boston, but the 
necessity for such provision is as great in every other city or 
town where troops are stationed, especially in the larger cities 
of Springfield, Worcester, Lowell, Lawrence, Haverhill, Fitch- 
burg and Fall Eiver; therefore, in order to avoid any future 
criticism of this department on that score, I most emphatically 
recommend the purchase of an emergency ration, sufficient for 
one day, to be stored in every armory, the expense of such ration 
to be borne hj the Commonwealth. 

I recommend that any expense of transportation for pro- 
visions and supplies handled by this department be charged to 
the Quartermaster's Department. 

Very respectfully, 

JAMES G. WHITE, 

Brigadier General and Commissary General, 
Subsistence Department, National Guard, ill. V. 31. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 57 



REPORT OF THE SURGEON GENERAL. 



Surgeon General's Office, Room 259, State House, 
Boston, November 30, 1908. 

The Adjutant General, Massachusetts, State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — I have the honor to present the following report for 

the current year : — 

Camp Ground at South Framingham. 

The most important matter demanding your attention is the 
sanitary condition of the camp ground at South Framingham. 
This is at present simply disgraceful. The sinks are so near the 
kitchens that the flies constantly pass backward and forward 
between them. This means that a single case of typhoid in the 
incubation period might easily give rise to a serious epidemic. 
It is not fair to troops to expose them to this unnecessary dan- 
ger; in the present state of medical knowledge they are entitled 
to better protection. It is a significant fact, as shown by the 
sick reports, that the health of the troops is better almost any- 
where else than on this camp ground. The ground has been 
used for the past thirty years, not always with the best possible 
care, and consequently it is saturated with filth, which is prob- 
ably the cause of the prevalence of minor bowel troubles. Urine 
tubs — galvanized-iron wash tubs — should be placed in every 
company street at night. This will prevent a great deal of the 
fouling of the ground. A complete crematory plant should also 
be established for garbage. 

Some time ago a board considered the matter, and recom- 
mended that the troops be camped upon the high ground near 
the pond. This will permit of first-rate drainage, at a very 
moderate price. Nothing was done in this matter at the time, 
but I hope that later it may be taken up again. 

The windows and doors of the brigade hospital should be 
provided with screens. It is impracticable to screen the n 
houses and cook houses, but every company should take to camp 
ten yards of mosquito netting, with which all food can be 
covered. 



58 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Medical Equipment. 
In the matter of medical equipment this State is falling be- 
hind other States, which have been freely drawing on the govern- 
ment for up-to-date United States regulation material. This 
material is properly designed and packed for active service and 
transportation. Much of our old material, while suitable for 
work at South Framinghain, is cumbersome, and will not bear 
transportation. My desire is to equip our troops with the United 
States regimental dispensary. This is the simplest and most 
economical equipment suitable for a regiment in the field, and 
is designed to care for cases requiring only temporal*}' treatment, 
all more serious cases being sent to more fully equipped hos- 
pitals. I propose to use our present obsolete material in the 
camps at South Framingham as long as it is serviceable, thereby 
saving the new material. 

Important Features of This Year's Work. 

The particular features of this year's work were: (1) the 
Chelsea fire: (2) the wide dispersion of troops. 

The Chelsea fire presented certain interesting problems. For- 
tunately, there were not many accidents during the course of 
the fire, but a great body of refugees had to be cared for. These 
were crowded into various halls and churches in Chelsea, with 
insufficient ventilation and almost no toilet arrangements, thus 
providing all the conditions for an epidemic of contagious dis- 
eases. Appreciating this danger. I detailed medical officers as 
sanitary inspectors. They co-operated with the people in charge, 
helping and advising them in every possible way. As a result 
of this close supervision of the refugees, there were few cases 
of contagious diseases, and these were promptly detected and 
removed. 

As soon as the Chelsea Board of Health was able to reorganize, 
it established a contagious hospital made up of voting booths. 
After that was done I felt that the danger of epidemic was prac- 
tically ended, and the matter passed out of my hands. 

A little later some three hundred Eussian Jew refugees were 
quartered at the South armory, Boston, and this department 
was directed to care for them. I detailed Capt. Patrick F. 
Butler in command of the armory. He organized the work care- 
fully, and maintained it until the refugees were discharged, in 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 59 

about two weeks. They were fed by the Jewish charitable so- 
cieties, and other Boston charities assisted in caring for them. 

I wish to express my appreciation of Captain Butler's work; 
he had many problems to overcome, and solved them with great 
success. 

The wide dispersion of our troops in the various camps, all 
the way from Boston harbor to Pine Plains, required the issue 
of eleven field outfits at one time. These had to be made up 
as well as possible from the material on hand, and much of 
the old material used was entirely worn out when returned. Con- 
siderable such material now on hand should be condemned. 

Handling of Medical Property. 

New System. — A card system of property accounts has been 
adopted, to take the place of the old property book. It has 
proven to be a simple, though accurate, time-saving device, and 
a great improvement. 

Handling by Commands. — Some uniform system should be 
adopted by quartermasters in receiving medical property for de- 
livery to their commands. This year no two quartermasters 
used the same system, and much confusion resulted. 

Bread to be wrapped up. 

In making contracts for bread, the Commissary General should 
stipulate that every loaf should be properly wrapped in paper. 

Examinations by the Surgeon General. 

State Aid. — This year 55 men have been examined for State 
aid. All were more or less disqualified for work, and were so 
reported. 

Soldiers' Home. — Forty-four applicants for soldiers' homes 
have been examined. They were all found needing care, and 
were so recommended. 

Board of Medical Officers. 

Medical Commissions. — This Board has examined 15 candi- 
dates for medical commissions ; of these, 1 was rejected. 

Veterinaries. — Two veterinarians were physically examined 
and appointed. 

Line Officers. — The Board has examined physically 138 line 
officers; 2 were rejected and 1 passed conditionally. 



60 ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. [Jan. 



Hospital Corps. 

The Hospital Corps is not yet in satisfactory condition. It 
is a new organization, and requires much labor before it can 
be considered ready for the field. Many men in it were, pre- 
vious to the reorganization, members of the commands with 
which they were serving. As I understand it, they are now 
enlisted men of the Medical Department, and subject exclusively 
to the authority of Major Bell, except when detailed for service 
with the various commands. Some of the commanders, appar- 
ently, do not yet accept this view. The chief problem, at pres- 
ent, is the satisfactory instruction of noncommissioned officers. 
I propose to detail, this winter, additional medical officers to 
assist in this work. 

Quarters and Allowance. — The quarters of the command are 
at present insufficient, and the allowance for repairs, janitors, 
etc., is that which would be granted to an ordinary company of 
about one-third as many men. The command is thus greatly 
handicapped. This year the officers have paid out considerable 
sums from their own pockets for necessary current expenses. 

Biding Instruction. — The Hospital Corps should be put on 
the list of commands entitled to riding instruction. General 
Orders, No. 12. A. G. 0.. current series, provides for the mount- 
ing of all noncommissioned officers and a total of 37 privates as 
orderlies. In addition to this, at least 6 men should be trained 
as ambulance drivers, making a total of TT men who should 
have riding instruction. A part of this instruction should be 
in the care of the horse, namely, feeding, watering, grooming, 
saddling, bridling and harnessing, this being fully as important 
as the riding. This year a number of the noncommissioned 
officers were given a limited amount of instruction, but we were 
unable to train any privates as orderlies. 

Details. 
In accordance with Special Orders. No. 1T3. A. G. 0., the 
Surgeon General, Major Dearing and Captain Butler, attended 
the meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons, at Atlanta, 
in October, and gave special attention to matters concerning the 
Hospital Corps. It was learned that the State of New York 
is considerably in advance of Massachusetts in that respect : but 
in other respects, with the exception of medical equipment, this 
State stands as well as an v. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 61 

Examination of Medical Officers. 

A new system of instruction and examination for medical 
officers has been introduced, which I think will result in con- 
siderably raising the standard of the department. 

Very respectfully, 

CHARLES C. FOSTER, 

Surgeon General. 



62 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



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First Brigade. 
Coast Artillery Corps. 
Second Regiment Infantry. 
Second Corps Cadets. 
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Sixth Regiment Infantry. 
Ninth Regiment Infantry. 
Hospital Corps. 
Fifth Regiment Infantry. 
First Corps Cadets. 
Second Regiment Infantry. 
Ninth Regiment Infantrv. 
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Charles (J. Foster, 
Walter A. Smith. . 
Howard S. Dearing, 
Ernest A. Gates, . 
J. William Vosb, • 
Thomas L. Jenkins, 
Joseph 8. Hart, 
James K. Mc(iourty, • 
Robert E. Bell, . 
Charles H. Keene, 
William R. P. Emerson, 
A brain (J. Williams, 
Patrick P. Butler, 
George Osgood, 
Eustace L. Fiske, 
Harry II. Ilartung, 
Frederick E. Jones, 
Malcolm Seymour, 
Prank P. Williams, 
John M. Kittle, Jr.,2 . 
Frederick L. Bogan, 
Perley P. Comey, . 
Edwin P. Beaver, Jr., . 
Edwin I). Towie, . 
Dnnlap P. Penhallow, . 
Edward A. Cunningham, 
James T. Adams, . 
Henry Tolman, Jr., 

William T. Bailey, 
Robert W. Forster, 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



63 



Roster of Medical Officers, etc. — Concluded. 
Retired List. 



Name. 



Residence. 



Rank. 



Date of 
Retirement. 



Robert A. Blood, 
William H. Devine, . 
Thomas Kittredge, 
David Clark, 
Charles H. Rice, . 
Freeman C Hersey, . 
William L. Richardson, 
Charles M. Green, 
John F. Harvey, . 
George W. Mills, 
Orland J. Brown, 
William N. Decker, . 
William A. Rolfe, 
H. Lincoln Chase, 
Myles Standish, . 



Brookline, . 

Boston, 

Salem, 

Springfield, 

Fitchburg, . 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Medford, . 

North Adams, 

Concord, 

Boston, 

Brookline, . 

Boston, 



Major General, 

Major General, 

Brigadier General, 

Colonel, 

Lieutenant Colonel, 

Lieutenant Colonel, 

Lieutenant Colonel, 

Lieutenant Colonel, 

Lieutenant Colonel, 

Lieutenant Colonel, 

Major, 

Major, 

Major, 

Captain, 

Captain, 



May 


2, 


March 25, 


Jan. 


3, 


Aug. 


Hi 


March 


2, 


Sept. 


Hi 


April 


22, 


Feb. 


23, 


March 14, 


July 


14, 


Jan. 


28, 


May 


IT, 


June 


20, 


July 


26, 


Dec. 


a 



1904. 
1908. 
1894. 
1897. 
1897. 
1897. 
1899. 
1905. 
1907. 
1908. 
1899. 
1907. 
1907. 
1899. 
1901. 



64 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Appendix B. 



Catalogue of Books and Pamphlets in the Office of the Surgeon 
General of Massachusetts, Room 259, State House, Boston, 
Dec. 15, 1908. 

A. 

Ambulance Corps Drill Regulations, M. V. M., 1894. 

Anatomy, Compendium of Human (Potter), 1886. 

Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical (Gray), 1883. 

Appleton's Medical Dictionary, 1904. 

Art of subsisting armies in War (Sharpe), 1893. 

B. 

Barracks and Hospitals, with Descriptions of Military Posts, Report 

on, Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1870. 
Barton First Aid Text-book, The (Hartung), 1906. 

C. 

Care of the Sick (Billroth), 1894. 
Chemistry, Inorganic, Compendium of (Ward), 1883. 
Customs of the Service, a handbook of naval etiquette for the use 
of the Naval Militia (Dutton), 1893. 

D. 

Dictionary of Practical Surgery (Heath), 1886. 

Digest of Acts of Massachusetts relating to Massachusetts Medical 

Society, etc., 1893. 
Diseases of the Horse, issued by the United States Department of 

Agriculture, 1903. 
Drill Regulations, Ambulance Corps, M. V. M., 1895. 
Drill Regulations and Outlines of First Aid for the Hospital Corps, 

U. S. A., 1904. 
Drill Regulations, Company Bearers, M. V. M., 1897. 

E. 

Emergency and Hygiene Notes for the Militia (Devine), 1894. 
Epitome of Tripler's Manual and Other Publications on the Exam- 
ination of Recruits (Greenleaf), 1893. 
Examination of Water (LerTmann), 1903. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 65 



F. 

Farmer's Veterinary Adviser (Law), 1892. 
Field Service Regulations, U. S. A., 1905. 
First Aid in Illness and Injury (Pilcher), 1894. 
Food Inspection and Analysis (Leach), 1904. 

G. 

Gunshot Injuries (Longmore), 1895. 

H. 

Handbook for the Hospital Corps, U. S. A. (Mason), 1906. 
Handbook for the Hospital Corps, U. S. A. (Smart), 1889, 1898, 1902. 
Handbook of Subsistence Stores, for Use in the Army of the United 

States, 1896. 
Hospital and Superintendent (Fisher), 1902. 
Hospitals, Dispensaries and Nursing (Billings and Hurd), 1894. 
Hygiene (Harrington), 1905. 

I. 

Infantry Drill Regulations, U. S. A., 1891, 1899, 1904. 
Instructions for Medical Officers of United States Navy, 1873, 1886, 
1906. 

L. 

Land Forces of the United States (Lindsay), Adjutant General's 
Office, Massachusetts, 1905. 

M. 

Manual for Army Cooks, U. S. A., 1883, 1896. 

Manual for the Medical Department, United States Army, 1902, 1906. 

Manual of Ambulance Transport (Longmore), 1893. 

Manual of Bacteriology (Hewlett), .1902. 

Manual of Chemistry (Simon), 1898. 

Manual of Guard Duty, U. S. A., 1902. 

Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics (Potter), 1903. 

Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 4 volumes, 

1875. 
Medical Work of the Massachusetts Volunteer Aid Association during 

the Spanish War, 1899. 
Military and Camp Hospitals, and the Health of Troops in the Field 

(Baudens), 1862. 
Military Hygiene (Munson), 1901. 
Militia Law of Massachusetts, 1875, 1876, 1878, 1887, 1893, 1897, 1907. 



66 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



0. 
Official Army Register, U. S. A., 1866, 1886, 1894, 1901. 
Origin and Spread of Typhoid Fever in United States Military Camps 

during the Spanish War of 1898, Report on, 2 volumes, Surgeon 

General's Office, U. S. A., 1904. 

P. 

Pharmacopoeia of the United States, 1893. ' 
Physiology, Human, Compendium of (Brubaker), 1886. 
Practical Dietetics (Thompson), 1896. 
Practical Examination of Urine (Tyson), 1886. 
Practical Horseshoeing (Fleming), 1877. 
Practical Hygiene (Parkes), edited by Notter, 1891. 
Prevention of Disease in the Army, The (Keane), 1906. 
Prompt Aid to the Injured (Doty), 1902. 

R. 

Records of the Living Officers of the United States Army, 1884. 
Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts, 2 volumes, 1899. 
Regulations of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 1879, 1900. 
Reports of Military Observers attached to the Armies in Manchuria 

during the Russo-Japanese War, — Part IV., Report of Maj. 

Charles Lynch, Medical Department, General Staff, L T . S. A., 1907. 
Revised Laws of Massachusetts, 3 volumes, 1902. 

S. 

Soldier's Handbook, for Use in the Army of the United States, pub- 
lished by Secretary of War, U. S. A., 1905. 
Standing Orders in Camp for First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 1875, 1895. 
Student's Standard Dictionary, 1898. 

Supplement of the Revised Laws of Massachusetts (Peck), 1907. 
Surgery, Compendium of (Horwitz), 1885. 

T. 

Table of Distances in the United States, Published b) r Secretary of 

War, U.S. A., 1891. 
Text-book of Human Physiology, etc. (Landors and Stirling), 1886. 
Text-book of Hygiene (Rohe), 1895. 
Transport of Sick and Wounded by Pack Animals, Report on, Surgeon 

General's Office, U. S. A., 1S77. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 67 



U. 

United States Army Regulations, published by Secretary of War, 1904. 
United States Dispensatory (Wood, Remington and Sadtler), loth 
edition, 1886; 18th edition, 1899. 

V. 

Visceral Anatomy, Compendium of (Potter), 1885. 

W. 

Webster's International Dictionary, 1895. 



68 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Appendix C. 



Property List of Surgeon General -of Massachusetts, 

Dec. 15, 1908. 



Articles. 



Total on Hand. 



Ambulances, State, 

Analysis of urine, sets, 

Axes, 

Bags, hot water, . 

Bags, ice, . 

Bags, saddle, black, 

Bags, saddle, russet, U. S. A., pairs, 

Basins, agate, 

Basins, tin, 

Basins, wash, 

Baskets, large, 

Baskets, desk, 

Bedsteads, iron, 

Bits, bridle, 

Blankets, gray, single, 

Blankets, red, single, 

Blankets, rubber, 

Boards, urine analysis, 

Books, official: — 

Ambulance Report Books, 

Company Sick Report Books, 

Deaths and Interments, U. S. A., 

Diseases of the Horse, United States Agricultural 
Department, 

Doty's Prompt Aid to the Injured, 

Drill Regulations, Ambulance Company, M. V. M., 

Drill Regulations, Company Bearers, M. V. M., 

Drill Regulations, Hospital Corps, U. S. A., 

Enlistment Book, M. V. M., . 

Field Service Regulations, U. S. A., 

Files, Enlistment, U. S. A., . 

Forster's Manual, ..... 

Gray's Anatomy, ..... 

Handbook, Hospital Corps (Smart), U. S. A., . 

Hospital Fund and Return of Durable Property 
U.S.A., 

Index of Register of Patients, U. S. A., . 

Information Slip Books, U. S. A., . 

Instructions for Medical Officers, U. S. N., 



1 

1 
1 
< 2 
4 
6 
2 

20 
2 
6 
1 
4 

28 
2 
2 

65 
4 
1 

1 
7 
2 

3 

35 

223 

16 

208 

1 

1 

11 

6 

2 

12 

2 
2 
3 
1 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



69 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 


Total on Hand. 


Books, official — Con. 




Land Forces, M. V. M., .... 


3 


Letter and Order Books, U. S. A., . 




1 


Manual for Army Cooks, U. S. A., . 




1 


Manuals for the Medical Department, U. S. I 


L, '. 


69 


Mason's Handbook, U. S. A., 




50 


Medical Directory, .... 




1 


Medical Journal, U. S. N., 




1 


Meteorological Register, U. S. A., . 




1 


Military Hygiene (Munson), U. S. A., 




1 


Morning Sick Reports (medical record), . 




54 


Morning Sick Reports, U. S. A., 




1 


Pharmacy, Remington, U. S. A., . 




1 


Property Books, ..... 




92 


Property Books, large, .... 




1 


Record Books, various, 




12 


Records of Hospital Corps, U. S. A., 




1 


Records of Military History of Post, U. S. A., 




1 


Register of Patients, U. S. A., 




4 


Register, Physical Examination of Recruits, U 


is. a.; 


2 


Register, Prescription and Medical Journal, 




39 


Regulations, M. V. M., . 




18 


Regulations, U. S. A., . 




1 


Reports, Russo-Japanese War (U. S. A.), 




40 


Roll Book, M. V. M., . 




1 


Sergeant's Roll Book, .... 




1 


Service School Manual, 




1 


Soldier's Handbook, U. S. A., 




4S 


Supplement to Revised Laws of Massachusetts 




1 


Supply Order Books, U. S. A., 




2 


Table of Distances, U. S. A., 




1 


United States Dispensatories, U. S. A., . 




1 


Veterinary Inspection Books, 




32 


Veterinary Stable Books, 




81 


Veterinarv Surgeon's Daily Reports, 




2 


Week's Text-book of Nursing, U. S. A., . 




4 


Boxes, file, ..... 




28 


Boxes, letter, 










1 


Brands, 










2 


Brooms, 










4 


Brooms, whisk, 










2 


Brushes, hair, 










1 


Brushes, hand, . 






. 




53 


Brushes, horse, 










1 


Brushes, paint, 










2 


Brushes, scrub, 










4 


Brushes, shoe, 










1 


Brushes, stencil, 








2 


Brushes, throat, 








9 


Brushes, whitewash, 








6 



70 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 


Total on Hand. 


Cabinet, mahogany, 9-drawer, ..... 


1 


Cages, meteorological, complete, . 








1 


Candlesticks. .... 








16 


Cans, oil. squirt, 








1 


Cards, eye-test, .... 


- 






16 


Cases, alarm. Ambulance Company, 








1 


Cases, aluminum, 








1 


Cases, capital operating, 








1 


Cases, catheter, .... 








10 


Cases, emergency, U. S. A.. 








3 


Cases, expeditionary boat, medical, 








1 


Cases, expeditionary boat, surgical, 








1 


Cases, field operating. M. V. M., . 








29 


Cases, field operating, small, U. S. A., 








5 


Cases, leather, No. 1, . 








' 1 


Cases, leather, No. 2, . 








1 


Cases, meteorological, complete, . 








2 


Cases, pillow, .... 








124 


Cases, pocket medical, 








37 


Cases, pocket surgical, 








31 


Cases, pocket surgical, veterinary. 








3 


Cases, suit. .... 








1 


Cases, tin (Board of Medical Officers), 








1 


Cases, tin. brandy, 








12 


Cases, urinary, .... 








1 


Catheters, horse. 








2 


Chairs, folding, .... 








IS 


Chairs, wooden. .... 








13 


Chart-, anatomical, 








8 


Chests, brigade, empty. 








2 


Chests, detached service, U. S. A. (par. 


606), 






6 


Chests, emergency, 








1 


Chests, for splints. 








1 


Chests, Medical, U. S. A. (par. 608), 








6 


Chests, medicine, 








16 


Chests, reserve, .... 








16 


Chests, storage, .... 








9 


Chests, veterinary supply, . 








3 


Chisels. . . . . . 








2 


Clips, steel, . 








5 


Combs, ...... 








1 


Combs, curry. ..... 








1 


Commode chests. U. S. A. (par. '605), . 








6 


Commodes. ..... 








14 


Copyholders, ..... 








1 


Corkscrews, ..... 








2 


Cots, Gold Medal, .... 








39 


Covers, Massachusetts kit, . 








67 


Covers, mattress, canvas, 








26 


Crutches, pairs, . . 








6 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



71 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 



Total on Hand. 



Cups, 

Cups, collapsing, 

Cuspidors, iron, . 

Cuspidors, tin, . 

Cutters, wire, 

Diagnosis tags, U. S. A., 

Dies, for letter head, 

Dippers, 

Droppers, eye, . 

Dusters, iodoform, 

Faucets, brass, . 

Faucets, wooden, 

Files, common, iron, 

Files, examination of recruits, 

Files, letter and order, Shipman, 

Files, standard letter, 

Files, tin box, 

Flags, red cross, 

Forceps, dentists', 

Forceps, surgeons', 

Forks, hay, 

Forks, table, U. S. A., 

Funnels, 

Glasses, Dietz red lantern, U. S. A., 

Glasses, Dietz white lantern, U. S. A., 

Glasses, graduate, 

Glasses, magnifying, . 

Glasses, medicine, 

Hammer, hand, . 

Harnesses, double sets, 

Hatchets, . 

Holders, mucilage, 

Holders, pen, 

Holders, spring-back, . 

Ink wells., . 

Ink wells and stands, . 

Knives, Hospital Corps, with scabbards, U. S 

Knives, table, with scabbard, U. S. A., 

Ladders, step, 

Lamp, glass, alcohol, . 

Lanterns, ambulance, . 

Lanterns, Dietz, U. S. A., 

Lanterns, red, 

Lanterns, square, 

Lanterns, tubular, 

Letter-openers, . 

Litters, Massachusetts, halves, 

Litters, with slings, U. S. A., 

Machines, punching, . 

Mallets, .... 



A, 



33 

1 

14 

2.1 

4 

100 

1 

11 

1 

2 

3 

4 

1 

10 

36 

11 

4 

14 

6 

5 

1 

1 

4 

3 

6 

3 

1 

1 

4 

1 

1 

2 

25 

(i 

2 

2 

ii 7 ; 
l 

2 

l 

2 

(i 
I 

<i 

1.") 

1 

71 

67 

1 

-> 



72 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 


Total on Hand. 


Mattresses, ........ 


17 


Measures, tape, ........ 


13 


Mimeographs, ........ 


1 


Mirrors, head, ........ 


1 


Mortar and pestles, . . . ... 


1 


Packets, first aid, metallic, U. S. A., .... 


148 


Pads, blotter, ........ 


3 


Pads, rubber stamp, ....... 


6 


Pails, garbage, ........ 


20 


Pails, water, ........ 


23 


Pans, bed, ........ 


8 


Pans, frying, ........ 


1 


Pens, ruling, ........ 


1 


Photographs, miscellaneous, framed, .... 


21 


Pillows, ......... 


, 73 


Pitchers, water, . . . . . . . 


22 


Plates, ......... 


4 


Plates, tin, ........ 


59 


Poles, flag,. ........ 


14 


Pots, coffee, . . 


1 


Pouches, Ambulance Company duty, with straps, . 


48 


Pouches, Hospital Corps, U. S. A. (par. 617), 


17S 


Pouches, medical officer's orderly, M. V. M., complete, . 


31 


Pouches, medical officer's orderly, empty, M. V. M., 


1 


Pouches, medical officer's orderly, complete, U. S. A. 




(par. 618), 


16 


Probangs, bristle, ....... 


2 


Racks for urinary test tubes, ..... 


1 


Racks, stamp, ........ 


1 


Rakes, ......... 


2 


Rests, arm, ........ 


1 


Ptods, measuring, height, ...... 


3 


Rollers, bandage, ....... 


1 


Rules, ......... 


2 


Saws, hand, . . . 


1 


Scales, letter, ........ 


1 


Scales, platform, complete, ...... 


4 


Scales, platform, complete, with measuring rod, height, . 


1 


Scales, pocket, ........ 


1 


Scissors, pairs, . . . ' . 


45 


Scissors, surgeon's, pairs, ...... 


4 


Screens, . ... . 


1 


Seals, Surgeon General's, ...... 


1 


Sheets, bed, ........ 


156 


Shoyels, ......... 


1 


Shoyels, fire, ........ 


1 


Signs, office, ........ 


1 


Skeletons, with stands, ...... 


1 


Slings, litter, leather, ....... 


1 


Slings, litter, Massachusetts, ...... 


53 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts — Con. 



Articles. 


Total on Hand. 


Slings, litter, U. S. A., 


50 


Slings and cases, horse, 








1 


Spatulas, .... 








8 


Specula, ear, 








1 


Specula, nose, 








1 


Splints, various, 








10 


Spoons, table, 








1 


Spoons, tea, 








25 


Spoons, medicine, 








2 


Stamps, rubber, 








21 


Stamps, steel, . ... 








14 


Stands, small, round, . 








6 


Stands, toilet, complete, 








38 


Statues, Mercury, 








1 


Stencils, .... 








2 


Stethoscopes, 








3 


Stools, camp, 








10 


Stoves, alcohol, . 








2 


Straps, small leather, . 








32 


Stretchers, 








1 


Surgical dressings, U. S. A. (boxes 


), (pa 


r. 602), 




6 


Syringes, Davidson, 








1 


Syringes, fountain, 








2 


Syringes, hypodermic, 








28 


Syringes, hypodermic, veterinary, 








3 


Syringes, various, 








3 


Tables, folding, . 








16 


Tables, round, 








14 


Tables, square, . 








6 


Tanks, ice, .... 








1 


Tents, hospital, . 








1 


Tests, color blindness (Holmgren) 








1 


Thermometers, tin, 








6 


Towels, .... 








L82 


Trays, enamelled, 








3 


Trays for orderly pouches, . 








5 


Trusses, .... 








4 


Tubs, wooden, . 








4 


Tumblers, glass, 








L6 


Typewriters, Underwood, 








1 


Units, bedding and clothing, U. S. 


A. (par. 621), 




L2 


Units, field furniture, U. S. A. (pa 


r. 622), 




6 


Urinals, .... 






19 


Urinometers, with glasses, . 








1 


Valises, hand, 








1 


Weights, paper, . 








1 


Whips, .... 








1 


Wicks, lantern, U. S. A. (dozen), 








:; 


Wraps, outfit, canvas, 








3 


Wrenches, monkey, 








2 



74 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE ACTING PAYMASTER GENERAL. 



Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
Pay Department, Boston, December 24, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General, The State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to hand you herewith a report of the 
Pay Department of the National Guard, M. V. M., from the estab- 
lishment of the department, November 15, 1907, to the end of the 
current fiscal year December 1, 1908. 

The operation of the department has proceeded smoothly 
throughout the year. All schedules have been disbursed to the 
various paymasters assigned to different organizations, the day 
that checks for the same were received from the State Treasurer. 
As all paymasters have received instructions to promptly disburse 
funds as soon as received by them, this has led to the funds reaching 
their ultimate recipients at the earliest possible moment, and at a 
materially earlier date than the same has been received by them in 
the past. 

A much closer check is possible upon the disbursements, as all 
funds are now kept in one national bank in Boston, and each 
paymaster is supplied with a Pay Department form of voucher 
check by which all disbursements must be made by him. The 
monthly reports of the bank to the Assistant Paymaster General 
give a clear check upon the promptness and thoroughness of the 
disbursements by the different paymasters. 

The books of the Pay Department show on the one hand the 
purposes for which the various sums received from the State are 
used, and, on the other hand, the various organizations which con- 
sume the same. 

After a year of operation of the Pay Department, I am satisfied 
that the existence of the department is of distinct benefit to the 
militia; and, inasmuch as the present method of conduct seems to 
operate smoothly, I have no recommendations of any changes to 
make. 

Very respectfully, 

CHARLES HAYDEN, 

Colonel and Assistant Paymaster General, 
Acting Paymaster General. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



75 



Disbursements during First Year (Total, 
Militia pay and allowances (sundry), 
Militia pay and allowances (encampment), 
Militia transportation (sundry), 
Militia transportation (encampment), 
Military expenses at Chelsea fire, 
Allowance to headquarters, 1907, 
Allowance to headquarters, 1908, 
Company armorers, 1907, 
Company armorers, 1908, 
Repairs to clothing, 1907, 
Repairs to clothing, 1908, 
Adjutant's allowance, 
Military instruction, 
Rifle practice, 

Incidentals, .... 
Uniforms of officers, 
Responsibility, care of property, 
Instruction in riding, 
Military accounts, 

Total, .... 



$248,181.81). 

$21,142 33 

114,961 57 

7,724 30 

1,360 96 

17,024 69 

3,755 00 

3,450 00 

11,875 00 

11,000 00 

11,824 00 

11,684 93 

590 00 

883 01 

7,094 94 

23 80 

16,297 13 

4,471 55 

2,720 00 

298 60 

$248,181 81 



Disbursements by Paymasters during Fiscal Year 

Col. Charles Hayden, 
Capt. Horace B. Parker,. 
Capt. Archibald C. Edson, 
Capt. James C. Barr, 
Capt. Charles T. Dukelow, 
Capt. Alfred M. Blinn, . 
Capt. John P. Kane, 
Capt. Colby T. Kittredge, 
Capt. Alfred J. Rowan, . 
Capt. Joseph A. Smith, . 
Capt. Charles P. Vaughn, 
Lieut. Milton I. Deane, . 



(Total, $248,181.81), 

$7,558 17 

44,165 72 

27,465 98 

29,037 31 

27,016 82 

14,914 29 

24,612 97 

25,655 27 

9,651 !).') 

23,630 69 

9,123 22 

5,349 42 



Total, 



S24S.1SI M 



76 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Disbursements, 1908 Encampment. 





Compensation. 


Transportation. 


Totals. 


Coast Artillery Corps, . 


$16,269 74 





$16,269 74 


Signal Corps, 


1,669 09 


$52 08 


1,721 17 


Ambulance Corps, 


1,708 42 


64 24 


1,772 66 


Second Regiment, 


13,353 82 


- 


13,353 82 


First Brigade headquarters, . 


1,071 12 


- 


1,071 12 


Fifth Regiment, . 


12,851 05 


853 12 


13,704 17 


Sixth Regiment, 


13,612 59 


- 


13,612 59 


Eighth Regiment, 


13,450 86 


- 


13,450 86 


Second Brigade headquarters, 


990 21 


12 44 


1,002 65 


Ninth Regiment, . 


12,053 54 


- 


12,053 54 


First Squadron Cavalry, 


9,678 59 


21 12 


9,699 71 


Field Artillery, . 


8,935 72 


63 96 


8,999 68 


First Corps Cadets, 


4,596 10 


- 


4,596 10 


Second Corps Cadets, . 


4,720 72 


294 00 


5,pi4 72 


Totals, 


$114,961 57 


$1,360 96 


$116,322 53 



Draft Horses 
Field Artillery draft horses, 



Drawn on Schedule. 



$8,384 00 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



77 



EEPOET OF THE ACTING CHIEF OF ORDNANCE. 



Headquarters Ordnance Department, 
South Armory, Irvington Street, Boston, December 31, 1908. 

Brig. Gen'l William H. Brigham, Adjutant General. 

Sir: — In the absence of the chief of this department, I have 

the honor to submit the report of small arms work for the year 

ending Dec. 31, 1908. 

Efficiency, 1908. 
The following table summarizes the work of the year: — 

Marksmen in service October 31, . . . .5,108 

Unqualified officers and men in service October 31, . 559 



Aggregate strength, 



5,667 



The return of unqualified officers and men for 1907 and 1908 
is given for the purpose of comparison 

Coast Artillery Corps, 

Second Infantry, 

Fifth Infantry, 

Sixth Infantry, 

Eighth Infantry, . 

Ninth Infantry, 

First Corps Cadets, 

Second Corps Cadets, 

Naval Brigade, 

First Squadron Cavalry, 

Signal Corps, 

First Brigade staff, 

General staff and staff departments, 

Honorable Mention. 

Companies having the maximum legal enrollment, and who 
qualified every officer and man: — 

Coast Artillery Corps, Fifth, Sixth and Ninth compani 

Second Infantry, Company F. 

Fifth Infantry, Company E. 

Sixth Infantry, companies E, F, H, I and K. 

Eighth Infantry, companies C, E and F. 



1907. 


1908. 


94 


62 


313 


239 


46 


20 


4 


- 


82 


29 


226 


133 


10 


- 


13 


20 


26 


26 


18 


3 


- 


13 


6 


2 


- 


12 



78 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Companies having less than full legal enrollment, and who 
qualified every officer and man: — 

Coast Artillery Corps, Fourth Company. 

Second Infantry, Company G. 

Fifth Infantry, companies A, G, H and L. 

Sixth Infantry, companies A, B, C, D, G, L and M. 

Eighth Infantry, companies A, I, K and M . 

Ninth Infantry, companies L and M. 

First Corps Cadets, companies A, B, C and D. 

Naval Brigade, companies A, B, G and H. 

Forty companies qualified every officer and man. 

Qualification Requirements. 
The qualification requirements for the year were those laid 
down under Class C, Small Arms Firing Regulations, U.,S. A., 
1906. 

Figure of Merit. 

The figure of merit for 1908 is 101.18. 











1906. 


1907. 


1908. 


Coast Artillery Corps, . . 92.24 


8.5.50 


94.94 


Second Infantry, 








. 52.68 


59.97 


63.97 


Fifth Infantry, . 








86.39 


95.80 


101.28 


Sixth Infantry, . 








103.51 


115.27 


129.32 


Eighth Infantry, 








106.97 


98.20 


116.82 


Ninth Infantry, . 








57.58 


61.73 


76.26 


First Corps Cadets, 








142.14 


145.27 


146.15 


Second Corps Cadets, 








84.69 


98.45 


106.38 


Naval Brigade, . 








95.34 


105.33 


112.03 


First Squadron Cavalry 








95.34 


90.20 


112.32 



Consolidated figure of merit, 



87.52 90.88 101.18 



Decorations and Trophies. 

The usual engravings and cups have been awarded to the winning 
teams in the State, regimental and battalion competitions; also 
the customary medals and cups to the individual prize winners. 
These, with the qualification badges, bars and buttons, make an 
aggregate of 7,810 prizes and decorations. 

Pistol Practice. 
Nine hundred and eighty officers and men have been returned 
to this office as qualified with the pistol, up to this date, and there 
are a few returns yet to be received. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



79 



State Rifle Competition. 
The annual State rifle competition was held on the ran^e of the 
Bay State Military Rifle Association, at Reading, Mass., Septem- 
ber 18 and 19, under the personal direction of Col. John Caswell, 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 



Scores made in Tri-color Competition 



Fifth Infantry, 
Coast Artillery Corps, 
Second Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
Naval Brigade, 
Second Corps Cadets, 



2,133 
2,077 
2,073 
2,059 
2,020 
2,012 
1,963 
1,916 
1,828 
1,691 



Scores made in the "Douglas Trophy" Match. 

Sixth Infantry, 1,139 

Fifth Infantry, 972 

First Corps Cadets, ...... 953 

Coast Artillery Corps, . . . . . .917 

Eighth Infantry, . . . . . . .917 

Second Infantry, ....... 833 

Ninth Infantry, ....... 758 

Naval Brigade, ....... 754 

First Squadron Cavalry, . . . . .731 

Second Corps Cadets, . . . . . .681 



Comparative Scores made in the Tri-color Match. 

1907. 

Sixth Infantry, 2,038 

First Corps Cadets, 



Coast Artillery Corps, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Second Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
Naval Brigade, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
First Squadron Cavalry, 



1,877 
1,857 
1,850 
1 ,823 
1,792 
1,761 
1.720 
1,692 
1,549 



1808. 

2,059 

2,012 

2,077 

2,020 

2,133 

2,073 

1,916 

1,828 

1,691 

1,963 



80 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Comparative Scores made in "Douglas Trophy" Match. 



Fifth Infantry, 
Coast Artillery Corps, 
Sixth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Infantry, . 
Eighth Infantry, . 
Naval Brigade, 
Second Corps Cadets, 



1907. 


1908. 


1,076 


972 


994 


917 


990 


1,139 


980 


953 


947 


833 


931 


917 


863 


754 


814 


681 



Pistol Competition. 

The pistol competition was held on September 23, and there 
were 5 prizes awarded. 

Prize Winners. 

First. — Sergt. F. M. Libby, Troop D, First Squadron Cavalry; 
score, 281. 

Second. — Capt. William R. Murphy, Ordnance Department; 
score, 269. 

Third. — Lieut. George Faber, staff Sixth Infantry; score, 259. 

Fourth. — Capt. Stuart W. Wise, Ordnance Department; score, 
258. 

Fifth. — Q. M. Sergt. E. A. Cox, Company B, Sixth Infantry; 
score, 248. 

Regimental and Corps Competition. 

Company teams of 10; 5 shots each at 200, 300 and 500 yards; 
possible score, 750 points. 

Coast Artillery Corps. — September 17. Winning team, head- 
quarters, Boston; score, 617. 

Second Infantry. — October 17. Winning team, Company B 
of Springfield; score, 646. 

Fifth Infantry. — September 7. Winning team, Company G of 
Woburn; score, 637. 

Sixth Infantry. — No report. 

Eighth Infantry.- — September 18. Winning team, Company 
H of Salem; score, 634. 

Ninth Infantry. — October 9. Winning team, Company M of 
Lowell; score, 599. 

First Corps Cadets. — October 17. Winning team, Company A 
of Boston; score, 640. 

Second Corps Cadets. — October 13. Winning team, Company 
B of Salem; score, 563. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



81 



Naval Brigade. — October 15. Winning team, Company H of 
Springfield; score, 599. 

First Squadron Cavalry. — September 17. Winning team, Troop 
D of Roxbury; score, 576. 

In addition to the regimental and corps competitions, a new 
match was added this year, — a competition between the winning 
teams of each organization in the above matches. Nine teams 
entered this match, viz. : — 



200 
Yards. 



300 
Yards. 



500 
Yards. 



Total. 



Company H, Eighth Regiment, 
Company B, Second Regiment, 
Company K, Sixth Regiment, 
Company A, First Corps Cadets, . 
Headquarters, Coast Artillery Corps, 
Company G, Fifth Regiment, 
Company M, Ninth Regiment, 
Company B, Second Corps Cadets, 
Troop D, First Squadron Cavalry, 



. 187 


205 


223 


. 199 


199 


216 


187 


204 


219 


. 177 


198 


221 


173 


196 


223 


. 180 


189 


211 


165 


182 


191 


169 


182 


174 


. 165 


172 


166 



615 
614 
610 
596 
592 
580 
538 
525 
503 



There was great interest throughout the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia in this competition, and I am of opinion that it should be 
made an annual event. This match was held on October 31, and 
was won by Company H, Eighth Regiment. Weather conditions 
were very severe, the day being very cold, with a high wind; in 
consequence of this, a comparison of the scores made by the teams 
in this match with the ones made by the same companies in the 
previous matches would be of no value. 

The only organizations to make returns of small arms work, 
according to General Orders, No. 6, A. G. O., were: — 

Quartermaster General. 

Coast Artillery Corps, Second, Fourth and Sixth companies. 

Second Infantry, companies B, C, I and L. 

Fifth Infantry, headquarters, and companies A, B, C, D, E, G, 
H, I, K, L and M. 

Sixth Infantry, companies A, B, E, H, I and K. 

Eighth Infantry, headquarters, and all companies. 

Ninth Infantry, companies E, G, I, K and M. 

First Corps Cadets, headquarters, and all companies. 

Second Corps Cadets, headquarters, and companies A, B and C. 

Naval Brigade, companies E, G and I. 

First Squadron Cavalry, headquarters, and troops A and I). 

Ordnance Department. 



82 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Team in the National Competition. 

The score made by the Massachusetts team in the National match, 
held at Camp Perry, O., was as follows: — 

200 yards, 492 

600 yards, 521 

800 yards, 530 

1,000 yards, - . . .458 

Rapid fire : — 

200 yards, . 429 

Skirmish, '.626 



Total, 3,056 

I desire to call attention to the scores made by all regimental 
and battalion teams in the annual State competition, which was 
held on the range at Reading, Sept. 18 and 19, 1908. The com- 
parative total shows that the scores made by all but one team were 
much higher than those made in 1907, it being 1,813 points more 
than that of the previous year. 

This is accounted for, partially, in the improvement of the arm 
used, the new Springfield model 1903 being used in this year's 
shoot, while Krag model 1898 was used last year. Another factor 
was the weather conditions, which were very nearly ideal this year. 
But greater than both of these combined was the increased effort 
of the various regiments to improve their standing in this annual 
competition. 

Two very remarkable scores were made, each of which I believe 
to be a record for the distances, that of the Fifth Infantry, 563 at 
600 yards, and that of the Eighth Infantry, 573 at 800 yards. In 
the latter team three members made perfect scores of 50, viz.: 
Private William F. Abbott; Sergt. L. Seavey; Private J. W. 
Mclnnis. 

The highest individual score for the entire competition, made by 
Capt. Maurice W. Parker, viz., 190 (an average of 47^ out of a 
possible 50 at all .ranges), is, I think, a record for an individual 
in a competition at these distances. Corp. Frank H. Keene, Com- 
pany G, Fifth Infantry, with 186, was the next highest. 

The work of qualification was considerably handicapped this 
season by the exchange of arms, the new rifle not being received 
by many of the troops until about July 1. Those who did receive 
them earlier received no ammunition for this model, and as none 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 83 

was issued for the Krag rifle, the real work of qualification did 
not begin until about the 1st of July. Under these circumstances, 
I consider the results obtained as being very creditable to the 
officers and men who did the work. 

Recommendations. 

I believe that the annual item of expense for ammunition is much 
larger than is necessary, and I recommend that the matter of indoor 
shooting during the winter months be taken up by this department, 
and some systematic method of conducting this work be arranged. 

I believe that a less expensive cartridge might be used with 
practically as good results for ajl qualifications up to and including 
500-yard range; and I recommend that this department be author- 
ized to make investigation and conduct experiments, at an expense 
not to exceed $300, to ascertain which is the most desirable car- 
tridge for use at these distances. 

A large number of men are sent to the range at Reading for rifle 
practice without any instructor, and I am of opinion that the 
Commonwealth should furnish a competent officer to act as in- 
structor during the entire rifle season on this range, and I so recom- 
mend. 

Some experience in firing with the .22 caliber musket should be 
required of every recruit before he is allowed to use the model 
1903 arm. If there are not sufficient accommodations in the 
armories, I recommend that a number of .22 caliber rifles be kept 
by this department on the range at Reading, and that all recruits 
who have not fired be required to make a certain percentage at 
50 yards with this rifle before they are allowed to begin the regular 
qualifications. 

I feel sure that were the chief of this department directing this 
report he would desire me to express to the Commander-in-Chief, 
and to you, sir, his appreciation of the hearty support and co- 
operation of the higher authorities in all his efforts to advance the 
efficiency of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia in small arms 
work, and I have the honor to state that my own experience would 
lead me to endorse his sentiments most heartily. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JOHN M. PORTAL, 

Major, Acting Chief of Ordnance. 



84 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS. 



Everett, Mass., January 7, 1909. 
To the Adjutant General) Chief of Staff, State House, Boston. 

Sir: — 1 have the honor to submit, in reply to letter calling my 
attention to delinquency in not filing report as required by chapter 
604, Acts of 1908, that, not being assigned to duty in either the 
Signal or Engineering Corps, but awaiting the pleasure of the 
Board of Examiners, it would hardly seem correct for me to assume 
that I was under obligation to write a report, while, you understand, 
I should consider it my duty and esteem it a pleasure to fulfill all 
requirements. I may be amiss in theorizing as I do the law. How- 
ever, with reference to the report, may add that the engineering 
department of last year seems to have been non est so far as detailing 
or duty is concerned, according to statements of Captain Gilman; 
therefore, it would appear there is nothing I could offer concerning 
the department. 

It is my purpose to be in Boston shortly, and will call to discuss 
subject matter, and for the purpose of ascertaining your views 
with relation to future work. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

CHRISTOPHER HARRISON, 

Major, Acting Chief of Engineers. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 85 



REPORT OF THE CHIEF SIGNAL OFFICER. 



Tufts College, Mass., December 30, 190^. 

Brig. Gen'l Wm. H. Brigham, Adjutant General, State House, Boston, 

Mass . 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report on the 
work of the Signal Corps for the year 1908. 

Careful attention has been given routine work. The attendance 
at drills has been good, and the men have shown an increasing 
interest. The work of the Signal Corps is attractive, and we have 
more applications for enlistment than we have vacancies. During 
the year the provisional drill regulations for Signal Corps troops, 
published by the War Department, were introduced. 

The crowded condition of the floor in the South armory on 
Tuesday evenings has interfered with the practice with the various 
devices used for signalling. It was not deemed advisable to attempt 
to overcome this difficulty by work out of doors in the neighborhood 
of the armory, because of the crowded condition of the streets. 
Great good would result if the corps were so located that drill 
work in signalling could be done largely out of doors, and as much 
as possible under service conditions. 

The duties of the signal man are so many and varied that every 
effort possible must be made to make good use of the time set aside 
for drill. In addition to the regular drill periods, it is necessary 
for the man who would become proficient in his work to give extra 
time to practice. This is done during the spring by many of the 
members of the corps, who devote Sundays and holidays to the 
work. When it is remembered that, in addition to a knowledge of 
the drill regulations (and, as twenty men are mounted, they must 
be made familiar with the drill for mounted troops), the signalman, 
to be efficient, must know his guard manual, perfect himself on 
the rifle and pistol range, know flag, torch, heliograph, telephone, 
telegraph and wireless signalling, be able to make camp, select 
stations, take care of his horse, prepare his food, build telegraph 
and telephone lines, and in addition to all this be prepared to 
defend himself in action, — it is plain that no member of the corps 
should be idle on drill night for lack of something to do. 



86 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

During the year the corps has paraded twice, — on Memorial 
Day and on the 17th of June. On Memorial Day it served as 
escort to the Everett Post, G. A. R. In April a detail was on duty 
in Chelsea, and on April 19 all men not on this duty spent the day 
in practice work along the shore, establishing stations from Nahant 
to Winthrop. 

Last spring ten telegraph sets were obtained on requisition, and 
wired up on a large table which the corps had built. Since this 
installation was made a telegraph squad has been able to practice 
under the direction of a competent instructor every drill night. 

In the early part of the year the corps was armed with rifles 
which were, directly after camp, exchanged for the new Spring- 
field. The effect of this additional equipment was most gratifying, 
and although but two soldiers had had previous practice at the 
rifle range, we were able to qualify over 75 per cent, of the men. 

I earnestly recommend that we be supplied with two complete 
wireless telegraph field sets. The superiority of this method of 
signalling over the old method is unquestioned. The fact that it 
is available for use night or day, and without regard to the weather, 
makes it a most important part of the Signal Corps apparatus. We 
have recently enlisted a man who is not only an operator, but who 
understands the construction of this sort of apparatus in all its 
details. I would further recommend that the corps be supplied 
with a cart with a reel attached. 

I desire to thank you, sir, for your interest in this department 
of the service, and the readiness with which you have met the 
recommendations which have been made. 

Very respectfully, 

HARRY G. CHASE, 

Captain and Chief Signal Officer. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 87 



REPORT OF THE COAST ARTILLERY CORPS. 



Headquarters Coast Artillery Corps, 
Boston, Mass., December 15, 190S. 

Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir: — In accordance with military law, 1908, I have the honor 
to submit the following report of the work pex'formed by the Coast 
Artillery Corps, Massachusetts, from January 1, 1908, to December 
15, 1908. 

On the evening of January 29, 1908, the corps was assembled at 
the South armory, Boston, for drill, and the ceremonies incident to 
the presentation of long-service decorations, marksmanship medals 
and trophies won by the men during the year 1907. The drill was 
necessarily limited by the floor space available, but the ceremonies 
were complete and well executed. The custom of calling officers 
and men to the front, before the entire corps, to receive their 
trophies, with words of commendation from some high officer, I 
believe to be of great value, as it gives added worth to the trophies, 
and acts as a spur for others to try for equal if not greater honors. 

On Sunday, April 12, 1908, at 6 p.m., I received telephonic 
orders from you to assemble my command in their respective 
armories and await further orders. These orders were confirmed 
by telegraph at 7.10 P.M. In the mean time, the companies wore 
being assembled as rapidly as possible; but owing to the fact that 
it was Sunday, and many of the officers and men of the local com- 
panies were at the conflagration in Chelsea, coupled with the Pad 
that communications were almost entirely cut off, the companies 
were slower in assembling than I could wish. 

The following table shows the hour at which each company was 
assembled at its armory ready to start, the hour it left armory, 
the number actually reporting at first assembly, the Dumber of 
men on duty at midnight, and the number on duty the following 



morning: 



88 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Company. 


Hour 

Company 

assembled 

at Armory 

and was 

ready to 

start. 


Hour 
Company 
actually 

left 
Armory. 


Officers 

and Men 

at First 

Assembly. 


Officers 
and Men 

at Chelsea 
at 

Midnight. 


Officers 
and Men 
on duty 
Chelsea 

Next 
Morning, 
April 13. 


Hour at 
which Four 

" Cape " 
Companies 

were 
dismissed. 




P.M. 


P.M. 








P.M. 


Headquarters, 
First, . 


7.00 
7.50 


8.00 

10.15 


6- 
3-21 


6- 
3-50 


11- 2 

3-50 




Second, 




8.30 


8.30 


3-36 


3-37 


3-57 




Third, 




8.30 


8.30 


1-49 


' 1-56 


1-58 




Fifth, . 




2.10 


2.10 


3-63 


3-63 


3-63 




Sixth, . 




8.45 


9.15 


2-31 


3-49 


3-59 




Seventh, 




8.30 


8.30 


3-34 


3-39 


3-48 




Eighth, 




5.00 


8.30 


3-52 


3-52 


3-58 




Eleventh, 




7.45 


8.30 


2-24 


3-32 


3-44 




Fourth, 




9.18 


- 


3-44 


- 


- 


9.30 


Ninth, 




7.40 


- 


3-49 


- 


- 


9.50 


Tenth, . 




9.00 


- 


3-53 


- 


- 


10.00 


Twelfth, 


• 


8.40 


- 


3-59 


- 


- 


10.10 

1 


Totals, . 




- 


- 


38-515 


28-378 


33-437 


- 



I know of no better way to express my opinion of the work per- 
formed than to quote the first paragraph of General Orders, No. 6, 
issued by me from corps headquarters, under date of April 21, 
1908: — 

1. The commanding officer desires to compliment the officers and 
men of this command who reported for duty at Chelsea during the 
recent conflagration for the excellent service performed by them, 
and for the high standard of intelligence and discipline maintained 
throughout the various commands while under the stress of the 
emergency which they were suddenly called upon to confront. 

For more complete details I respectfully refer to my previous 
report on the "Chelsea fire," and military work incident thereto. 

Under General Orders, No. 7, A. G. O., Mass., current series, 
and in accordance with General Orders, No. 44, AVar Department, 
current series, General Orders, Nos. 8, 9, 10, 11, Artillery District 
of Boston, Mass., current series, the corps performed its camp duty 
and annual drill at the fortifications in Boston harbor June 21-30 
inclusive. This was a ten-day tour, eight of which were ordered 
and paid for by the State, while the United States government 
allowed transportation, subsistence and United States pay for ten 
days, officers and men volunteering for the two additional days 
without expense to the State. The transportation was under the 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 89 

immediate control of Capt. Guy Murchie, corps quartermaster, 
who arranged all the details with and for the Quartermaster's 
Department, United States Army, and, with the assistance of the 
battalion quartermasters, executed them promptly and efficiently; 
and I feel that these officers are to be commended for perform- 
ing this trying work in such an intelligent and capable manner. 
The only delays were experienced by the Fourth, Ninth, Tenth 
and Twelfth companies, due to their troop train being derailed. 
However, all arrived in camp by 12 o'clock noon, and by evening 
the entire command was settled in quarters and ready for the work 
ordered by the District commander, consisting of gun drills, in- 
cluding range and communication details, sub-caliber and service 
target practice at fixed targets, and the ceremonies incidental to 
camp life. 

The use of our allowance of service ammunition for calibration 
firing was objected to by myself and officers ; but, as that was what 
had been ordered, there was nothing else to be done. No one 
questioned the value of the calibration tests, but all felt that it 
should have been done by the regular troops, and with government 
ammunition, not with the ammunition allotted to Massachusetts. 
Then, again, as the work was in the hands of the calibration board, 
made up entirely of regular officers, much of the interest and en- 
thusiasm usually manifest in this important part of our work was 
lacking. 

Rations were drawn from the United States government on 
regular returns, and in most cases supplemented from the com- 
pany funds. However, all the companies were well fed, there being 
an abundance of clean, wholesome food. The health of the com- 
mand was excellent, as shown by reports of medical officers, on 
file with the Surgeon General. 

Discipline was good, although there were some slight infractions 
that were corrected under paragraph 55 of General Orders, No. 
44, War Department, 1907. 

Attendance was good, although not up to what I have come 
to expect of my corps; only 96.8 per cent, of the entire command 
reported for the ten days; possibly the two extra days may have 
caused this falling off. 

On June 30 the troops returned to their home stations without 
incident, and were dismissed, thus closing a pleasant and profitable 
tour of duty. I should feel derelict in my duty if I failed to ac- 
knowledge the many courtesies extended to my command by the 
regular officers and men during this tour. 

During July and August drills were optional with the company 



90 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

commanders, and most of them were suspended until the first of 
September. On September 17 the corps small arms competition 
was held at the Bay State rifle range, Wakefield, Mass.; and the 
corps rifle team participated in the State general rifle competition 
at the same range, September 25 and 26, winning second place in 
the State match. The applications of Capt. F. M. Whiting, 
Eleventh Company, First Lieut. C. Warren Leach, Seventh Com- 
pany, and Second Lieut. Alonzo A. W T oodside, Sixth Company, 
Coast Artillery Corps, have been accepted, -and they are attending 
the garrison school at Fort Banks. 

The regular work has been carried out through the year, and I 
feel that I can honestly say that the corps is in better condition 
than it was one year ago. 

In closing, I desire to thank you personally and the officers of 
your various departments for the many courtesies extended to me 
and the Coast Artillery Corps during the year. 

Yours respectfully, 

CHAS. P. NUTTER, 
Colonel, Coast Artillery Corps, M. V. M. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 91 



REPORT OF THE NAVAL BUREAU. 



Office of the Naval Bureau, 
State House, Boston, December 12, 1908. 

The Adjutant General, M. V. M., State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to make herewith the annual report as 
required by the militia law, covering the work of the Naval Bureau 
for the past fiscal year. The Naval Bureau was instituted by 
chapter 604 of the Acts of 1908, which was approved on June 11, 
1908. Under the provisions of that act the officers of the Bureau 
were appointed as specified in General Orders, No. 14, A. G. O., 
current series. By law, the Bureau has not only general super- 
vision of Naval Militia matters, but acts specifically as the Inspec- 
tor General's Department, the Pay Department and the Subsistence 
Department for the Naval Militia. I have endeavored to separate 
the various duties under these heads. 

General Supervision. 

When the Bureau came into existence, the U. S. S. ''Gloucester" 
and the U. S. S. "Inca" were in the hands of the Naval Brigade 
for instruction. On the recommendation of the Bureau, the U. 
S. S. "Inca" was returned to the government on or about October 
1, and the U. S. S. "Gloucester" is now at the Navy Yard, Boston, 
undergoing a board of survey to determine the repairs necessary 
to put her in proper condition. She was received from the Ports- 
mouth Navy Yard last spring in an improper condition, apparently 
due to lack of funds available at that yard for that purpose. 

The same law which created the Naval Bureau made certain 
changes in the organization of the Naval Brigade, disbanding the 
three old headquarters companies, namely, the Torpedo Division, 
Signal Corps and Engineer Corps, and created a new line engineer 
company, called the Engineer Division, containing the same number 
of officers and men as are found in other companies. This change 
has already been beneficial. 

A statement of the funds available at the Navy Department 
under the Massachusetts allotment is as follows : — 



92 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Balance at Washington March 31, 1908, 

Allotted May 13, 1908, 

Reclaimed on old requisitions not used : — 

Requisition No. 70, 1907, 

Requisition No. 36, 1907, 

Requisition No. 37, 1907, 

Requisition No. 63, 1907, 

Total, 

Balance Dec. 1, 1908, .... 

Spent, ..... 



. $6,369 51 


5,142 


56 


1,000 00 


891 


60 


750 


00 


485 


31 


. $14,638 98 


6,736 


64 



$7,902 34 



It will be noted that the Bureau has reclaimed over $3,000 
which had previously been allotted for specifical purposes, and 
then lost in the Navy Department's bookkeeping system. 

The amount spent from the allotment can be roughly divided 
as follows: — 



U. S. S. " Gloucester" and U. S. S. "Inca," 
Cutters (repairs), . 
Clothing and equipment, 



$5,988 54 

907 80 

1,006 00 

$7,902 34 



The amount spent on the U. S. S. "Gloucester" and the U. S. S. 
Inca" is divided as follows: — 



Coal, 

Wharfage, etc., 
Repairs, 
Supplies, 



$3,054 10 


107 


48 


2,776 


96 


50 


00 



$5,988 54 



The State made an appropriation last spring of $10,000 for the 
care and maintenance of United States vessels. Owing to a too 
free use of the appropriation during the first months of the spring, 
and the fact that a large amount of supplies and incidental ex- 
penses were needed on both vessels, this appropriation was slightly 
exceeded, and the sum of $425 has been transferred from the 
Governor's contingent fund to make good this deficiency, making 
a total appropriation of $10,425. Of this amount, $10,313.95 has 
been spent to date, as follows : — 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



93 



U. S. S. "Gloucester :" 

Pay roll (crew), .... 
Supplies and incidentals, 
Subsistence, officers under instruction, 
Subsistence, men under instruction, 
Subsistence, servants, 
Transportation, officers and men, . 
ILS.S. "Inca:" — ■ 

Pay roll (crew), .... 
Supplies and incidentals, 
Subsistence, officers under instruction, 
Subsistence, men under instruction, 
Subsistence, servants, . 
Transportation, officers and men, . 

Total, 



$6,871 


34 


971 


75 


312 


00 


302 


30 


148 


12 


137 


94 


898 


26 


330 54 


113 


00 


67 80 


93 


20 


67 


70 


$10,313 95 



From the time the U. S. S. "Gloucester" was received, in May, 
until September, there were no regular enlisted men on board the 
vessel. At the latter time, owing to the small amount remaining 
in the appropriation, six regular enlisted men of the Navy were 
obtained from the Navy Department and put in the engine room 
as winter shipkeepers, in order to save that much of expense. 

The use of the U. S. S. "Gloucester" during the past season, as 
well as that of the U. S. S. "New r port" during the season of 1907, 
has satisfied the officers of the Navy Bureau that, although a great 
deal of benefit has been obtained and work of great value done, 
nevertheless, better results could have been obtained had there 
been more systematic instruction by competent instructors, more 
careful attention to routine and more strict observance of dis- 
cipline. 

In addition to considering and endorsing all communications 
passing between your office and the Naval Brigade, and in suggest- 
ing matters to you for the improvement of the Naval Brigade, the 
Bureau has prepared and sent you for publication an order covering 
inspections in the Naval Brigade and an order covering the uniform 
of the officers and enlisted men in the Naval Brigade. The Bureau 
has in process, and has practically completed, the suggestion for 
an order covering the equipment of the Naval Brigade, and this 
order will be in your hands by the first of the year. 



94 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Commissary Department. 

Acting as Commissary General for the Naval Brigade, the Chief 
of the Bureau issued, prior to the tour of duty and with your ap- 
proval, instructions covering the method to be employed in the 
subsistence of the Naval Militia on its tour of duty. The men on 
the U. S. S. "Gloucester" and the U. S. S. "Inca" were actually 
rationed by this department, all obtainable supplies being pur- 
chased from the Navy Department, through the general store- 
keeper at the Boston Navy Yard. The men on the U. S. S. 
"Yankee" were rationed by the paymaster on that ship, the cost 
of same being paid by the State through this Bureau. The sub- 
sistence was furnished exactly as provided for the subsistence of 
the United States Navy, and the regular navy return made out 
and forwarded to this Bureau, covering the subsistence on the 
U. S. S. "Gloucester." The returns covering the U. S. S. "Inca," 
which had been attached to the U. S. S. "Gloucester," were not 
properly made out by the paymaster of the latter ship, and were 
prepared by the Bureau. 

The cost of actual issues during the tour of duty, for all members 
of the brigade, averaged 35 cents; the actual expense to the State 
averaged 40 cents, this excess in cost representing certain articles 
that were surveyed and destroyed, and also some emergency sup- 
plies which are now on hand and in your custody. 

A full return of the finances of the subsistence on the tour of 
duty has been made through your office to the Auditor of the 
Commonwealth. 

Pay Department. 

As Paymaster General for the Naval Militia, the Chief of Bureau 
drew from the Treasurer of the Commonwealth the 100 per cent, 
advance for pay and transportation. This fund was disbursed and 
accounted for by the paymasters of the Naval Brigade, in accord- 
ance with instructions issued by the Bureau, the pay rolls being 
received in good order, with all payments properly made, with the 
exception of one small clerical error in addition. The amount 
spent for pay and transportation on the tour of duty was $9,358.26, 
to which should be added not exceeding $50 for additional rolls 
subsequently furnished. 

In order that the paymaster might not be misled in making his 
payments, the Bureau provided in its instructions to paymasters 
the following: — 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 95 

Paymasters are warned that pay can only be given to soldiers 
properly mustered in, and paymasters will check their records with, 
or make a copy of, the records in the office of the Adjutant General, 
and pay only those properly entered. This check will be made within 
ten days of the tour of duty, and all muster-in rolls covering enlisted 
men in the Naval Brigade, made within fifteen days of the tour of 
duty, will be held by the commanding officer, Naval Brigade, and 
forwarded through the paymaster with the pay rolls, as a voucher for 
payments made by the paymaster to men who were not found on the 
rolls of the Adjutant General's office. 

In accepting such vouchers, paymasters will be careful not to 
exceed the total number authorized to be enlisted in any organiza- 
tion, and for that purpose will ascertain from the office of the Adjutant 
General the day prior to the tour of duty the names of any men dis- 
charged since their previous check-up. 

These regulations seemed to produce most satisfactory results, 
and it is respectfully suggested that similar provisions might be 
applied in other organizations. 

The funds of the Chief of Bureau, acting as Paymaster General, 
are deposited in the National Shawmut Bank, and during the last 
six months over $25,000 has passed through this bank and been 
properly expended. A full account of the expenditure on account 
of pay and transportation has been rendered through your office 
to the Auditor of the Commonwealth. 

In order that the moneys available for Naval Militia uses may 
be apparent, both for the information of yourself and the Naval 
Bureau, it is respectfully requested that wherever possible the 
appropriation of the Legislature for rifle practice, medical supplies, 
quartermaster supplies, etc., be divided in an equitable proportion 
between the two branches of the service. 

Inspector General's Department. 

Acting as the Inspector General's Department for the Naval 
Militia, the officers of the Naval Bureau were present at the tour 
of duty, with the exception of the Chief of Bureau, who was at 
that time confined to his house by illness. 

The armory inspections in the spring were made by Commander 
William B. Edgar, at that time on the staff of the Commander-in- 
Chief, and now a member of the Naval Bureau. The reports of 
the armory inspections and tour of duty inspections are in your 
hands. 

The armory inspections developed the need of new pea coats for 



96 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

all enlisted men in the brigade, and the need of new white working 
suits in most of the companies. The attendance was satisfactory, 
with the exception of that in Company C. The Bureau recom- 
mends that all officers in the brigade be urged to take the examina- 
tions for licenses under the United States steamboat inspectors, 
and that the Armory Commission be requested to take immediate 
steps to provide a new armory in Boston, on the water front, in 
order that the companies of the Naval Brigade may have a proper 
place for storing their boats and for carrying on their water drills . 

The tour of duty inspections showed that a large percentage of 
the brigade were proficient in their duties. The attaching of the 
U. S. S. "Inca" to the U. S. S. "Gloucester" for subsistence 
supplies did not prove satisfactory, and will not be again recom- 
mended. The squadron maneuvres held in Gardiner's Bay 
proved instructive, the work being carefully laid out by Com- 
mander Marsh and full preliminary instructions being sent to 
the officers of the brigade prior to the tour of duty. 

The conduct of the officers' messes on the U. S. S. "Gloucester" 
and the U. S. S. "Inca" was not in accordance with the instruc- 
tions issued by the Bureau. The officers and men on the U. S. S. 
"Inca" did good work and showed a great deal of esprit de corps, 
excelling in signal work and in many of the fleet drills. 

The officers and men on the U. S. S. "Yankee" were overcrowded, 
and greatly hampered in the conduct of the tour by reason of this 
condition. It is respectfully recommended that in future this con- 
dition be avoided, if possible, by declining to perform tours of 
duty On naval vessels where the number of officers and men are 
greater than those that can be comfortably accommodated on the 
vessel. 

The officers and men on the U. S. S. "Gloucester" took that 
vessel unaided from Boston to Gardiner's Bay and return, and per- 
formed in many ways a creditable tour of duty. Not sufficient 
attention was paid, however, to routine and drills, and not sufficient 
general instruction in navigation given to the officers. Discipline 
on this ship was fair, except on one occasion. The Bureau respect- 
fully recommends that on tours of duty in future a competent 
instructor from the regular service be secured, to give not only 
instruction to the junior officers, but advice and assistance to 
those in charge of the ship. 

The Bureau is of the opinion that much has been learned by 
the officers of the brigade during the past season, and is forming 
plans for a more systematic course of instruction during the coming 
year. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 97 

In ending, I desire to call your attention to the necessity and 
great value of having a ship for the training of the Naval Militia 
during the summer months, and trust that some method may be 
devised by which competent instruction may be received during 
those summer months, and the expense of the ship during the 
winter time reduced to a minimum. 

Very respectfully, 

JAMES P. PARKER, 

Captain, Chief of Bureau. 



9S ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF BOAED OF MILITARY EXAMINEES. 



Board of Military Exam:::z:=. BoenNnr, May 26, 1909. 
The Adjutant General. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the annual report of the 
Board of Military Examiners for 19 

The Board held 27 meetings and examined 155 officers: 151 
were passed and 4 were rejected. 

Very respectfully, 

EMBURY P. CLARK, 
Brigadier General. Commanding First Brigade, President. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 99 



REPORT OF THE SERVICE SCHOOL. 



The Service School, M. V. M., 
130 Columbus Avenue, Boston, May 28, 1908. 

Brig. Gen'l William H. Brigham, Commandant, The Service School, 

M. V. M., Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to report as follows on the work of the 
Service School, M. V. M., for the school year 1907-08:— " 

In General. 

(a) The school work for the third year comprised a course in 
military hygiene; a short course in customs and essentials, com- 
prising text matter amounting to 75 pages of a book called The 
Service School Manual, M. V. M., this being a compilation by 
the secretary; also a course embracing transportation, shelter and 
instructions for the government of armies (parts of Articles IX., 
X. and XII., Field Service Regulations, U. S. A., 1905), amounting 
to 55 pages of text matter; total text matter, 130 pages. 

(6) The period of school work included the time between Nov. 
1, 1907, and May 26, 1908, the reason of twenty-six days' extension 
beyond May 1 being on account of the making up of conditions 
by student officers. Thus, six months and twenty-six days were 
involved in the term of actual student work. 

(c) Three Service School orders were issued during the school 
year, prescribing the course of study and the methods of exami- 
nations. 

(d) Three Special Orders, A. G. O., current series, were issued 
in connection with the pay and transportation of student officers. 

(e) Five instruction blanks and five circulars were issued during 
the school year, and examinations were held at the end of the term, 
based on questions and answers in the above blanks and circulars. 

(/) The examinations were held in Springfield, Worcester and 
Boston, on different dates. Re-examinations for conditioned 
officers were held in Springfield, Worcester, Lawrence and Boston 
later. The results of the examinations by organizations reported 
to date are as follows : — 



100 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Department Staff. — Lieut, CoL Jesse F. Stevens and Lieut. CoL. 
George H. Benyon completed the three years' prescribed course. — 
the only department staff officers enrolled in the school outside of 
department officers attached to organizations of the line. 

•ast Artillery Corps. — Two officers of this command com- 
pleted the three years' course and three officers finished the first 
year's work. These officers are to be commended for taking on 
work outside of their particular branch of the service. 

Second Infantry. — Twenty officers completed the three years' 
course; ten officers finished two years* work; nine officers per- 
formed one year's work; four other officers took up the work, 
but were conditioned on the final examinations. This make 
total of forty-three officers doing work this year in the command. 
This result was due very largely to the earnestness and firmness 
in school matters displayed by the organization commander, CoL 
Frederick E. Pierce. Maj. Phineas L. Rider performed Tamable 
supervisory work in connection with the school, also Capt. Paul J. 
Norton. 

Fifth Infantry. — Twenty-three officers completed this ye 
work, and three officers ook up the work but failed to pass. This 
makes a total of twenty-six officers doing school work. Lieut. 
E. E. Lincoln of this organization attained 100 per cent- 

- it h Infantry. — One officer completed the three years* eon: 
twenty-five completed this year's work, and one failed to pass, 
making a total of twenty-seven officers doing school work. 

E ghth Infantry. — Eight officers completed the two years' 
school work, nineteen finished this year's work, three officers 
failed to pass, making a total of thirty officers doing school work, 
lieutenant Dawson took partial course only, in hygiene and 
customs and essentials, having Army School certificate; Lieutenant 
Hanson also took partial course, for the same reason. 

Xinth Infantry. — Twenty-four officers completed this ye: 
school work, and four failed to pass, making a total of twenty-eight 
officers doing school work. 

>st Corps Cadets. — Xine officers completed the three years' 
course, three officers two years* work, four officers one year's work, 
making a total of sixteen officers doing the school work, there being 
no failures to pa- 

Second Corps Cadets. — Eight officers completed two years' 
school work and one finished this year's work, making a total of 
nine officers doing this work, with no failures to pass. Lieut. W. 
A. Mann of this organization attained 100 per cent. 

~st Battalion Field Artillery. — One officer of Battery A com- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 101 

pleted the three years' course and twelve officers of the battalion 
finished this year's work, making a total of thirteen, there being 
no failures to pass. 

First Squadron Cavalry. — Five officers completed the three 
years' course, one finished this year's work, making a total of 
six officers, there being no failures to pass. 

Signal Corps. — One officer completed the three years' course, 
two finished this year's work, making a total of three officers. 

Eligible List, United States Volunteers. — Mr. Percival ]\ I . 
Churchill finished the three years' course. 

The total number of officers, including Mr. Churchill, taking 
the course this year, was two hundred and seven. 

Service School Discipline. 

The difference in commands concerning school discipline is 
marked, and with some organizations there has been little or no 
support manifested by commanding officers. 

In those organizations where the head takes an active interest 
and feels the responsibility of supervising the instruction of his 
officers (U. S. Army Regulations, paragraph 236), the results in- 
variably show greater interest on the part of student officers, and 
consequently more benefit is derived. 

•fi The plan of dealing direct with student officers instead of through 
channels will have to continue until officers of field rank can be 
found who are earnest enough to give some small measure of 
time to this very important duty. 

Recommendations. 

First. — If there can be found during the school year some 
officers of the regular service, well versed in certain subjects, who 
can be induced to give one hour or one hour and a half lectures, 
aided by the blackboard or maps, the interest of the student officers 
will be greatly enhanced, and knowledge more quickly imparted 
than by the monotonous text matter. 

Second. — In connection with the subject of lectures, it is re- 
spectfully recommended that the secretary may have the power to 
furnish such regular officers with mileage and expenses, and such 
compensation as may make up for any extraordinary expenditure 
in connection with the school. 

Third. — With regard to officers who have completed the three 
years' course, it is proposed to make a post-graduate course, either 
to consist of supplementary subjects, or composing a paper on some 



102 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

up-to-date military subject, suitable prizes being offered, to heighten 
the interest, there seeming to be a sentiment current among the 
graduate officers that they would rather continue the work in 
some way, to be decided on later. 

Fourth. — The matter of adopting some of the elementary 
Garrison School subjects for study might be considered. In this 
connection, it is well to remember the subjects for study outlined 
by the commander of the department of the east in his letter of 
instructions for the encampment at Pine Plains, N. Y., June to 
July, 1908. It will be found that the Service School course has in- 
cluded every subject mentioned by this letter, excepting guard duty, 
drill regulations, articles of war and a few paragraphs of army 
regulations concerning daily service and detachments. The other 
subjects mentioned are hygiene, interior economy, maps and 
reconnaissance, orders, security and information, marches, com- 
bats, transportation, shelter and field orders, all of which have 
been studied in the three years' course. It has been contended 
that guard duty and drill regulations are matters for practical 
demonstrated work on the floor of the armory during the indoor 
season, and that all company commanders are responsible for the 
instruction of their commands (U. S. Army Regulations, 1905). 
This being the case, it is still a mooted question as to the advisa- 
bility of taking guard duty and drill regulations into the curriculum. 
As an impetus to the enthusiasm of the student, the matter of 
exemption from examinations when going before the Examining 
Board might cause him to study hard, but there must be some 
subjects left in which to examine, or men might be passed who 
had forgotten all they ever knew, or be out of touch with current 
instructions, and therefore not efficient. 

Fifth. — The Examining Board should be furnished with each 
officer's record, for their consideration. Also, it is believed that 
the student officers should have a form of reward in exemption 
from examination for promotion by showing a certificate in some 
one branch of study, providing that new text-books have not been 
issued since in that study, or a period of four years has not elapsed 
since their school work. 

Sixth. — That the records of the student officers also be handed 
to the Inspector General's Department for their information. 

Seventh. — That the records of the student officers be forwarded 
to the Militia Division of the War Department for filing, and 
possibly the Bureau of Military Information and Intelligence. 

Eighth. — That the fact that an officer has failed to pass the 
Service School examinations be made a matter for serious consid- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 103 

eration by the Examining Board, and that there should be some 
understanding arrived at by which candidates for promotion should 
know how important their Service School work may become to 
them. 

In Conclusion. 

It has been noted the past year that there have been greater 
changes than ever before in the personnel of the officers of the 
organized militia of the State. The new blood, as a whole, is of a 
better quality than the old, thus showing a distinct gain and making 
for a higher standard. In some instances the changes have been 
traced directly to the requirements of this school, and it is hoped 
that the school influence will steadily continue to rid the service of 
the dead wood which encumbers it. If it accomplishes no other 
result than this elimination, it is well worth the money spent by 
the State. 

The secretary hereby desires to acknowledge the unfailing 
support and courtesy of General Parker, former commandant, 
and the present commandant during the past school year. 

The services of Captain Davis have been invaluable, and y 
although necessarily on duty elsewhere, his advice has been freely 
acted upon, and the magnetism of his personality has communi- 
cated itself through miles of space and has been an inspiration, 
not alone to the Service School, but to all officers in the service of 
Massachusetts. 

Very respectfully, 

WILLIAM S. SIMMONS, 

First Lieutenant First Corps Cadets, 

Secretary. 



104 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORTS OF COMMANDING OFFICERS. 



Headquarters First Brigade, M. V. M., Boston, July 15, 1908. 

The Adjutant General, State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — In compliance with paragraph 34, General Orders, No. 
10, A. G. O., current series, I have the honor to submit the follow- 
ing report upon the performance of field duty by this command at 
Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y., June 13 to 21, inclusiye, 1908. 
The Eighth Infantry, M. V. M., having been assigned in orders 
to this brigade for this tour of duty, the commanding officer re- 
ported to me for instructions, as directed in orders from the Adju- 
tant General's office. 

Transportation to Pine Camp, N. Y., over the Boston & Maine 
Railroad and the West Shore Railroad was arranged by the brigade 
quartermaster according to the following schedule, which was 
published in brigade orders : — 

Train A . — Brigade headquarters and Second Regiment head- 
quarters, companies B, G, K, D; leave Boston 4 p^m., regular 
train; Springfield, 6 p.m.; Holyoke, 6.15 p.m. 

Train B. — Second Regiment, companies I, F, L, M; leave 
Northampton, Company I, 6.30 p.m., via train A; Pittsfield, 7.58 
p.m., regular train; Greenfield, 7.45 p.m.; Adams, 8.29 p.m., 
regular train. 

Train C. — Second Regiment, companies A, C, H, E; leave 
Worcester, 5.10 p.m.; Orange, 7 p.m. 

Train D. — Eighth Regiment headquarters, companies F, A, 
C, E; leave Haverhill, 2.29 p.m., regular train; Cambridge, trolley; 
Boston, 4.05 p.m. 

Train E. — Eighth Regiment, companies L, G, H, B ; leave 
Lawrence, 2.35 p.m., regular train; Gloucester, 2.43 p.m, regular 
train; Salem, 2.39 p.m., regular train; Everett, trolley; Boston, 
4.20 p.m. 

Train F. — Eighth Regiment, companies D, I, K, M; leave 
Lynn, 2.49 p.m., regular train; Somerville, trolley; Boston, 4.25 

P.M. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 105 

Train G. — Sixth Regiment headquarters, companies A, H, B, 
D; leave Wakefield, 2.44 p.m., regular train; Stoneham, 3.10 p.m., 
regular train; Boston, 4.30 p.m.; Fitchburg, 6 p.m. 

Train H. — Sixth Regiment, companies L, C, G, K; leave Bos- 
ton, Company L, 4.30 p.m., via train G; Lowell, 4.40 p.m. 

Train I. — Sixth Regiment, companies M, E, F, I; leave Mil- 
ford, 4 p.m., regular train; South Framingham, 5.37 p.m., regular 
train; Marlborough, 5.45 p.m., special train; Concord, 6.15 p.m. 

All troops arrived at Pine Camp without serious delay or inci- 
dent, early Sunday morning, June 14, in good health, the several 
regimental commanders reporting to me that their men had trav- 
eled comfortably. 

At about 7.30 a. m. I reported, in person, to the adjutant general 
of the camp, and received from him directions as to the location of 
my command. I was also informed at that time that the Twenty- 
third Infantry, National Guard, N. Y., was to be assigned to my 
brigade upon its arrival, June 16. The regimental camps had all 
been staked out by the engineer corps of the United States army, 
and mess shelters had been erected. Transportation of camp 
equipment and impedimenta from Pine Camp station to camp, a 
distance of about two miles, was furnished by the chief quarter- 
master by mule teams, and although some delays occurred, the 
regiments were able to pitch their camps with reasonable prompt- 
ness. McCall incinerators had also been installed by the govern- 
ment officers. 

In General Orders, No. 4, Camp of Instruction, Pine Camp, 
Jefferson County, N. Y., my command (including the Twenty- 
third New York Infantry) was officially designated as the First 
Infantry Brigade, and occupied the extreme right of the camp. 
Regimental camps were in the following order, from right to left; 
Second Massachusetts, Sixth Massachusetts, Eighth Massachu- 
setts, Twenty-third New York; and, with respect to themselves, 
were so located that a flank rested on the general line of the camp, 
while company streets ran parallel to it. Brigade headquarters 
were established about two hundred yards to the south of the 
regiments. 

The camp site was located upon a sandy plateau, covered for 
the most part with a stubby undergrowth, and generally well 
adapted to camp purposes. The soil, from its nature, readily 
absorbed all moisture, and only in the case of prolonged hot 
weather would appear to be disadvantageous. 

The water supply was furnished from an adequate spring, and 
the quality is said, from government analysis, to be exceptionally 



106 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



pure. What apparent lack of supply there was at times was due 
more to the size of the transmission pipes and concentrated use. 
Splendid bathing facilities were provided by the government 
authorities, and everything done to insure the health of the troops. 

Troops in camp besides the First Infantry Brigade were as fol- 
lows: Second Infantry Brigade, comprising the Twelfth United 
States Infantry; Twenty-fourth United States Infantry; First Bat- 
talion, Fifth United States Infantry. Engineer Battalion, com- 
prising companies E and H, Second Battalion Engineers, U. S. A. 
Cavalry Brigade, comprising one squadron Eleventh United States 
Cavalry and Troop D, National Guard, N. Y., one squadron 
Thirteenth United States Cavalry, one squadron Fifteenth United 
States Cavalry and Troop B, National Guard, N. Y. ; Squadron A, 
National Guard, N. Y.; Squadron C, National Guard, N. Y. 
Provision Battalion Field Artillery, comprising batteries D and E, 
Second Battalion, Third United States Field Artillery; First Bat- 
tery, Field Artillery, National Guard, N. Y. Field Hospital 
detachment Company C, Hospital Corps, U. S. A. 

About midday of the day of arrival in camp a very severe thun- 
derstorm, accompanied by a high velocity of wind and much hail, 
delayed the progress of pitching camp somewhat, and thoroughly 
drenched everybody and nearly everything in camp, but happily 
no ill effects appeared to be experienced by the men because of it. 
Bad weather continued intermittently, so that the drills scheduled 
to begin on Monday morning had to be omitted, but after that 
time no interruptions occurred in the routine of camp. 

The following summary of the consolidated report shows the 
daily strength of the command: — 

June 14- 



- 


For 
Duty. 


Sick. 


In 
Arrest. 


Absent. 


Headquarters, ...... 

Second Mass., ...... 

Sixth Mass., . . . . - . 

Eighth Mass., ...... 


13 
797 
808 
809 


- 


- 


22 

13 

6 


Totals, . . ... . . 


2,427 


- 




41 



June 15. 



Headquarters, ...... 

Second Mass., ...... 

Sixth Mass , 

Eighth Mass., ...... 


13 
796 
805 
809 


1 
3 


- 


23 
13 
12 




2,423 


4 


- 


48 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



107 



June 16. 





For 
Duty. 


Sick. 


In 
Arrest. 


Absent. 


Headquarters, ...... 

Second Mass., ...... 

Sixth Mass., ...... 

Eighth Mass., ...... 

Twenty-third N. Y., 


13 
791 
804 
807 
533 


5 
2 
2 


1 


22 

15 

12 

217 


Totals 


2,948 


9 


1 


266 



June 17. 



Headquarters, ...... 

Second Mass., ...... 

Sixth Mass., ...... 

Eighth Mass., ...... 

Twenty-third N. Y., 


13 
789 
800 
804 
535 


8 
5 
2 


1 
1 

1 


22 

15 

16 

215 


Totals 


2,941 


15 


3 


268 



June 18. 



Headquarters, ...... 

Second Mass., ...... 

Sixth Mass., ...... 

Eighth Mass., ...... 

Twenty-third N. Y., 


13 
787 
799 
809 
536 


9 
6 


3 

1 


21 

16 

12 

213 


Totals, 


2,944 


15 


4 


262 



June 19. 



Headquarters, ...... 

Second Mass., ...... 

Sixth Mass., ...... 

Eighth Mass., ...... 

Twenty-third N. Y 


13 

■ 786 

796 

811 

537 


9 

8 


2 


23 

17 

12 

213 




2,943 


17 


2 


265 



June 20. 



Headquarters, ...... 

Second Mass., ...... 

Sixth Mass., ...... 

Eighth Mass., . . . . . . 

Twenty-third N. Y., 


13 
800 
800 
805 
536 


1 
3 

:; 


1 


is 
1 » 

L'l 1 


Totals, ....... 


2,954 


7 


1 


266 



The Twenty-third New York Infantry did not report until June 
16. 

The plan of work for the brigade was published daily from divi- 
sion headquarters, and was as follows : — 



108 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

June 15. 

Morning. — Company, battalion and regimental drill, close and 
extended order. 

Afternoon. — Instructions in advance, rear and flank guards by 
companies and battalions. 
June 16. 

Morning. — Battalion and regimental drill, close and extended 
order. 

Afternoon. — Instructions in advance, rear and flank guards by 
battalions and regiments. 
June 17. 

Morning. — Battalion and regimental drill, close and extended 
order. 

Afternoon. — Instruction in outpost and reconnoissance by com- 
panies and battalions. 
June 18. 

Morning. — Battalion, regimental and brigade drill, close and 
extended order. 

Afternoon. — Instruction in outpost and reconnoissance by regi- 
ments. 

The terrain assigned to the First Infantry Brigade was extensive 
and well adapted to the exemplification of the principles prescribed 
for instruction. It was peculiarly well adapted to exemplifying 
the principles of the individual taking cover. 

Officers' schools were held each morning and evening, attendance 
being compulsory. Papers were read by various officers of the 
United States army bearing upon the work of the troops, and ample 
opportunity usually given for a general discussion. 

About 10 o'clock Wednesday evening, June 17, I was informed 
that the prescribed work for Thursday afternoon would be omitted, 
and that instead the troops would engage in working out a problem, 
which is given in full as Appendix A. The orders issued by me as 
commander of the Brown force are also furnished, as appendices 
B, C, D and E. My report upon the work of my command con- 
stitutes Appendix F, and the solution of the problem, furnished me 
after the conclusion of the maneuvers, is found as Appendix G. 

The Massachusetts regiments broke camp Saturday afternoon, 
entraining in the early evening, and arrived at home stations Sun- 
day morning, June 21. In this connection I must note the failure 
of the Eighth Infantry to carry out instructions contained in Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 9, headquarters First Infantry Brigade, relative 
to the arrangement of tentage, cots, etc., for transportation, and 
the loading and unloading of wagons, — taking six hours to do 
that which was done by the Sixth Infantry in one hour and forty- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 109 

five minutes, — which resulted in great inconvenience, delay in the 
departure of the Second Infantry on schedule time, and extra ex- 
pense to the State in shipping property to the State Arsenal which 
had to be left behind. For a detailed account of this matter see 
Appendix H. 

The work of this camp was of a very practical character. Sani- 
tation was most carefully looked after, and reference to the tabulated 
report above shows an extremely small percentage of the command 
reported sick. In view of the exposure to the storm which overtook 
the camp before the tents were pitched, I regard this as no less than 
remarkable. 

Observation of the workings of the McCall incinerators at this 
encampment would, I think, convince any authority of the desir- 
ability of installing them at the State camp ground at Framingham 
in the place of the unsanitary vaults now in use. I urgently recom- 
mend their installation, and the construction of a crematory for 
burning all offal, etc. 

In my report of the encampment of the First Brigade for 1907, 
I took pleasure in referring to the valuable assistance to the brigade 
of the services of Capt. Robert C. Davis, Seventeenth United States 
Infantry, detailed by order of the War Department to the Governor 
of Massachusetts as instructor to the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, and on duty with my command. 

Fortunately for the brigade, Captain Davis had a like detail this 
year, and it affords me no less pleasure at this time than in 1907 to 
record official recognition of his zealous and untiring interest in 
the work of his assignment. Under his intelligent instruction the 
brigade has received positive benefit in the duties of the soldier. 

A tour of duty such as took place at Pine Camp cannot result 
other than in good, particularly to the officers. I am of the opinion, 
however, that the enlisted men of militia organizations will be 
benefited to a greater degree by performing their tour of duty, at 
least two out of every three years, at their home camp grounds, with 
a good drill ground and an efficient army officer to advise and in- 
struct. In this way careful attention may be given to, and pro- 
ficiency attained in, those things which are essential in the making 
of a good soldier and the building up of a good military force, and 
which, in the very nature of things, must be more or less neglected 
in a camp such as that at Pine Camp, N. Y. 

Very respectfully, 

Embury P. Clark, 
Brigadier General, Commanding. 



110 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Appendix A. 

Headquarters Camp of Instruction*, 

Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y. 

Circular No. 5. — Brown. 

Problem No. 2. — Advance Guard Action. Thursday p.m., 
June 18, and Friday, June 19, 1908. 

General Situation. 

A Blue army (imaginary) is retreating south from Ogdensburg to 
prevent being cut off by a superior invading Brown army (imaginary), 
which has crossed from Kingston to Clayton. On the night of June 
18-19 the advance guards (real) of the Blue and Brown armies are 
bivouacked in the vicinity of Sterlingville and Evans Mills, respec- 
tively. 

All the bridges over the Black River, except the one at Great Bend, 
have been destroyed, and there are no fords. 

Special Situation — Brown. 

The advance guard is ordered to leave its bivouac at 6 a.m., June 19, 
seize the bridge at Great Bend, and hold it until the arrival of the 
main army. 

Brown Force. 

Brig. Gen'l E. P. Clark, M. V. M., commanding; Twenty-fourth 
United States Infantry; Second Infantry, M. V. M.; Sixth Infantry, 
M. V. M.; First Squadron, Eleventh United States Cavalry; Second 
Squadron, Fifteenth United States Cavalry; Squadron C, National 
Guard, N. Y.; First Battery, National Guard, N. Y.; Ambulance 
section, Seventh Field Hospital. 

Memoranda — Brown. 

You will proceed with the indicated Brown force to bivouac selected 
by you near Evans Mills, at 3 p.m., June 18. In proceeding and 
bivouacking, you will make disposition as in enemy's country; fur- 
nish the senior umpire with copies of orders for the march, bivouacking 
and day and night positions of outpost. 

The leading element will leave the bridge about one-half mile south- 
east of 58 at 6 a.m., June 19. The initial orders for this formation 
of commands and first movements will be written, and copies furnished 
the senior umpire before the beginning of the exercise. 

The commanding officers of regiments and separate organizations 
will make timely application to the camp quartermaster for the neces- 
sary field transportation. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. Ill 

Organizations of the militia will provide themselves with 50 rounds 
of blank ammunition per man, both rifle and revolver, and regular 
organizations with 10 rounds per man of blank rifle and revolver 
ammunition. 

By command of Major General Grant, 

A. J. Bowley, 
Captain First Field Artillery, A. D. C, Adjutant General. 

Headquarters Camp of Instruction, 

Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y. 

Circular No. 5. — Blue. 

Problem No. 2. — Advance Guard Action. Thursday p.m., 
June 18, and Friday, June 19, 1908. 

General Situation. 

A Blue army (imaginary) is retreating south from Ogdensburg to 
prevent being cut off by a superior invading Brown army (imaginary), 
which has crossed from Kingston to Clayton. On the night of June 
18-19 the advance guard (real) of the Blue and Brown armies are 
bivouacked in the vicinity of Sterlingville and Evans Mills, respec- 
tively. 

All the bridges over the Black River, except the one at Great Bend, 
have been destroyed, and there are no fords. 

Special Situation — Blue. 

The advance guard is ordered to leave its bivouac at 6 a.m., June 19, 
seize the bridge at Great Bend, and take up a suitable position to 
protect the crossing of the main army. 

Blue Force. 
Col. C. A. P. Hatfield, Thirteenth Cavalry, commandiug; Twelfth 
Infantry; First Battalion, Fifth Infantry; Eighth Infantry, M. V. M.J 
Twenty-third National Guard, N. Y.; Second Squadron, Thirteenth 
Cavalry; Squadron A, National Guard, N. Y. ; Troop D, National 
Guard, N. Y.; Troop B, National Guard, N. Y.; Battery D, Third 
Field Artillery; Ambulance section, Sixth Field Hospital. 

Memoranda — Blue. 
You will proceed with the indicated Blue force to bivouac selected 
by you near Sterlingville, at 3 a.m., June 18. In proceeding and 
bivouacking you will make dispositions as in enemy's country. You 
will furnish the senior umpire with copies of orders for the march, 
bivouacking and day and night position of outpost. 



112 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The leading element will leave 17 at 6 a.m., June 19. The initial 
orders for the formation of commands and first movements will be- 
written, and copies furnished the senior umpire before the beginning 
of the exercise. 

The commanding officers of regiments and separate organizations 
will make timely application to the camp quartermaster for the neces- 
sary field transportation. Organizations of the militia will provide 
themselves with 50 rounds of blank ammunition per man, both rifle 
and revolver, and regular organizations with 10 rounds per man of 
blank rifle and revolver ammunition. 

By command of Major General Grant, 

A. J. Bowley, 
Captain, First Field Artillery, A. D. C, Adjutant General. 



Appendix B. 



Headquarters Brown Force, Camp of Instruction, 

Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y., June 18, 1908. 

Field Orders, 
No. 1. 

I. In accordance with Circular No. 5, current series, Headquarters 
Camp of Instruction, Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y., the under- 
signed hereby assumes command of the following troops, comprising 
the Brown force, in problem No. 2, advance guard action, for June 
18 and 19, 1908: Twenty-fourth United States Infantry; Second 
Infantry, M. V. M. ; Sixth Infantry, M. V. M. ; First Squadron, Eleventh 
United States Cavalry; Second Squadron, Fifteenth United States 
Cavalry; Squadron C, National Guard, N. Y. ; First Battery, National 
Guard, N. Y. ; Ambulance section, Seventh Field Hospital. 

II. The following staff is announced: Maj. Walter L. Sanborn, 
M. V. M., adjutant general; Capt. Robert C. Davis, Seventeenth 
United States Infantry, aide; First Lieut. Curtis D. Noyes, M. V. M., 
aide; First Lieut. Arthur Blake, M: V. M., aide. 

III. The commanding officers of the above-mentioned organiza- 
tions, composing the Brown force, will report to the undersigned at 
9 o'clock a.m., June 18, 1908, at headquarters, First Infantry Brigade, 
Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y. 

E. P. Clark, 
Brigadier General, M. V. M. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 113 



Appendix C. 

Headquarters Brown Force, Pine Camp, 

Jefferson County, N. Y., June 18, 1908, 10 a.m. 

Field Orders, ) 
No. 2. I 

Troops. 

Independent cavalry, Major DeBe- 1. No information concerning the enemy has 

voice, National Guard, N. Y.: First been received. 

Squadron, Eleventh United States 2. This command will march this date to Evans 

Cavalry; Squadron C, National Mills, on the 15-Leraysville-Wards Corner 

Guard, N. Y. (less 1 troop). road, and bivouac in the vicinity of Evans 

Advance guard, Captain J e n k s , Mills. 

Twenty-fourth United States In- 3. (a) The independent cavalry will start at 

fantry: 1 troop, Squadron C, Na- 5.15 p.m. from camp, march rapidly to Evans 

tional Guard, N. Y.; 1 battalion, Mills, and scout all roads north and west 

Twenty-fourth United States In- therefrom for a distance of 1 mile. 

fantry; Detached Ambulance sec- (6) The advance guard will start from Four 

tion, Seventh Field Hospital. Corners at 4.45 p.m. 

Main body (in order of march): 1 (c) The main body will follow at 1,500 yards. 

troop, Fifteenth United States Cav- (d) The rear guard will follow the main body 

airy; 6 companies, Twenty-fourth at 1,000 yards. 

United States Infantry; First Bat- 4. All wagon transportation will march imme- 

tery, National Guard, N. Y.; Sec- diately in rear of the main body. 

ond Infantry, M. V. M.; Sixth In- 5. The commanding general will be at the head 

fantry, M. V. M. (less 1 battalion); of the main body. 

Ambulance section, Seventh Field 

Hospital (less detachment). 
Rear guard, Major Sweetser, Sixth 

Massachusetts Infantry: 2 troops, 

Fifteenth United States Cavalry; 1 

Battalion, Sixth Infantry, M. V. M. 

By command of Brigadier General Clark, 

Walter L. Sanborn, 

Adjutant General. 
Copies to commanders of organizations. 



Appendix D. 



Headquarters Brown Forces, Leraysville, 

Jefferson County, N. Y., June IS, 190S, 6.45 p.m. 

Field Orders, | 
No. 3. j 

1. No further information concerning the enemy has been received. 

2. This command will bivouac to-night on the west bank of Pleasant 
Creek, about a half mile east of Wards Corners. 

3. Outposts will be established by the advance guard, pickets being 
posted at the following points: 26, 41, Wards Corners, and a mile south 
of Wards Corners on the Wards Corners-Leraysville Road. Patrols 
will be sent out on all roads leading to pickets. 

4. All wagon transportation will join the troops. 

5. Headquarters will be at Drake's House, a quarter of a mile south- 
east of Wards Corners. 

By command of Brigadier General Clark, 

Walter L. Saxhorn. 

Adjutaiit General . 
Copies to commanders. 



114 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Appendix E. 



Headquarters Brown Force, 
In Camp, Drake's Farm, Jefferson County, N. Y., 
June 18, 1908, 11 p.m. 



Field Orders, 
No. 4. 



Troops. 

Advance Cavalry, Major DeBevoice, 
National Guard, N. Y.: Squadron C. 
National Guard, N. Y.; First Squad- 
ron, Fifteenth United States Cavalry. 

Horse artillery, Captain O'Ryan, Na- 
tional Guard, N. Y.: First section, 
First Battalion National Guard, 
N. Y.; 1 troop, Eleventh United 
States Cavalry. 

Vanguard, Col. F. E. Pierce, Second 
Infantry, M. V. M.: 1 troop, Elev- 
enth United States Cavalry; 2 Bat- 
talions Second Infantry, M. V. M. 

Reserve (in order of march), Col. G. H. 
Priest, Sixth Infantry, M. V. M.: 1 
troop, Eleventh United States Cav- 
alry; 1 Battalion, Second Infantry, 
M. V. M.; First Battery, National 
Guard,. N. Y. (less 1 section); Sixth 
Infantry, M. V. M.; Ambulance Sec- 
tion, Seventh Field Hospital; 3 
companies Twenty-fourth United 
States Infantry. 

Flank guard, Major S. L. Faison, 
Twenty-fourth United States In- 
fantry: 6 companies Twenty-fourth 
United States Infantry; 1 machine 
gun platoon. 



1. The enemy is retreating south. His advance 
guard is reported in bivouac to-night in the 
vicinity of Sterlingville. Our main body is 
at Clayton. 

2. This command will leave its bivouac at 6.15 
a.m., June 19, 1908, seize the bridge at Great 
Bend, and hold it until the arrival of our 
main army. 

3. (a) The advance cavalry will leave this camp 
at 6.15 a.m., June 19, 1908, and will proceed 
southeast with the utmost rapidity on the 
Leraysville-15-14 road to Great Bend. It 
will seize and hold the hill at the crossroads 
about one-fourth mile northwest of 15, the 
heights on the south side of Black River at 14, 
patrolling all roads in their vicinity as far as 
Four Corners. It will also seize and hold 25. 

(6) One section of horse artillery with cavalry 
guard will proceed with the utmost rapidity 
at 6.15 a.m., June 19, 1908, and seize a posi- 
tion on the north bank of the Black River, 
about one-half mile southwest of 14. 

(c) The vanguard will leave camp at 6.36 a.m., 
June 19, 1908, and proceed rapidly to the 
crossroads northwest of 15, and there await 
instructions. 

(d) The reserve will follow the support at 800 
yards. 

(e) The flank guard will leave camp at 6.36 
a.m., June 19, 1908, and proceed by the 
26-25 Leraysville road to the road one-fourth 
mile northeast of Leraysville, then march to 
15, parallel to the column, and protect its 
march. 

4. All wagon transportation will follow the re- 
serve. 

5. The commanding general will be at the head 
of the reserve. 



By command of Brigadier General Clark, 

Walter L. Sanborn, 

Adjutant General. 
Copies to commanders of organizations. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 115 



Appendix F. 

Headquarters First Infantry Brigade, Camp of Instruction, 

Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y., June 19, 1908. 

The Adjutant General, Camp of Instruction, Pine Camp, Jefferson 

County, N. Y. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report of operations 
of the Brown forces under my command June 18, 19, 1908. 

In accordance with Circular No. 5, Headquarters Pine Camp, etc., 
I issued Field Orders, Nos. 1 and 2 (copies enclosed). 

In conformity with Field Orders, No. 1, the Brown forces assembled 
at about 4.30 p.m., June 18, 1908, and moved cautiously to Drake 
Farm. 

Due to the problem of the morning, the hour of departure was 
changed from 3 p.m. to 4.30 p.m., and as commanding officers were 
unable to report to me in the morning, as contemplated in Field Orders, 
No. 1, there was some delay and some errors in assembly. This was 
quickly straightened out and the command was soon in motion. 

At Leraysville, Field Orders, No. 3 (copy enclosed), for the night's 
halt and bivouac, was issued. 

The command made camp and bivouacked about 7.30 p.m. The 
cavalry were sent out about three miles on roads leading to camp. 
Pickets were established on all the roads leading to camp about one 
mile out, and cavalry patrol sent out about one-half mile from them. 

About 9.30 p.m. a platoon of cavalry was added to the outposts for 
patrol. 

The command was bivouacked in position, the artillery being on top 
of the hills, one regiment of infantry on the crest, one regiment further 
down, where it could be deployed to the right or left. The cavalry 
was assembled at the edge of the stream, where it could be placed on 
the roads. 

The position commanded all the country for a long distance and had 
a beautiful field of fire. For these reasons the outposts were small 
and only placed on the roads (order of outpost commander enclosed). 

In conformity with Field Orders, No. 4 (copy enclosed), the com- 
mand moved out at 6.15 a.m., June 19, 1908, to execute the prescribed 
problem. 

My general intention was to push forward my advance cavalry, 
seize the bridge and certain important points, and follow on quickly 
with the main command, and either hold these points or drive the 
enemy away from them. 

Very respectfully, 

E. P. Clai 
Brigadier General, M. V. M., Commander of Brown Forces. 



116 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Appendix G. 

Headquarters Camp of Instruction, 

Pine Camp, Jefferson County, N. Y. 

[For statement of problems see Circular No. 5.] 

A Solution of Problem No. 2. — Advance Guard Action. 12 m., 

June 19, 1908. 



Solution — Blue. 
Field Orders, 
No. 5. 

Advance Guard, Blue Army, Sterlingville, N. Y., June 19, 1908, 5 A.M. 

Troops. 

(a) Advance cavalry, Major A: 3 1. An invading Brown army has crossed from 
troops Thirteenth Cavalry (less 2 Kingston to Clayton. Last night his advance 
platoons); Squadron A, National guard was bivouacked in the < vicinity of 
Guard, N. Y.; Troop B, National Evans Mills. 

Guard,. N. Y.; Troop D, National 2. This command will continue to cover the 
Guard, N. Y.; D Battery, Third retreat to-morrow. 
Field Artillery. 3. (a) The advance cavalry will leave 17 at 

(6) Support, Major B: 1 platoon, Thir- 6 a.m., moving rapidly along the road 10- 
teenth Cavalry; 1 battalion Eighth Four Corners-14, reconnoitering towards 
Infantry, M. V. M. Wards Corners and Leraysville, seize the 

(c) Reserve (in order of march): 1 bridge at Great Bend and take up a suit- 
platoon Thirteenth Cavalry; 2 bat- able defensive position in the vicinity of 15. 
talions Eighth Infantry M. V. M.; (6) The support will leave 17 at 6.05 a.m., mov- 
Twenty-third National Guard, N. Y.; ing by the road 10-Four Corners-14, and 
Twelfth Infantry; 3 companies Fifth re-enforce the advance cavalry in its position 
Infantry; Ambulance section, Sixth in the vicinity of 15. Patrols will be sent on 
Field Hospital. the road 28-15-25-40 and all crossroads and 

trails to the west. 

(c) The reserve will follow at 800 yards. 

(d) The outpost will stand relieved when the 
advance cavalry has passed the line of obser- 
vation, and it will then take its proper place 
in the column. 

4. The baggage train will proceed via 17-3 to a 
point about one mile east of Four Corners. 

5. I will be at the head of the reserve. 

Second in Command, Colonel E. 



Colonel Commanding. 

Copies to Majors A and B, to commanders of the Artillery and infantry and to staff. 
By wire to commander main army. 



Estimate of the Situation and Reasons for Dispositions. 

The Blue advance guard commander has received orders to seize 
the bridge at Great Bend and take up a suitable position to protect 
the crossing of the main army. His task, therefore, is fixed, and he 
is concerned mainly with its proper execution. Since the advance 
guard of the enemy is reported bivouacked on the preceding night in 
the vicinity of Evans Mills, about the same distance from the bridge 
at Great Bend as Sterlingville, and since it is most probable that the 
enemy intends to secure this bridge, it is doubtful whether the Blue 
force can get there first, and it is thus essential to move quickly. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



117 



The commander therefore sends his advance cavalry rapidly by the 
direct road to the bridge, with orders to take up a suitable position 
in the vicinity of 15, northwest of it, to block off the enemy expected 
from that quarter. 

If the advance cavalry is successful in securing the bridge, and takes 
up a defensive position, it will soon be re-enforced by the support and 
later by the reserve, in which case the prospects of the successful cross- 
ing by the main army are fairly good. 



Solution — Brown. 



Field Orders, ) 
No. 6. 



Advance Guard, Brown Army, Evans Mills, N. Y., June 19, 1908, 5 A.M. 



Troops. 

(a) Advance cavalry, Major A: 3 
troops, Fifteenth Cavalry; Squad- 
ron C, National Guard, N. Y.; 3 
troops, Eleventh Cavalry (less 1 
platoon); First Battery, National 
Guard, N. Y. 

(6) Support: First Battalion, M. V. M. 
(2d); 1 platoon, Eleventh Cavalry. 

(c) Reserve (in order of march), 
Colonel B: Second Battalion, Second 
Infantry, M. V. M.; Sixth Infantry, 
M. V. M.; Twenty-fourth Infantry; 
Ambulance section, Seventh Field 
Hospital. 



1. The enemy is retreating south frorfi Ogdens- 
burg, N. Y. His advance guard, strength 
unknown, bivouacked the night of June 18, 
19 near Sterlingville. 

2. This command will march to-day by the 
Leraysville-15-Great Bend road, and occupy 
a position east and west through Four Cor- 
ners, to prevent a crossing at Great Bend. 

3. (a) The advance guard will start from the 
bridge, about one-half mile southeast of 56, 
at 6 a.m., and moving rapidly proceed to 
Leraysville, from which place seven troops 
and the Field Artillery will continue to a 
position near Four Corners and occupy it, re- 
connoitering the Plank road toward Sterling- 
ville. The remaining troops will reconnoiter 
the roads leading northeast from Lerays- 
ville and take a position flanking the road 
Four Corners-10, keeping in touch with the 
advance cavalry. 

(6) The support will leave the same place at 
6.05 a.m. and move along the Leraysville-15- 
Great Bend road. 

4. The baggage train will follow the main body 
to Leraysville, and then proceed to 40 and 
there await further orders. 

5. Reports will be sent to the head of the sup- 
port. 

Second in command, Colonel E, 
By command of Brigadier General . 



Chief of Staff. 



Dictated to commanders of independent cavalry, regiments and battery. 
to commander main army. 



By wire 



Estimate of the Situation and Reasons for Dispositions. 

The general situation in the problem states the conditions. 

The Brown force is required to delay the retreat of the Blue army 
until its own army can come up to engage it. 

The enemy's position is stated in the problem. 

The Brown advance guard commander judges that the Blue force 
will attempt to gain and hold the bridge at Great Bend. 



118 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The cavalry is to quickly gain and hold the position desired. The 
artillery accompanies the cavalry as a strong element for the defense 
of the positions. 

The distance being small, the gait of the cavalry can be maintained 
by the field artillery. 

The disposition for the cavalry in position gives a concerted defense 
of the position (if it is gained), with the flank defended or in position 
for attack. If the position is not gained, the disposition can easily 
be converted into an attack of position with flank protected. 

The location of the commander gives early returns of reports and 
time for change of orders to the reserve for an attack instead of defense. 

Edwin F. Glenn, 
Lieutenant Colonel, Twenty-third Infantry, Chief Umpire. 



Appendix H. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, ' 
Quartermaster General's Office, Boston, June 22, 1908. 

Brig. Gen'l E. P. Clark, Commanding First Brigade, M. V. M., Boston, 

Mass. 

Sir : — In relation to the loading of the camp equipage belonging 
to your brigade, on the special trains leaving Pine Camp on June 20, 
1908, I beg to report that forty-five wagons were furnished by Maj. 
R. M. Schofield, Chief Quartermaster, Pine Camp, and reported to me 
at 12.30 p.m. for the purpose of moving the material to the cars. Thirty 
of these wagons were assigned to the Sixth Regiment Infantry, 
M. V. M., at 12.45 p.m., and fifteen were assigned to the Eighth Regi- 
ment Infantry, M. V. M., at 1 p.m. The wagons for the Sixth Regi- 
ment were promptly loaded, and the provisions in General Orders, 
No. 9, Headquarters First Infantry Brigade, were complied with by 
this regiment as far as possible, and the material promptly loaded on 
the cars. About one-half the wagons, as soon as loaded, were returned 
to the Sixth Regiment for loading the company baggage, the remainder 
being assigned to the Eighth Regiment. The last team for the Sixth 
Regiment was loaded on the cars by 2.30 p.m. 

The first load from the Eighth Regiment arrived at 1.55 p.m., and 
loads continued to arrive at regular intervals for some time; later, 
loads began to arrive at irregular intervals. These wagons from the 
Eighth Regiment were all held up until 3.15 p.m., when a detail for 
unloading the wagons arrived at the cars. This caused a delay of one 
hour and twenty minutes in which nothing could be done, as the detail 
from the Sixth Regiment, when their own property was loaded, were 
ordered to report back to their command. As soon as the first team 
arrived from the Eighth Regiment, in charge of Lieut. H. Douglass 
Campbell, Eighth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., I made inquiries as to 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 119 

the whereabouts of the unloading detail, and was informed that they 
were on the wagons. 

General Orders, No. 9, referred to, prescribed that a loading detail 
of twenty-four men from each regiment should report to the brigade 
quartermaster for instructions previous to the arrival of the first team 
from his regiment, and remain on this duty until relieved by the 
brigade quartermaster. The General Orders also provided that when 
a team has been loaded it will proceed to the entraining point, accom- 
panied by a member of the organization, who will be responsible for 
delivery to the loading detail. 

There was great difficulty in making Lieutenant Campbell under- 
stand that the wagons must be unloaded promptly, and he had great 
difficulty in getting the men in charge of each of the wagons to leave 
their load and load other wagons on the railroad cars. 

Several messages were sent to the commanding officer of the Eighth 
Regiment to cause the loading detail to report at once, but, as referred 
to, one hour and twenty minutes elapsed between the time they should 
have reported and the time they did report, and when they reported 
they reported only seventeen men all told. 

There was great difficulty in making this detail do their work 
promptly, and so caused a loss of time in getting the wagons returned 
by delays in getting the baggage off the wagons. 

General Orders referred to state that all tents, cots, ridges, poles and 
pegs will be placed on separate wagons, so that when delivered the 
material may be promptly loaded on cars. There was very little ap 
parent effort in complying with the provisions on the part of this 
regiment, as more than one-half the wagons had a different sort of 
equipage on them, and in many cases the poles and ridges were mixed. 

As each sort of material was arranged to go into one particular car 
door, this required that each wagon, after unloading what was on top, 
should go to some other door to unload the rest of the material, and 
as in many cases the wagon had to wait its turn, frequently three and 
sometimes four of these waits were necessary on one wagon, whereas 
had the wagons been loaded as directed there would have been only 
the one wait. 

From these various causes the wagons were delayed in their return 
to the Eighth Regiment, and as a result of this delay wagons did not 
report to the Second Regiment at 3 p.m., as prescribed in Genera] 
Orders, No. 9, and when the wagons did report they reported singly, 
at irregular intervals. The result of which was that the Second Regi- 
ment was unable to load its property on the cars previous to the de- 
parture of the trains on which the State property was to go. 

The property thus prevented from going on the ears was loaded on 
the platform at the entraining point and arrangements were made 
that it be shipped by Maj. R. M. Sehofield to the Stale Arsenal. 

Had the teams been loaded by the Eighth Regiment as prescribed. 



120 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

and had the loading detail reported when directed, the Eighth Regi- 
ment should have been completely loaded by not later than 4 p.m.; 
which is an allowance of one hour and fifteen minutes more than was 
consumed by the Sixth Regiment, this allowance being made for the 
reason that they received only fifteen teams at 1 p.m., and the other 
teams would have, in due course, reported about 2 o'clock, which is 
the hour designated for their breaking camp. 

Had the schedule been followed, the Second Regiment would have 
received, at about 3 p.m., the hour for breaking camp, at least twenty 
teams, and by 3.30 or 4 p.m. should have received all teams needed 
to load their property, and their loading would then have been com- 
pleted previous to 6 p.m., which would give them about the same 
allowance as was made above for the Eighth Regiment. 

Another unfavorable factor was that, when the time became near 
when the teamsters quit work, many of them, while ordered to go to 
the Second Regiment, probably never got there, but quit work instead, 
diminishing the number of teams available. Another cause of delay 
was owing to the fact that, notwithstanding that General Orders, 
No. 9, said that the tents were to be folded and securely tied, and the 
cots folded with the head and foot pieces secured inside, and that the 
tent pegs should not be placed on the teams loose, or in baskets, tents 
or any other improper package, at least one-half of the tents of the 
Eighth Regiment were loosely rolled, and required attention before 
they could be placed in the car, and a large number of their cots were 
so badly folded that they had to be refolded. Almost all of their head 
and foot pieces fell out, and a large number of their tent pegs were not 
only put on the teams loose but were mixed up with other things, 
requiring a great deal of labor to sort them out and pack them at the 
cars. This work should have been done on the field by the regiment 
itself. 

The Eighth Regiment finished loading its material on the train at 
about 7 p.m., having consumed six hours in doing what the Sixth did 
in one hour and forty-five minutes. 

The material from the Second Regiment showed an effort to comply 
with the terms of the orders in regard to packing, but, owing to the 
absence of teams used by the Eighth Regiment, the material came 
very slowly. 

Had I realized the absence of organization and system displayed by 
the Eighth Regiment, and had I realized the disregard which would 
be paid by this regiment to General Orders emanating from your 
headquarters, I should have arranged that the Eighth Regiment 
should have broken camp at 3 p.m., after the Sixth and Second had 
been loaded, at which time all the teams available in the field might 
have been utilized by this regiment, and I could have given my per- 
sonal assistance in arranging the loading of the wagons at the camp 
without interfering with the handling of the matter of loading relating 
to the two other regiments, in which case the movement would have 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 121 

been more satisfaction to all concerned; but until there remained only 
one regiment to load, my presence at the cars was required. 

The loading of the train was criticised by Colonel Chamberlain, the 
United States inspector, and an explanation in accordance with the 
foregoing was made verbally to that official at that time. 

Respectfully, 

George Burroughs, 
Major and Quartermaster, M. V. M. 



Headquarters Second Brigade, National Guard, M. V. M., 

Boston, Sept. 4, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General, M. V. M., State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to make the following report for the in- 
formation of the Commander-in-Chief, in compliance with General 
Orders, No. 10, A. G. O., section VII. 

Capt. George F. Guilford, commanding Company C, Fifth 
Regiment, suffers from an impairment of hearing which, if per- 
manent, in my opinion disqualifies him for duty. 

Lieut. William A. Newell, Company B, is inefficient. His resig- 
nation has been tendered. 

Very respectfully, 

William A. Pew, Jr., 

Brigadier General. 

Headquarters Second Brigade, National Guard, M. V. M., 
Boston, Sept. 1, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General, M. V. M., State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report for the 
information of the Commander-in-Chief. 

In accordance with General Orders, No. 10, A. G. ()., current 
series, the Fifth Regiment Infantry and the Ambulance Company 
section performed their annual tour of duty at South Framingham, 
from August 8 to August 15, inclusive. 

The troops encamped on the State ground from August 8 to 
August 12. At 3 o'clock in the afternoon of August 12 they left 
the reservation for a practice march and field maneuvers. They 
returned to the reservation about 5 o'clock in the afternoon of 
August 14. Camp was broken at 11 a.m., August 15. 

The following program was arranged and carried out: — 

August 8. — Camp established. 

August 9. — School of instruction in military courtesy, sword 
manual and rules for maneuvers; review and parade. 



122 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

August 10. — Company drill in extended order, 8 to 9.30 a.m.; 
field exercises, advance guard, 9.45 a.m. to 12 m.; school for officers, 
2 to 3 p.m.; school for noncommissioned officers, 3 to 3.30 p.m.; 
parade and tent pitching by First Battalion, Second and Third 
Battalions, in observation, 4.30 p.m.; guard mounting after tent 
pitching. 

August 11. — Company and battalion drill, extended order 
8 to 9.30 a.m.; field exercise, outpost, 9.45 a.m. to 12 m.; school 
for officers, 2 to 3 p.m.; school for noncommissioned officers, 3 to 
3.30 p.m.; review by Commander-in-Chief; parade and tent pitch- 
ing by Second Battalion, other battalions in observation, 4.30 p.m.; 
guard mounting after tent pitching. 

August 12. — Battalion drill, close and extended order, 8 to 
9.30 a.m.; afternoon devoted to the execution of the following 
problem: — 

Problem No. 1. > 

A Brown division of infantry is advancing north, and halts on 
the night of Aug. 11, 1908, at the Massachusetts State Arsenal, 
South Framingham, Mass. The advance is resumed on Aug. 12, 
1908. The advance guard is composed of 1 regiment of infantry, 
1 ambulance company and the regimental train. Its commander 
is directed to proceed on the Framingham Center-Wayside Inn 
road to Wayside Inn, and there go into camp. The leading ele- 
ment is to leave the arsenal at 3 p.m., Aug. 12, 1908. The enemy 
is reported in the vicinity of West Acton, Mass. 

Advance Guard, Brown Force. — Col. W. H. Oakes, Fifth In- 
fantry, M. V. M., commanding; Fifth Infantry, M. V. M.; Am- 
bulance Company, M. V. M.; regimental train. 

Note. — The above command will march as in the enemy's 
country. Cultivated land will be considered as impassable. The 
advance guard commander will assemble the command in time 
to move out promptly at 3 p.m., Aug. 12, 1908. A proper advance 
guard order will be issued for the march, and a copy sent to the 
brigade commander, who will be assumed to be in command of the 
Brown division. 

August 13. — During the night of August 12-13 troops encamped 
near Wayside Inn. Day devoted to following problem: — 

Problem No. 2. 
Attack and Defense of Convoy. 
General Situation. — A Brown raiding force is operating in the 
enemy's country. The main body is at West Acton. A Blue force 
is camped at Marlborough. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 123 

Special Situation for Blue. — A battalion of Blue infantry is 
encamped at Marlborough. At 4 a.m., Aug. 13, 1908, its com- 
mander learns that a Brown raiding force has seized a number of 
farm wagons at Wayside Inn and intends seizing certain stores 
which have been collected at East Sudbury station. He moves 
out at 5.30 a.m., Aug. 13, 1908, intending to harass the Brown 
force while loading the supplies, then attack and attempt to destroy 
the convoy while on the march. 

Note. — The Blue force will be ready to move out of camp at 
7 a.m., Aug. 13, 1908, and will march when ordered to do so by 
the senior umpire with the Blue forces. The Blue commander 
will obtain permission from the owners to use any ground that he 
intends occupying or fighting over, or over which the Brown force 
is likely to approach. Cultivated ground will be considered as 
impassable. The Blue commander will issue appropriate orders 
for the harassing and attack of the convoy, copy of which will be 
furnished the brigade commander before leaving camp. Blue 
shirts will be worn. Each man will carry 30 rounds of blank 
ammunition, which will be carefully inspected by an officer on 
issue. Before leaving camp, the Blue commander will report in 
writing to the Adjutant General of the brigade the result of this 
inspection. 

Blue Force. — Maj. Frank F. Cutting, Fifth Infantry, M. V. M., 
commanding; Third Battalion, Fifth Infantry, M. V. M.j one- 
half Ambulance Company, M. V. M. 

Special Situation for Brown. — On Aug. 12, 1908, the Brown 
commander sends two battalions of infantry to Wayside Inn to 
seize a number of farm wagons reported there; thence to proceed 
to the East Sudbury station, seize stores reported and return 
to West Acton. The Brown force arrived at Wayside Inn late on 
the night of Aug. 12, 1908, impressed a number of farm wagons 
and drivers, rested several hours, and at 7 a.m., Aug. 13, 1908, 
moved out toward East Sudbury station to seize the stores. 

Note. — The Brown force will leave camp at 7 a.m., Aug. 13, 
1908, and march to East Sudbury station in conformity with the 
above problem, which may commence as soon as the rear guard 
leaves camp. The convoyed wagons will halt one hour at Easl 
Sudbury station, in which time the supplies arc supposed to be 
loaded. During this hour the wagons will be parked near the barn 
north of station at East Sudbury. The Brown forces will then 
march northwest on the East Sudbury station- South Sudbury sta- 
tion- Sudbury Center- Willis Hill- Yose Hill road. Cultivated 
ground will be assumed to be impassable. The Brown commander 
will issue appropriate orders for the march from Wayside Inn, the 



124 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

seizure of the stores, the protection during their loading, and the 
return march to West Acton, copy of which will be furnished 
the brigade commander before the Brown forces leave the camp 
at Wayside Inn. Khaki uniforms will be worn. Each man will 
carry 30 rounds of blank ammunition, which will be carefully 
inspected by an officer on issue. Before leaving camp the Brown 
commander will report in writing to the Adjutant General of the 
brigade the result of this inspection. The Brown commander will 
obtain permission from the owners to lise any ground that he 
intends occupying or fighting over, or over which the Blue force is 
likely to approach. 

Brown Force. — Lieut. -Col. W. W. Stover, Fifth Infantry, 
M. V. M., commanding; First and Second Battalions, Fifth 
Infantry, M. V. M., one-half Ambulance Company, M. V. M.; 
regimental wagon train. 

August 14- — Troops spent the night of Aug. 13-14 near W His 
Hill in South Sudbury. Day devoted to the following problem : — 

Problem Xo. 3. 
Attack and Defense of Position. 

General Situation. — A Brown -brigade of infantrv is halted at 
Prospectville. One battalion is in the vicinity of Wayland, recon- 
noitering. A Brown force at Willis Hill, on Aug. 14, 190S, is at- 
tacked by a superior Blue force, which advanced from Wayside 
Inn. The Sudbury River is impassable, and all bridges, excep 
the one one-half mile west of Wayland, have been destroyed. 

Special Situation jor Brown. — At 9.30 a.m., Aug. 14, 190S, the 
Brown commander, at Prospectville, receives orders to march 
rapidly to the assistance of the Brown force at Willis Hill. He 
orders the battalion at Wayland to push forward rapidly on the 
Wayland-East Sudbury station road, seize the hills about a mile 
west of Wayland, and hold them, and defend the bridge over the 
Sudbury River, until the arrival of the main body, about 12 iff. 

Xote. — The Brown force will leave camp at 6.30 a.m., march to 
the hills, one mile west of Wayland, and take position suitable to 
carry out the above problem. The problem may commence any 
time after 9.30 a.m. The Brown commander will issue suitable 
orders for the occupation of these hills and the defense of the bridge 
(assuming that he was at Wayland, as prescribed in the problem), 
copy of which will be furnished the brigade commander before 
leaving camp. Cultivated ground will be assumed to be impa- 
ble. Khaki uniforms will be worn. Each man will carry 30 rounds 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 125 

of blank ammunition, which will be carefully inspected by an 
officer on issue. Before leaving camp the Brown commander will 
report in writing to the Adjutant General of the brigade the result 
of this inspection. The Brown commander will obtain permission 
from the owners to use any ground that he intends occupying or 
fighting over, or over which the Blue force is likely to approach. 

Troops. — Maj. Francis Meredith, Jr., Fifth Infantry, M. V. M., 
commanding; Second Battalion, Fifth Infantry, M. V. M.j one- 
half Ambulance Company, M. V. M. 

Special Situation for Blue. — At 7 a.m., Aug. 14, 1908, a superior 
Blue force attacked a Brown force at Willis Hill; the Blue com- 
mander learns that a Brown brigade of infantry is at Prospect- 
ville, and has been ordered to re-enforce the Brown forces he is 
attacking. He sends two battalions of infantry to seize the hills 
a mile west of Wayland and the bridge over the Sudbury River, 
and prevent the advance of this Brown brigade. 

Note. — The Blue force will leave camp at 8 a.m., Aug. 14, 1908, 
and march to South Sudbury, accompanied by the wagon train, 
which will here be detached. As soon as the Blue force has passed 
East Sudbury station the quartermaster will take the train to a 
suitable camp site* on the East Sudbury station-Saxon ville road, 
and there await the arrival of the troops. At 9 a.m., Aug. 14, 1908, 
the Blue force may leave South Sudbury; the problem will then 
commence, as above prescribed. The Blue commander will issue 
suitable orders for the seizure of the hills and bridge, and their 
defense afterwards, copy of which will be furnished the brigade 
commander before leaving camp. Blue shirts will be worn. Each 
man will carry 30 rounds of blank ammunition, which will be care- 
fully inspected by an officer on issue. Before leaving camp the 
Blue commander will report in writing to the Adjutant General of 
the brigade the result of this inspection. The Blue commander 
will obtain permission from the owners to use any ground that he 
intends occupying or fighting over, or over which the Brown force 
is likely to approach. All cultivated ground will be considered 
impassable. The Blue force may assume that the Brown force at 
Willis Hill is fully engaged, and may disregard it. 

Blue Force. — Maj. Willard C. Butler, Fifth Infantry, M. V. M., 
commanding; First and Third Battalions, Fifth Infantry; one- 
half Ambulance Company, M. V. M.; regimental train (as far as 
Sudbury). 

At the conclusion of the problem, about noon, troops man lied to 
the vicinity of Saxonville and bivouacked for a few hours; march 
resumed for camp at 4 o'clock. On August 12 and 13 road maps 



126 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

were made. The problems were carried out as prescribed, and the 
commanding officers of the different forces issued suitable field 
orders. An enlarged map of the country to be operated on had been 
procured, and all officers were furnished with blueprints of this map. 
On the afternoons of August 13 and 14 the officers were assembled, 
the problems and orders of the various commanders read, the senior 
umpires with each force submitted their reports and criticisms, and 
a decision was rendered as to the successful force. 

The State reservation at South Framingham is unfit for infantry 
work. The ground is about large enough for the extended order 
drill of a single battalion. The country in the vicinity is cultivated 
and not available for maneuver purposes. It was with great diffi- 
culty that permission could be obtained this year to occupy private 
ground. No available country was procurable within ten miles of 
the camp. The reservation is accessible to crowds who interfere 
with work, create filth and are an unnecessary expense to their 
friends among the soldiers. The unsanitary conditions are favor- 
able to the spread of contagious diseases ; an epidemic may occur at 
any time. 

The following is an extract from the report of the senior Surgeon 
on duty with the troops from August 8 to August 15, upon the 
health of the troops and the condition of the State reservation. I 
concur in his representation as to facts. 

At Framingham there were many bowel troubles, which I feel were 
due to the peculiarly unsanitary conditions of the field. The same 
thing occurred when the regiment was there two years ago in August. 
We did not have these troubles at the forts last year nor at Westfield 
nor Manassas. 

The bad conditions against which I most earnestly protest are as 
follows : — 

Field. — The field itself has been used for over twenty-five years. 
It has been a receptacle for all sorts of excreta from man and beast, 
and the soil must be polluted. It is badly located, exceedingly hot 
in the daytime and very foggy at night. On the south and west it 
is surrounded by swamp land. Back of the guardhouse is a small 
swamp. Between the camp site and the arsenal every night arose a 
dense bank of fog.- Some nights this spread into the camp itself. 
As a result the men awoke to start the day in damp clothing. 

During the field maneuvers the health of the men was much better, 
in spite of the hard work and green apples and sleeping on the ground. 
At Framingham every man had a folding cot. 

Guardhouse. — The guardhouse is poorly ventilated, the doors being 
near the middle and opposite each other. Bunks for men are between 
these doors and one end, where there is another door. There are no 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 127 

windows or means of airing bunks, which get no sunlight. Bunks 
have old, musty mattresses, which men refuse to sleep on. Sunday 
night, August 9, men slept on porch. Back of guardhouse is building 
used as lock-up; in one end is water-closet; has two little, cellar-like 
windows, about seven feet from the floor, nailed shut; no ventilation 
unless door is left open into cell corridor. Flushing apparatus of such 
a nature that when water is drawn on to flush, the water not only 
splashes up against the man, but actually spills over onto floor, one 
of them spilling about a cupful at each flushing. 

In consequence of these unsanitary conditions I obtained authority 
from the brigade commander to have the guard put under canvas, 
where it stayed the rest of the tour. The change was hailed with 
delight by both officers and men. 

Mess Halls. — The mess halls are in a fairly sanitary condition, but 
the tables are greasy and dirty with the accumulations of years. The 
companies scrubbed them as much as possible, but the grease, etc., 
has soaked in so that it is impossible to get them clean. If these halls 
are to be used again the tables should be removed and new ones put in, 
and the whole inside of the mess halls whitewashed several coats. 

Cook Houses. — These are in a very unsanitary condition and a 
constant menace to health. They are saturated with dirt and grease, 
which it is impossible to eradicate. The tables over which food is 
served, and on which meats and bread have been cut for years, are 
soaked with filth and not fit to feed a dog on. All the shelves are in 
much the same condition. Soap and water and germicides cannot 
possibly make these things clean. 

The concrete about the cook houses is cracked and heaved so that 
many places are several inches lower in the center than at the edges. 
As a result, water and slops from dish washing, etc., collect there, and 
constant sweeping of these places is the only way of keeping anywhere 
near clean. 

The wooden gutters from faucets to rear gutter are rotted out, and 
allow slops, etc., to flow onto concrete. The cement gutter running 
along rear of cook houses has so little slope that fine particles of kitchen 
refuse constantly collect there, and the gutter is so shallow that these 
particles are continually washing onto the adjacent dirt road and 
making a filthy mess. It was necessary to scrape out this dirt daily 
and replace it with fresh gravel and lime, and even then the place 
looked very badly and flies collected. Food was kept screened as 
much as possible, but could not keep the flies off all food, especially 
during service and meal times. 

Sinks. — I cannot express my feeling strongly enough in regard to 
the filthy sinks and their dangerous location. 

They are bricked up vaults, covered with wooden buildings, and 
have been used for this purpose for years. The wooden interior 
apparently has not been even whitewashed for years. The seats were 
smeared with filth, and the parts at the ends used for urinals were 



128 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

saturated with the urine of years. These smelled vilely on our arrival 
in camp, from the preceding organizations which had occupied the 
camp. The seats and urinals were scrubbed with corrosive sublimate 
and sulpho-naphthol, but this had little effect on the prevailing con- 
ditions. 

The vault contents themselves were kept covered with earth and 
lime by a continuous detail. On Sunday and Governor's day (Tues- 
day, August 11) the camp was crowded with visitors, and six or seven 
thousand people were using the equipment planned for one thousand, 
and that equipment of a very antiquated and dangerous type. The 
result was a very foul condition of affairs in spite of increased efforts 
at cleanliness. 

Location. — If the people who planned the layout of the field had 
desired to kill off all the troops there they could not have located the 
sinks better. Sinks should be located on the opposite side of the 
camp from the mess halls and cook houses. Here, however, they 
are on the same side, and the easternmost one is only 50 feet from 
the nearest cook house. The farthest one is not much more than 
double this distance from a cook house. 

The eastern stable is about 50 feet from its nearest cook house. 
Dressing of course collects some, although it was carted off every two 
or three hours. Both stables and sinks swarmed with the usual crop 
of August flies, which visited back and forth from sink and stable to 
cook house and mess hall. 

About 200 feet south of the eastern cook house I found a trench about 
three feet deep, which had been used by some preceding organization 
as a swill dump. The swill had been lightly covered with dirt, but 
dogs had dug much of it up, and it was swarming with flies and stink- 
ing horribly. It was covered at once, but, of course, the next dog 
may dig it up again. Such a condition should never have been per- 
mitted. No permanent camp should bury its refuse within a mile 
of its quarters. 

The bath house is fairly clean, but the so-called shower is merely 
a piece of hose pipe attached to a faucet. Modern showers are entirely 
lacking. The bath house itself should have more ventilation. 

During the field maneuvers the health of the men was excellent, 
in spite of very hard work and intensely hot weather. There were, 
of course, many sore feet and a few collapses, but less than we ex- 
pected. ... 

I cannot too highly recommend the type of field maneuvers of 
August 12 to 14. With the exception of the selection of the sites 
for sinks for the Second and Third Battalions on night of August 12, 
which were in swampy ground, the camps were excellent from a 
sanitary point of view. These maneuvers are much better for the 
men than a permanent camp, with a flood of visitors and the resulting 
flow of liquor. . . . 

In regard to the condition of the arsenal field, I feel that the only 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 129 

safe thing is abandonment of the plant. No type of sanitation can 
remove the soil pollution, especially in rear of cook houses and sinks, 
and the only way to get the cook houses and sinks themselves safe 
is to destroy them and rebuild. 

Of course the great danger is typhoid fever. Some time, unless 
conditions are changed, there is going to be an epidemic of typhoid 
fever started there. In fact, at least two regiments took typhoid 
fever from there to southern camps in 1898. (See " Report on the 
Origin and Spread of Typhoid Fever in United States Military 
Camps during the Spanish War in 1898. ") Conditions there now 
are ten years worse than in 1898, and if any number of men were 
kept there any extended time an epidemic would be almost sure to 
follow. 

I must earnestly protest against any organization, for whose health 
I am responsible, being sent there for any tour of duty. 

In view of the above serious condemnation of the camp ground at 
Framingham as a place for encamping the State troops, I recom- 
mend that a board of medical officers be immediately appointed to 
consider whether or not the State reservation at Framingham is a 
proper place, from a sanitary standpoint, for the State troops to 
perform any tours of duty. 

In addition I would invite the attention of the Commander-in- 
Chief to the fact that if an epidemic should break out at a Framing- 
ham camp, by reason of its unsanitary condition, the State is 
required by section 198, chapter 604 of the Acts and Resolves of 
1908, to reimburse militiamen for time lost, and to bear the actual 
expense of their care and medical attendance. This might involve 
the State in an expenditure of many thousand dollars. 

During the maneuvers the troops were furnished transportation 
hired by the Quartermaster General. Such transportation is 
always unsatisfactory, owing to the lack of uniformity in the capac- 
ity of the wagons. It is apparently the intention of the federal 
authorities, in the exercise of their constitutional power, to pre- 
scribe that the training of the militia in the future shall be alone: 
practical lines, and of a character to fit them for service. With 
such a training the State troops will continually need proper trans- 
portation. I recommend that each company of infantry be fur- 
nished, as early as practicable, with a covered escort wagon, the 
same to be held at the company quarters. 

The Subsistence Department seemed to satisfactorily perform its 
work. It is recommended that, in addition to the rations which 
are issued by the commissary, a "sales commissary" be established. 
This would give the company commanders an opportunity to van 



130 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

their meals, and acquire more experience in feeding their men. 
Some of the large grocery stores would undoubtedly sell to the Sub- 
sistence Department certain stores, which, if not sold to the com- 
panies, could be returned. 

The instruction in map making, under Col. John Caswell, was 
very successful. Unfortunately he could be at camp but two days, 
but in that time, in about seven hours, he instructed over a dozen 
officers so well that most of them could make a fairly readable road 
map. On Aug. 12, 1908, a road map from Framingham to Way- 
side Inn was made by five officers, each doing one-fifth, all on the 
same scale, and then consolidated on arrival in camp. Similarly, 
two officers made a road map from Wayside Inn to Willis Hill. 
In the regular service to-day a great deal of attention is paid to map 
making, and all officers, especially lieutenants, are expected to be 
able to make readable road and position sketches. It is therefore 
recommended that the supervision of such work be addled to the 
duties of one of the chiefs of department, and as the present Acting 
Chief of Ordnance, Colonel Caswell, is so well fitted for these duties, 
his name is suggested. Every company is supposed to be equipped 
with the following engineer property, which comes in a compact 
box: one sketching case, one pedometer, one clinometer, one pace 
tally, one prismatic compass, one box compass, one ruler, etc. It 
is recommended that requisition for the above-named articles be 
submitted as early as practicable to the general government, so 
that they will be on hand for next summer's camp. 

I desire to invite attention to the kind of camp prescribed this 
year for the Fifth Regiment Infantry and the Ambulance Company. 
It was entirely a field camp, ending in minor tactical problems, 
after the command had been prepared for them by a systematic 
scheme of instruction. I most earnestly recommend that this 
class of camp be given in the summer of 1909 to each of the regi- 
ments of my brigade, and that I, in conjunction with the various 
regimental commanders, be authorized, subject to the approval 
of the Adjutant General, to select the places of camping. 

In conclusion, I feel it is only proper for me to acknowledge the 
hearty co-operation I received from the officers and men of both 
the Fifth Regiment and the Ambulance Company, thus making 
possible the successful completion of the first camp of this kind 
ever attempted in this State. 

Very respectfully, 

William A. Pew, Jr., 

Brigadier General. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 131 

Headquarters First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Boston, April 27, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, State House, 

Boston. 

Sir: — In accordance with directions contained in communica- 
tion dated Adjutant General's office, April 17, 1908, I have the 
honor to submit the following report of the tour of duty performed 
by my command in connection with the fire in Chelsea. 

I have delayed making this report in order to obtain accurate 
reports from the officers of my command who were at any time 
acting on detached service. 

On Sunday, April 12, at 7 p.m., I was ordered by the Adjutant 
General to assemble my command and proceed to Maverick 
Square, East Boston, for fire duty, as soon as possible. I received 
the order by telephone, written orders reaching me at 8 p.m. The 
members of the corps were summoned by means of the alarm list, 
and at 9 p.m. 50 men had reported. 

At 9.05 p.m. this detachment, uniform dress, with overcoats, six 
rounds ball cartridges, officers armed with revolvers with ammuni- 
tion, under command of Capt. Charles H. Rollins, with myself, 
the adjutant, the quartermaster, and Lieutenants Foss and Bird, 
left the armory and proceeded by electric car and East Boston 
ferry to Maverick Square, which was reached at 10 p.m. 

On arrival at police headquarters it was found that no word had 
been received that the militia had been ordered there, and that the 
police needed no assistance, and I awaited the arrival of the Adju- 
tant General, who, I was informed by telephone, was on the way 
to East Boston, for further orders. 

At 10.40 p.m. Capt. Charles H. Cole, with a second detachment 
of 60 men, arrived. 

At 11.20 p.m. the Adjutant General arrived, and directed that 
the detachment proceed to Chelsea and report to Colonel Nutter, 
C. C. A. At 11.25 P.M., under command of Captain Rollins, the 
detachments proceeded to Chelsea Square over the Meridian Street 
bridge, arriving at midnight. One lieutenant and 20 men were 
detached and directed to report to the Acting Governor at the 
city hall, Boston, by order of the latter. 

At 11 p.m. First Lieut. Freeman Hinckly, with 16 men, left the 
armory and proceeded, under orders of the Acting Governor, to 
the store of the S. S. Pierce Company, whence they escorted a 
train of teams loaded with supplies to Chelsea Square, arriving at 
12.45a.m., April 13. 

At 12.30 a.m. the last detachment of about 40 men, under Capt. 



132 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Edward H. Hoyt, with Capt. John Lavelle and other officers, left 
the armory and proceeded to Chelsea Square, arriving at 1.30 am. 

At 2 a.m., April 13, I was ordered by Colonel Nutter, C. C. A., 
to relieve Captain Hill of the United States Marine Corps, and 
immediately sent out a guard to occupy the posts which his corps 
had been guarding. This guard consisted of an officer of the day, 
officer of the guard, two sergeants, four corporals and fifteen pri- 
vates, disposed in a cordon around the eastern side of the burned 
district, and two detached posts, one at Meridian Street bridge and 
one at the Charlestown bridge, consisting each of one lieutenant, 
one sergeant, one corporal and five privates. The guard around 
the burned district was increased from time to time until it 
numbered 25 men. The detached post was kept on the Charles- 
town bridge until early on the morning of April 14, and the 
detached post at the Meridian Street bridge until noon, April 14. 

All the officers, except the field and staff, were on guard during 
the tour, and the men two or even three times during a period of 
twenty-four hours. 

The corps was quartered in the G. A. R. hall, near Chelsea 
Square, and was rationed in the hall on canned beef, bread, ham 
sandwiches, coffee, baked beans and crackers. There were no 
cooking facilities in the hall. On the 14th, by permission of Colonel 
Nutter, three companies were sent in detachments to a hotel in 
Charlestown and one company to a boarding house in Chelsea 
for dinner. 

A number of guards were provided during the tour, such as a 
detail of a corporal and 3 men at police headquarters, which detail 
was permanent, a detail at Eagle hall over supplies, a detail at a 
store on Winnisimmet Street, a detail at the post-office, a detail at 
the Chelsea Trust Company, a detail to protect men digging for 
bodies near Dr. Fenwick's house. 

The morning report of April 13 showed present for duty 15 
officers and 145 men. The morning report of April 14 showed 
present for duty 16 officers and 187 men, 35 men being absent; 
of the 35 absentees several were newly enlisted and had no 
uniforms, and some were out of the State on furloughs. 

At 10 p.m., April 14, I was ordered by Colonel Nutter to assem- 
ble my command at 10.30 and proceed to my home station. After 
calling in the guard my command boarded electric cars at 10.35 
p.m., and reached the armory in Boston at 11 p.m. 

Consolidated reports of April 13 and 14 are enclosed. 

Very respectfully, 

Thomas Talbot, 
Lieutenant Colonel, First Corps Cadets, M. V. M. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 133 

Headquarters First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Boston, August 10, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, State House, 

Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report of the 
tour of camp duty performed by my command at Pine Camp, 
Jefferson County, New York, July 5 to 12, inclusive, in accord- 
ance with paragraph X., General Orders, No. 10, A. G. O., Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts, dated Boston, June 2, 1908. 

The corps assembled at the armory at 5.30 p.m. on July 4. Uni- 
form, cotton service. Enlisted men equipped with haversack, 
canteen, rubber blanket and shelter tent roll containing woolen 
blanket. 

The strength of the command was as follows: 14 officers, 202 
enlisted men and a band of 24 pieces. 

Lieut. Col. George H. Benyon, Inspector General, and Capt. 
Robert C. Davis, Seventeenth United States Infantry, accompanied 
the corps on this tour of duty. 

The corps left the armory at 5.55 p.m. and arrived at the North 
station at 6.15 p.m., where it entrained in a special troop train, 
consisting of one palace horse car (carrying twelve horses), two 
large baggage cars, one combination baggage and passenger car, 
six tourist sleepers and one standard sleeper. 

The train left the North station at 6.30 p.m. and arrived at Pine 
Camp at 9.05 a.m., July 5. 

Detrainment was made immediately upon arrival, and the com- 
mand marched to the camp ground assigned it (Infantry Camp No. 
1), arriving at 9.45 a.m. Details were left at the train to unload the 
baggage and camp equipage, which was promptly transported to 
the camp ground and tents pitched and kitchens arranged. 

On July 6 the regular routine of camp duty, as directed in orders 
from division headquarters, was taken up and carried out during 
the rest of the tour. 

On July 9 the first field exercise in which the corps took part 
occurred. In this the corps left camp at 4.30 P.M., forming part of 
the Blue force, and marched north in the direction of Sterlingville, 
where it went into bivouac. At 1 a.m., July 10, camp was struck, 
and the corps went on outpost duty, relieving the Fourth Maryland 
Infantry. At 6.30 a.m. the corps was withdrawn from outpost and 
directed to form the reserve of the Blue force, taking position in 
rear of the left of the line. Later the reserve was ordered to rein- 
force the left of the firing line. The return to camp was made at 
noon. 



134 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

On July 13 a second maneuver took place, on which occasion I 
had the honor to command the Blue force, the command of the 
corps devolving upon Capt. Charles H. Cole, Company B. In 
this maneuver the corps left camp at 4.30 a.m., forming part of 
the reserve of the Blue force, and took an important part in the 
action which followed. The return to camp was made at noon. 

On the afternoon of July 13 the third maneuver took place. In 
this the corps left camp at 4 p.m., forming part of the Brown force, 
and marched to near Sterlingville, where it went into bivouac. 
Camp was struck at 1 a.m. and a night march performed by the 
Brown force, in which the corps formed a part of the reserve. 
This march was toward the south, in the direction of Great Bend, 
and ended in an attack upon an opposing Blue force at daylight. 
In this attack the corps formed a part of the firing line. The re- 
turn to camp was made at 6 a.m. 

On the afternoon of July 14 the corps broke camp, and entrained 
at 8.30 p.m., reaching Boston July 15 at 10 a.m. and the armory at 
11 A.M. 

On July 10 the corps was honored by the visit of Adj. Gen. 
William H. Brigham, Brig. Gen. William B. Emery, Quartermaster 
General, Col. Frederick E. Pierce, Second Massachusetts Infantry, 
Mr. George Howland Cox and Lieut. Col. William A. Hayes, 2d, 
retired. These guests remained with us until the afternoon of 
July 13. 

In conclusion I wish to express my great appreciation of the 
assistance rendered to my command by Capt. Robert C. Davis, 
Seventeenth United States Infantry. He was untiring in his efforts 
to assist the corps in every way, and the success of the tour of duty 
was very largely due to the valuable instruction received from him. 

A copy of the attendance report is inclosed and marked inclos- 
ure A. 

Very respectfully, 

Thomas Talbot, 
Lieutenant Colonel, First Corps Cadets, M. V. M. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



135 



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The above does not include a band of 24 pieces. 



Headquarters Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Salem, December 17, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir: — I have the honor to report as follows on the tour of camp 
duty of the Second Corps Cadets, July 18 to 25, inclusive. 

The command left Salem at 8.20 a.m., July 18, and arrived at 
the camp ground, East Boxford, Mass., at 9.20 a.m., without any 
delay. Camp was pitched by the men and everything was in order 
by mess call, at 12.30. 

The close order work during the week consisted of one battalion 
drill, march to mess with music and the ceremonies. The balance 
of the work was extended order, advance and rear guard, outpost, 
with problems the last two days. 

The Governor and staff reviewed the corps on Friday afternoon. 

The weather was excellent, except the last day. The health of 
the command was good. I enclose the surgeon's report for the 
tour. 

Owing to illness, we were, greatly to our regret, without our 
commanding officer, Lieut. Col. John E. Spencer. 

The advantage of having Capt. R. C. Davis, Seventeenth Reg- 
ular Infantry (to whom we are greatly indebted and who laid out 
the problems), as instructor for a second time was clearly shown, 
and I earnestly hope that he can be again detailed for work with the 
State troops during the coming year. 

Very respectfully, 

Charles F. Ropes, 

Major Commanding. 



136 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Headquarters First Squadron Cavalry, M. V. M., . 
South Armory, Irvington Street, Boston, July 27, 1908. 

The Adjutant General, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

Sir: — I have the honor to report that in compliance with Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 10, A. G. O., current series, and orders No. 10 
these headquarters, this command performed its tour of camp 
duty and field day at the State camp ground, Framingham, July 
11 to 18, 1908, inclusive. 

Troop commanders, with troops mounted, were ordered to report 
at 7.30 a.m., July 11, at the junction of Commonwealth Avenue 
and Beacon Street, Boston, and each did so on time. After water- 
ing horses the march to Framingham was taken up, at 7.45 a.m., 
going by way of Allston, Brighton, Newton, Auburndale, Weston 
and Cochituate, a distance of 19 miles. The regulation number of 
halts was made, but horses were not watered again, and the 19 
miles were covered in four hours, arriving at the field at lf.45 a.m. 

On my arrival Captain Harrison reported to me the arrival of 
his command, the Signal Corps, and he was given permission to 
carry out his own program of work for his own organization, con- 
forming as nearly as practicable to the hours of service and calls 
for my own command. 

No drill was held on the 11th and the entire time was devoted to 
pitching tents and getting quarters in order. Guard was mounted 
at 6.40 p.m., which included patrols to guard the buildings not used 
by this command. 

On Sunday, the 12th, horses were exercised from 9 a.m. till 10.30, 
and no further duties were engaged in until 4 p.m., when parade 
was held, the passage of the squadron in review being at the three 
gaits, walk, trot and gallop, which, practice was followed through 
the week at all parades and reviews. 

On the 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th and the morning of the 17th the 
regular schedule was carried out, as follows : — 



First call, 

Reveille, 

Assembly, water, stables, 

Sick, . 

Mess, . 

Fatigue, 

Drill, boots and saddles, 

Recall, 

Water, assembly, . 



5.20 a.m. 

5.30 a.m. 

5.35 a.m. 

6.15 A.M. 

6.45 a.m. 

7.15 a.m. 

8.45 a.m. 
10.30 A.M. 
11.45 A.M. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



137 



First sergeants' call, 

Mess, 

Drill, boots and saddles, 
Recall, .... 

Parade immediately after recall. 
Muster, immediately after recall. 
Water, stables, assembly, 
Mess, .... 
Guard mounting, . 
Assembly, guard mounting, 
Retreat, 
Tattoo, 

Call to quarters, . 
Taps, .... 



12 M. 
12.15 p.m. 
2.30 p.m. 

4 P.M. 



5 P.M. 

6 P.M. 

6.30 p.m. 
6.40 p.m. 
7.15 p.m. 

9 P.M. 

10.45 p.m. 

11 P.M. 



Until Tuesday, the 14th, all drills were by troop. On Tuesday 
afternoon and for the balance of the week the drills were by squad- 
ron, chiefly in close order work, extended order mounted and 
practice in charging. 

Friday, the 17th, His Excellency the Governor arrived on the 
field at 12.30 p.m., accompanied by members of his staff. Squadron 
drill was held at 2 p.m. and recall at 2.45 p.m. The service uniforms 
were then changed to dress, and the squadron line was formed 
again at 3.15 p.m., and a new standard and State flag were pre- 
sented to the squadron by His Excellency Gov. Curtis Guild. This 
ceremony was followed by a review of the post troops, the Signal 
Corps and the First Squadron Cavalry by His Excellency. 

Saturday, the 18th, the general was sounded at 8.25 a.m., boots 
and saddles at 10 a.m., and the squadron left the field at 10.15 
a.m., and, reversing the route traveled on the 11th, arrived at the 
junction of Commonwealth Avenue and Beacon Street at 2.15 
p.m., where horses were watered and the troops dismissed to go to 
their armories. 

Although the heat was great the early part of the tour, no drills 
or ceremonies were omitted or shortened on this account, and no 
sickness was reported as due to the heat. The health of the com- 
mand was good, and the only case treated by the surgeons that was 
at all serious was that of Private Masse, Troop D, who, while on 
drill, was kicked in the shin by a horse. 

The horses were in uniformly better condition the last of the tour 
than when the troops reported. There were only a few sore backs, 
and most of these were old sores. 

The men took an interest in the work, especially in the drills, 



138 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

which were taken chiefly at the trot, and the squadron showed 
progress as the week advanced. The tour as a whole was of profit 
to the command. 

Very respectfully, 

William A. Perrins, 

Major. 



Headquarters First Battalion Field Artillery, M. V. M. 
To the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

In compliance with General Orders, No. 10, I have the honor 
to submit my report of the annual tour of duty performed by this 
battalion, July 19 to 27, inclusive. 

It having been decided that the battalion should have practice 
in route marches, with a permanent camp at South Framingham 
State camp grounds, the staff of the battalion assembled at its 
headquarters in Lawrence on Friday, July 18, at 1 p.m., and at 2 
p.m. started to march over the road to Bedford, the place selected 
for its bivouac for the night. The staff was well horsed, and was 
accompanied by a surgeon and two hospital men. The battalion 
baggage wagons, in charge of the quartermaster, followed the 
staff. Arriving at Bedford in the early evening, it rested for the 
night. Early Saturday morning the march was again taken up, 
and camp at South Framingham was reached at 11 a.m., where 
the headquarters soon pitched; and all were in quarters and very 
comfortable before the heavy shower, which struck the eamp at 
2 P.M. 

The adjutant, assisted by the members of the staff, laid out the 
positions for the locations of the batteries, and had the tent floors 
placed so as to assist the batteries to locate their camps correctly 
when each should arrive. 

Battery B assembled at its armory in Worcester at 5 a.m., Sat- 
urday, July 19, and upon the arrival of the horses hitched out the 
battery and started on its two days' march to camp. The day was 
fine, with the exception of the very heavy shower in the early after- 
noon; the camp was made at Westborough, being quite pleasantly 
located. Early on Sunday morning the battery resumed its march, 
and arrived in camp at 4.30 in the afternoon. 

Immediately upon arrival, the horses were inspected by Veter- 
inary George S. Fuller, and found to be all in good condition. The 
drivers cared for the horses, using the stables assigned to the bat- 
tery, and the cannoneers pitched the tents, the work being done in 
very good manner. ; 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 139 

Battery C assembled at the State armory at Lawrence on Satur- 
day, July 19, at 5 a.m., and, upon the arrival of the horses hitched 
out and commenced its two days' road march, going via Lowell, 
South Chelmsford to Carlisle, where the bivouac for the night was 
made upon the Rose farm. This battery had been supplied with 
shelter tents, and these were used, with very satisfactory results, 
the weather being favorable. Early Sunday morning the march 
was resumed, and good progress was made until one of the large 
baggage wagons became stalled, and this delayed the march for 
two hours, while the combined use of ten pairs of draft horses were 
necessary to bring the baggage wagon out of its predicament. 

The quartermaster's wagon, bringing the supplies, cooks and 
tenting party, arrived at 6.30, and the battery pulled into camp at 
7.40, the outfit coming in in good shape, without any serious mishap. 

The battery pitched its camp with great promptness; the horses 
were examined immediately upon being placed in the stables as- 
signed to the battery and found to be in good condition. 

Battery A having been granted permission to attend a separate 
camp at Sandwich, the battery assembled at its armory at 6 a.m. on 
Saturday, July 18, and hitched out in good time; it then marched 
to the First Street yards in South Boston and promptly entrained. 
The special train left Boston at 10.45, arriving at Sandwich at 1.30 
p.m. The battery detrained and the horses were fed. At 2.45 the 
march was taken up, and the battery arrived at its first camping 
grounds, at Peters Pond, at 4.15. The Sibley tents belonging to 
the battery were soon pitched, and the camp was thoroughly in 
order at 7.30, when mess was served. 

On Sunday, July 19, a party under command of Lieutenant 
Sherburne examined the location, to fill in as much as possible on 
a skeleton map of the country between Peters Pond and West 
Barnstable. 

At morning drill call about an hour was spent in fitting the steel 
collars, and this work showed splendid results during the tour. 
The panoramic sights and quadrants were calibrated during the 
morning, and the gunners were given instruction in the manage- 
ment of the plotter battery commander's telescope and field tele- 
phones. 

On Monday morning a mounted battery drill was held, and in 
the afternoon the battery was taken out on the road and two dif- 
ferent positions were occupied under cover. 

Tuesday morning camp was broken. The first platoon was 
sent out to occupy a position at a specified point, representing a 
rear guard battery; the second platoon took the part of an advanced 



140 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

guard battery, and its problem was to take position to attack the 
first platoon and to open fire without being seen, direct fire being 
used. This position was successfully taken. This problem was 
again tried by alternating the platoons, and was again successfully 
carried out. The wagons were sent direct to Cotuit Pond, and 
supper was ready for the battery when it pulled into the Cotuit 
Pond camp late in the afternoon. 

Wednesday morning the battery marched to West Barnstable, 
and spent five hours at target practice,- the results being much 
better than at any previous practice. The ranges varied from 
2,000 to 3,300 yards; 24 shrapnel and 10 shell were fired direct 
at three targets and the balance of 26 shrapnel was fired indirect 
at the fourth target, the data being transmitted to the battery from 
an observing point 500 yards to the flank of the firing point. At 
the conclusion of this practice the battery returned to the Cotuit 
Pond camp, and organized as a battalion under command of Lieut. 
Col. D. J. Rumbough, who was detailed by the War Department 
as instructor. The problem was the handling of a battalion of 
advance guard artillery, the batteries to move forward successively, 
giving each other support during the movements. Several positions 
were taken up, and then the whole battalion was placed to attack a 
convoy which was impersonated by our own wagon train, which 
left the Cotuit Pond camp at a specified time. After this the bat- 
talion was posted as a rear guard battery, to cover certain roads, 
and then all returned to the Peters Pond camp. 

Friday morning was given up to "drivers competition," which 
consisted in driving by sections through narrow lanes marked by 
pegs, speed and accuracy of driving both affecting the result. In 
the afternoon a mounted inspection was held and a review was 
tendered to Colonel Rumbough. 

Saturday morning, first call was blown at 3.45, breakfast served 
at 4.30 and the battery left Peters Pond at 6.30, arriving at Sand- 
wich at 7.45, where the battery entrained, and arrived in Boston 
at noon. The unloading being done promptly, the battery marched 
to the armory and was dismissed at 2.30. 

The locations for camps in this vicinity proved to be absolutely 
satisfactory; the water, as reported through the Surgeon General's 
Department, was found satisfactory for drinking, while the presence 
of ponds and the facility for bathing added greatly to the comfort 
of the command. 

The work of the battalion commenced in earnest on Monday, and 
the batteries were kept busy during the four days' stay at Camp 
Framingham. Special attention being paid to guard duty, this 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 141 

work improved greatly during the week, and the interest shown by 
both officers and men was very commendable. 

The drills of the batteries also showed great improvement each 
day, and as neither of these batteries have sufficient floor space in 
their armories to drill the field movements, it was their special 
opportunity to become proficient in this work. 

The Governor's review was tendered to His Excellency Curtis 
Guild, Jr., at 2.30 p.m., Wednesday, the battalion marching past 
the reviewing officer first in column of batteries, then in flank 
column, both of the passages being warmly praised by the Governor. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, Assistant Inspector General, having 
been detailed to inspect this battalion, was of great assistance to 
the commander by his many kindly suggestions, which his long 
military service had found to be advisable, and for which I am 
deeply indebted. 

On Friday morning Battery C left camp upon its two days' route 
march to its home station, making the same camp at Carlisle for its 
stay Friday night, and reached home at 1.30 p.m. on Saturday, the 
entire march of Saturday being made in a pouring rain. 

The headquarters left for its route march home at 2.30 P.M., 
Friday, stopping at Bedford Friday night and arriving at Lawrence 
on Saturday at 2 p.m. Battery B, having but a one-day march (for 
trained horses) to its home station, remained in camp until $aturday 
morning, when it broke camp and by route march returned to 
home station. 

I would renew my recommendation of last year, that this bat- 
talion be provided with Sibley tents, and further recommend that 
the next tour of duty be held at Peters Pond, and that all the bat- 
teries have target practice during the tour. 

Very respectfully submitted, 

Charles F. Sargent, 

Major Commanding. 



May 6, 1908. 
Brig. Gen'l Charles C. Foster, Surgeon General, M. V. M . 

Sir: — I have the honor to report for the tour of duty at the 
South Armory, Boston, from April 15 to April 25, 1908, as fol- 
lows : — 

Arrived at South Armory at 1 p.m., April 15, and met First Lieut. 
F. P. Williams, Medical Department, M. V. M., and made a tour 
of inspection of the entire building. The toilets and wash rooms 
were found clean and sanitary. In the basement of the head house 
were six large cooking ranges, in excellent condition and ready for 



142 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

use. Plenty of fuel also on hand. The entire building, in fact, 
was very clean. 

Laid plans for the reception of 300 refugees from Chelsea, as 
follows: set aside battery armory, consisting of three large rooms, 
for women and children. Battery armory had only three water- 
closets and six wash bowls, which I did not deem sufficient. After 
a consultation with Mr. Whiteside, the local representative of the 
central relief committee, he agreed to build five additional, tempo- 
rary water-closets and six sinks, the same to be removed at the end 
of tour and armory restored to former condition. These additions 
were installed in two days and proved ample. The male refugees 
over fifteen years were allotted the large drill shed for sleeping 
quarters. Their toilets and wash bowls were in the head house 
basement and were plenty in number. 

The guard and Ambulance Corps men reported at 3 p.m. They 
comprised 24 enlisted men from the Ninth Regiment, under com- 
mand of Second Lieuts. Hugh Maguire and William Sullivan, and 
15 enlisted men from the Ambulance Corps, under Capt. Malcolm 
Seymour and Capt. Edward Shinn. First Lieut. J. T. Adams, 
Medical Department, reported to replace First Lieutenant Williams, 
who was ordered to Chelsea. Second Lieut. J. L. Malloy, Ninth 
Regiment, reported as commissary. Quartered the Ninth Regi- 
ment men in the gymnasium on the top floor of the head house and 
the Ambulance Corps men in their own quarters on the third floor. 
Ordered six fire extinguishers of Chief Mullen of the Boston fire 
department; they were disposed about the building in accessible 
places. 

At 3.30 p.m. the refugees began to arrive. They were placed in a 
large quarantine room near the entrance, and all were examined 
by the surgeons, — throat, nose, scalp and skin being especially 
observed. After inspection they were passed through into their 
quarters. All these refugees had been thoroughly examined on 
the preceding day by the Boston board of health and pronounced 
free from disease. We found no disease of consequence among 
them, the principal ailment being pediculosis, with which many of 
them were infected. This rule of quarantining new refugees at 
their entrance until thoroughly examined was enforced throughout 
our tour. All the refugees had arrived at 6 p.m. They had supper 
at 7 p.m. and lights were put out at 9 p.m., the women and children 
being comfortably housed in the Battery Armory and the men and 
boys in the main drill shed. A single mattress and double blanket 
were provided for each individual. 

Arrangements were made to have five night and five day nurses 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 143 

in the women's quarters. The night nurses regulated the ventila- 
tion and temperature and watched for coughs among the children 
noting those with evidence of sickness and reporting the same on 
the following morning. This was the principal means for discov- 
ering sick children, as the parents were afraid to report them for 
fear of their being sent away. The day nurses supervised the 
bathing of the babies and children, assisted in the daily inspection 
by the surgeons and treated the sick. 

Every morning the children under fifteen were stripped to the 
waist and examined by the surgeons, especially the throat, skin, 
scalp, eyes and nose. Those afflicted were recorded and set aside 
for treatment, details of which may be found in the sick report. 

Each morning and afternoon a batch of the adults, male and 
female, were sent to the Dover Street baths, thus adding to the 
comfort of themselves and others. The younger children were 
bathed in the armory, all of them being compelled to keep them- 
selves clean. 

The main drill shed was sprinkled with wet sawdust and swept 
every day. The battery armory was sprinkled with a solution of 
sulpho-naphthol and swept every two hours, as these rooms were 
the living quarters of the entire body during the day. The sweep- 
ing was done by the men refugees, under supervision of the Ambu- 
lance Corps men. Barrels were placed conveniently for refuse and 
labelled with Yiddish signs. 

As the babies had only one or two diapers, and the mothers 
insisted on washing these in the water-closet bowls and hanging 
them on the radiators to dry, we had cheese cloth diapers made and 
the old ones destroyed. These, when soiled, were thrown into 
marked barrels and later destroyed, a new one being issued when 
asked for. 

Each morning and afternoon the children were taken out by 
volunteer escorts for an airing. 

No serious illness appeared among the refugees. On April 16, 
one woman, Rosa Malt, developed signs of acute mania and was 
quietly sent to the Boston City Hospital. The cases of scabies, 
impetigo contagiosa and pediculosis were isolated tolerably well 
and put under treatment. Most of these cases got well before 
leaving the armory. Several cases of suspicious measles developed, 
and Dr. Shea of the board of health was called and pronounced 
them not measles. 

We got along very well with the refugees, no difficulty arising 
except on one occasion, when one of the men refused to do his 
share of work. He had been a disturber from the start and was 



144 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

demoralizing the discipline. He was ordered under arrest, placed 
in a cell and confined for five hours. At the end of that time he 
was very willing to go to work. 

All our refugees were Russian Jews, only a few of them speaking 
English. It was very difficult to keep an account of the number 
in the building, as families were leaving and entering each day 
and the men were allowed to be out all day seeking work. The 
first nights we had approximately 300, but after that they kept 
diminishing, more leaving each day than' entered. 

Our guard was posted day and night at the entrances, kitchen 
and male toilets, and at night at the door separating the male from 
the female refugees. They preserved order, prevented smoking, 
stopped littering of floors and guarded entrances. They did their 
work, often under trying circumstances, with rare good judgment 
and tact. Our men co-operated with the volunteer Jewish workers 
very willingly and pleasantly, no friction arising. , 

Reveille was sounded at 6 a.m. and lights out at 9 p.m. 

The garbage and refuse were removed twice daily, by special 
arrangement with the city authorities. 

The food for the refugees was supplied by Mr. Berman, a Jew- 
ish caterer, and was under the supervision of the local representa- 
tives of the Federated Jewish Charities, who pronounced it satis- 
factory. Our men were fed by a caterer, under the supervision of 
Lieutenant Malloy, and were very well provided for. 

At the end of the tour the mattresses and blankets were sent to 
Galloup's Island, Boston harbor, where the mattresses were burned 
and the blankets disinfected. 

On April 17 First Lieut. Edward Cunningham, Medical Depart- 
ment, relieved Capt. Malcolm Seymour. On April 23 the guard 
was reduced from 37 to 25 men. 

The representatives of the relief committee, Dr. E. A. Bradford 
and Mr. Alexander Whiteside, met all our requests for supplies 
very quickly, and were very kind and obliging in furnishing disin- 
fectants, medicines, etc. 

On April 25 the last refugees had left, at 10 a.m., and we policed 
the entire building, returned the fire extinguishers, turned the keys 
over to the armorer and vacated at 3 p.m., by order of the Adjutant 
General. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Patrick F. Butler, 
Captain and Assistant Surgeon, Medical Department, M. V. M. 

Commanding post at South Armory, April 15-25, 1908. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 145 



Headquarters, Coast Artillery Corps, M. V. M. 
Boston, April 16, 1909. 

Adjutant General, M. V. M., State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to render the following report of the 
tour of duty performed by myself, and by the various companies 
placed under my command, on the occasion of the recent fire in 
Chelsea, Mass. 

I received telephonic orders from you at 6 p.m., Sunday, April 12, 
to at once assemble Coast Artillery Corps and await further orders. 
These orders were confirmed by telegraphic orders from you, re- 
ceived at 7.10 p.m., and were supplemented as hereafter mentioned. 

In compliance with these orders I at once assembled the six 
Boston companies in my command, and caused the Fourth, Sixth, 
Ninth, Tenth and Twelfth companies, stationed at New Bedford, 
Cambridge, Taunton, Brockton and Fall River, respectively, to be 
assembled in their respective armories, the Fifth Company, stationed 
in Chelsea, having already been called out by Mayor Beck of that 
city by precept, and report of same having been made by Capt. 
William Renfrew, as required by law. 

At 8 o'clock I received further orders from you to have the 
Fourth, Ninth, Tenth and Twelfth Companies dismissed, and to 
proceed with the remainder of my command at once to Chelsea. 
The Fifth Company of my command, stationed at Chelsea, had 
been assembled at about 2 p.m., and were already on duty in Chel- 
sea, and at 8.30 p.m. five companies, the Second, Third, Seventh, 
Eighth and Eleventh, left the armory for Chelsea, under command 
of Major Lombard. Accompanied by my adjutant, I preceded 
the companies by a few minutes and went directly to Chelsea, 
arriving there shortly after 9 p.m. 

By your orders I was placed in command of the military forces 
detailed for duty, and military headquarters were at once estab- 
lished in the private office of the chief of police, municipal building, 
Chelsea. At this time the Fifth Company, C. A. C, and Company 

B, Eighth Infantry, were on duty in the city. The Fifth Company, 

C. A. C, had been on duty since about 2 p.m., and had its men 
stationed at various points throughout the city, the city hall and 
the ruins of the three banks and trust companies on Broadway 
being especially guarded. 

Company B, Eighth Infantry, was stationed at Chelsea Square, 
and a company of the United States Marine Corps, under command 
of Captain Hill, was stationed at the two bridges entering the city 
from the west and along the southwestern boundary of the burned 
district, along Suffolk Street to Highland Street. 



146 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The Second, Third,* Seventh, Eighth and Eleventh companies, 
C. A. C, reported to me at about 10.30, and before 11.15, Com- 
pany B, Fifth Infantry, and the First and Sixth companies, C. A. C, 
also reported for duty, and I directed that with these eight companies 
a chain of sentinels be established around the burned district. 

Captain Renfrew, Fifth Company, C. A. C, acted as guide on 
this expedition, and Captain Fullerton, adjutant, C. A. C, was 
directed to accompany the troops and make note of the respective 
stations of the companies. 

Two companies, Company B, Fifth Infantry, and Eleventh 
Company, C. A. C, were left at the Cary school on Second Street, 
with instructions to cover Second Street from Broadway to Carter 
Street, thence down Carter Street to the Boston & Maine Railroad 
tracks. Major Cutler, Eighth Infantry, was placed in command 
of these companies, with headquarters at the Cary school. 

The First Company, C. A. C, was stationed along the, Boston 
& Maine Railroad tracks from Carter Street to Washington Avenue 
bridge, with headquarters at the Chelsea railroad station. 

The Second Company, C. A. C, was stationed along the tracks 
from the Washington Avenue bridge to the junction of the Boston 
& Maine tracks with the Boston & Albany tracks, also placing 
men on both the Washington Avenue and Broadway bridges. This 
company made its headquarters in a stable near the railroad tracks, 
just off Broadway. 

Major Lombard was placed in charge of the line of sentinels 
along the railroad track, and established his headquarters with the 
second company. 

The Eighth Company, C. A. C, was stationed along the Boston 
& Albany tracks from the junction with the Boston & Maine tracks 
to the Bellingham Street bridge. It established its headquarters in 
the open alongside of the tracks, about midway between the ex- 
tremities of its line. 

The Seventh Company was stationed along Bellingham Street 
from the bridge to Eastern Avenue, and along Eastern Avenue to 
Central Avenue, crossing the railroad tracks, with headquarters at 
the flag house at the railroad tracks. 

The Third Company, C. A. C, was stationed along Central 
Avenue, to Highland Street, and along Highland Street to Suffolk 
Street, where its line connected with that of the company of United 
States marines; its headquarters were at the corner of Highland 
Street and Central A venue. 

The Sixth Company partially relieved the Fifth Company, and 
stationed its men at the following places: a corporal and 8 men 
about city hall ruins; 3 men at ruins of First National Bank; 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 147 

3 men at ruins of Five Cents Savings Bank; 3 men at ruins^of 
Chelsea Trust Company; Lieutenant Lombard and Sergeant Mont- 
gomery at Judge Fitz's house on Clark Avenue, where currency 
from city hall had been placed; 3 men guarding wagons, harnesses 
and a large amount of personal property stacked in a private yard 
on Crescent Street near Broadway; the rest of the company at the 
high school on Chestnut Street, where headquarters of the company 
were established. 

Between 11.30 and 12 midnight companies A, H and L, Fifth 
Infantry, reported for duty. Companies A and L were assigned 
to the Carter Street playgrounds corner of Everett Avenue, to guard 
tents and other property that had been provided by Quartermaster 
General Emery. 

Soon after the above troops were stationed the First Corps Cadets, 
under command of Lieutenant Colonel Talbot, arrived, and re- 
lieved the company of marines and established additional posts 
along the line from Highland Street to Broadway, via Suffolk and 
Marginal streets, covering also the Meridian Street (East Boston) 
and Charlestown bridges. My adjutant, Captain Fullerton, re- 
ported to me at about 2.45 a.m. that the troops had been stationed 
as above outlined. 

In the meantime I directed my quartermaster, Capt. Guy Murchie 
to make necessary provisions for rationing the troops, and if 
possible to secure a supply of hot coffee and whatever food he could 
obtain to serve to the men as early as possible, inasmuch as many 
of the men had left home without their supper. Captain Murchie 
secured a quantity of bread, cooked meats, canned tomatoes and 
coffee from Boston supply houses and hotels and had them ;it 
Chelsea just prior to 3 a.m., and I directed him to proceed at once 
to distribute same. Captain Fullerton was directed to accompany 
Captain Murchie on this expedition to indicate to him where the 
various companies were stationed. The distribution of provisions 
was completed by 6 a.m. Monday. During the early morning hours 
on Monday, companies A, C, E, K and M, Eighth Infantry, under 
command of Colonel Sweetser, reported for duty. At 7 a.m. Com- 
pany K, Eighth Infantry, relieved Company B, Eighth Infantry, 
which had been on duty in Chelsea Square since early Sunday 
evening. The chart accompanying this report shows approxi- 
mately the hours when each company went on duty, where it was 
stationed and when it was relieved. In some cases there were 
delays in receiving orders, so that the hours indicated may not show 
exactly when the changes were made, but the chart is practically 
correct. 

Early Monday forenoon, on account of the large number of people 



148 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

who wished to go through the city, a double chain of sentinels was 
placed along both sides of Broadway, and Broadway was thrown 
open to the public. Four companies were utilized for this purpose. 
At the same time the city was divided into four tactical commands, 
as follows : — 

First. — Two companies on westerly end of Broadway, one com- 
pany in Chelsea Square, two companies along Second Street and 
adjacent streets, through Carter Street, to the railroad, constituted 
the first district, over which Major Cutler, Eighth Infantry, was 
placed in command, with headquarters at the Cary school. 

Second. — Three companies along Boston & Maine tracks from 
Carter Street to the junction with Boston & Albany tracks; two 
companies along eastern end of Broadway and the company having 
independent posts at city hall ruins, ruins of banks, etc. Major 
Lombard was placed in command of this district, and headquarters 
were established at the high school building, later changed to 3road- 
way bridge. 

Third. — Southerly district, comprising the company on Eastern 
Avenue and Bellingham Street and the company on Central Avenue 
and Highland Street, Major Quinby in command. No district 
headquarters were established for this district as it was an out- 
lying, one, and Major Quinby was usually at Colonel Nutter's 
headquarters and could easily be communicated with. 

Fourth. — Southwest district, four companies of First Corps 
Cadets, under command of lieutenant Colonel Talbot, with head- 
quarters at G. A. R. hall. 

On account of the congestion on Broadway, which steadily in- 
creased after the issuance of the order opening same to the public, 
it became necessary about 4.30 p.m. Monday to instruct sentinels 
at both extremities of Broadway to stop all ingress into the burned 
district for about one hour, and clear Broadway as rapidly as pos- 
sible. Broadway was thus practically cleared, and thereafter, 
especially during rush hours, people were allowed to enter slowly. 
This was accomplished by allowing them to enter in groups, then 
when a group had advanced a few hundred feet allow another 
group to enter, and so on. 

The post-office officials having established a temporary post- 
office on Park Street near the police station, late Monday afternoon, 
and asked for a guard over same, Colonel Talbot was ordered at 
7.30 p.m. to detail a sentinel, with relief, to report to the postmaster 
for duty- 

At 9 p.m. Company L, Fifth Infantry, was ordered to withdraw 
its men on guard along Broadway at 10 p.m., and proceed to its 
home station and be dismissed. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 149 

At 7 p.m. orders were also issued to Majors Cutler and Lombard 
to have guards on Broadway and at the Washington Avenue bridge, 
keeping Washington Avenue and Broadway open until 10 p.m., 
after which hour and until 6 a.m. Tuesday only those having a 
pass or the following would be admitted: police officers, regular 
or special, in uniform or with badge; firemen in uniform or with 
badge; letter carriers in uniform; linemen with badge or on pass 
book of railroad company; telephone men with badge; messenger 
boys in uniform; United States government officials with badge; 
street railroad men in uniform; associated press representatives 
with badge; members of relief committee with white ribbon badge. 
Between 6 and 9 a.m. Tuesday both Washington Avenue and 
Broadway to be open to the public; between 10 p.m. Monday and 
6 a.m. Tuesday any of the above persons, or those having pass 
issued either by the Adjutant General's office, Colonel Nutter, Dr. 
McClintock, Mr. Thomas or Chief of Police Shannon to be 
admitted; after 9 a.m. Tuesday only the above-excepted classes 
and those having pass issued by the Adjutant General's office, or 
one of the new blue or white passes issued by Colonel Nutter and 
countersigned by Chief of Police Shannon. 

In several cases permission was granted to individuals to enter 
the lines and open safes on their premises, but such permission was 
in each case conditioned upon such person securing permission 
from the chief of police, and being accompanied by a policeman 
for identification purposes. 

At various times during Monday and Tuesday memorandum 
orders were issued for placing small guards about the temporary 
depots established for the issuing of clothing. Most of these details 
were made from the First Corps Cadets, the depots being at Eagle 
hall, Winnisimmet Street, and wagons stationed on Winnisimmet 
Street. 

On Tuesday forenoon the Boston & Northern Railroad were 
allowed to run their cars through Broadway on condition that doors 
were closed before entering burned district and not opened until 
after passing outside said district. The same permission was 
granted the Boston Elevated Railroad to run their East Boston 
tunnel cars through the burned district on similar conditions, dis- 
charging passengers east of the Broadway bridge. At 12.45 p.m., 
upon representation from the Boston Elevated officials that t la- 
Broadway bridge was not safe for their large cars, permission was 
granted for their cars to enter the Gerrish Avenue car house, taking 
and discharging passengers at that point, and necessary orders 
were issued to draw in the sentinels at the Broadway bridge to a 
point just inside Gerrish Avenue. 



150 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



At 12.50 p.m. Captain Hall, Seventh Company, C. A. C, reported 
the finding of a body about 100 feet from the corner of Walnut and 
Fourth streets. The police were notified, who in turn notified the 
medical examiner. 

At 4.30 p.m. a detail from Company B, Eighth Infantry, was 
sent to the Spencer school for guard duty there. 

At 2 p.m. Tuesday a conference was held at headquarters between 
Mayor Beck, Chief of Police Shannon, Chief of Fire Department, 
City Solicitor James, the Adjutant General, and Colonel Nutter, 
at which the question of retaining or dismissing the troops was 
thoroughly discussed. All the city officials being of the opinion 
that all but two companies of the troops could be dismissed without 
harm, Adjutant General Brigham offered to leave the Fifth Com- 
pany, C. A. C, and Company E, Fifth Infantry, which had re- 
ported for duty between 6 and 7 a.m. Tuesday, for duty during 
Tuesday night, and send in two companies from Lynn at 6 a.m. 
Wednesday morning, dismissing all other troops on duty at 10 p.m. 
Tuesday. This being entirely acceptable to the city officials, 
Colonel Nutter was directed to carry out the withdrawal of the 
troops at about 10 p.m., with further directions not to publish any 
orders therefor until as late an hour as possible, in order that the 
withdrawal of the troops might be kept secret until the troops 
actually went out. 

Orders were issued to each of the companies and officers in 
command between 8.45 and 9.15 p.m., the Quartermaster General 
made the necessary arrangements for electric cars and the various 
companies were ordered to leave as follows: — 



Ordered to 
leave at — 



Car left 
Chelsea at- 



Company A, Fifth Infantry, leaves Everett Avenue and Carter 
Street at ....... 

Companies K and M, Eighth Infantry, leave Gerrish Avenue 
car barn for Somerville at 

Companies B and H, Fifth Infantry, leave Chelsea Square 
for Charlestown at ...... . 

Company A, Eighth Infantry ) , f!hpl«w»a Snuarp for f 

Company C, Eighth Infantry T Ta m wS at 

Company E, Eighth Infantry J 



Sixth Company, C. A. C, leaves Chelsea Square for Cam 
bridge at ....... 

First Corps Cadets leaves. Chelsea Square for Boston at 

First Company, C. A. C. 

Second Company, C. A. C. 

Third Company, C. A. C. 

Seventh Company, C. A. C. 

Eighth Company, C. A. C. 

Eleventh Company, C. A. C. 



leave Chelsea Square for Bos- 
ton at ... 



10 P.M. 
10 P.M. 
10 P.M. 

10.15 p.m. 
10.15 p.m. 
10.15 p.m., 

10.15 p.m. 
10.30 p.m., 
10.45 p.m., 
10.45 p.m., 
10.45 p.m., 
10.45 p.m. 
10.45 p.m. 
10.45 p.m. 



10 P.M. 

10.05 p.m. 

10.08 p.m. 
10.20 p.m. 
10.20 p.m 
10.32 p.m. 

11.15 P.M. 
10.27 p.m. 
11.05 p.m. 
10.50 p.m. 
10.50 p.m. 
10.50 p.m. 
10.50 p.m. 
10.50 p.m. 



Early Monday morning, April 13, the congestion at headquarters 
became so great that I deemed it advisable to establish a bureau of 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 151 

information, and ordered Col. E. Leroy Sweetser, Eighth Infantry, 
to take charge of this work, which he did, in a vacant store just 
across the square from the police station, and soon officers and 
men detailed were busy gathering and dispensing valuable infor- 
mation to anxious friends and relatives. Just before noon I learned 
that the city officials were about to start another bureau of informa- 
tion, and I arranged with them to take up the work so admirably 
begun by Colonel Sweetser and his associates. Colonel Sweetser, 
thus relieved, was given charge of issuance of passes on the west 
side of the burned area, and managed the affair very satisfactorily. 

Rumors of theft, violence and murder were investigated, but I 
fail to find evidence of theft; on the contrary, I turned over to the 
chief of police, when received, several watches, pins and pieces of 
jewelry picked up by the troops and handed to me at headquarters. 
In some cases vigorous measures were necessary, but I failed to 
find undue force exercised. Murder, no. The only cause for this 
rumor that I could find was the fact that several cats and dogs 
that had been badly burned and were suffering were ordered shot 
to put them out of misery. 

I desire to commend the troops, both officers and men, for the 
great zeal and loyalty displayed and the excellent manner in which 
they acquitted themselves under trying circumstances, and to 
thank you, sir, for the prompt and hearty support accorded me 
after having been put in command. 

Having completed the withdrawal of troops, as directed by you, 
I turned the command over to Col. E. Leroy Sweetser about 10 
p.m. April 14, 1908. 

Very respectfully, 

Chas. P. Nutter, 

Colonel, C. A. C. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. f 
Boston, April 23, 1908. 

The Adjutant General, State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to present the following report of the 
tour of duty performed by companies of my command at Chelsea, 
from April 12 to 14, both inclusive. 

Pursuant to verbal orders from the Adjutant General, I directed 
companies A, B and H of my command to report to Colonel Nutter, 
at Winnisimmet Square, Chelsea, on Sunday, April 12, between 
the hours of 10 and 11 p.m., Company L having reported earlier 
in the day, about 4 p.m., to the chief of police of the city. 

On arrival, companies L and B were ordered to perform general 



152 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

guard and patrol duty, and companies A and H were ordered to 
report to the Quartermaster General for service in pitching tents 
for the temporary use of persons whose homes had been destroyed. 

The troops remained on duty until Tuesday night at 10 o'clock 
(with the exception of Company L, which was relieved Monday 
night), when they were relieved and returned to their home stations. 
Company E of this regiment was ordered to report on Tuesday 
morning at 7 a.m., and it continued on duty until Thursday night. 

The conduct of the men was most exemplary, and they per- 
formed their duties in a most satisfactory and efficient manner. 

The strength of the companies at the time they reported was as 
follows: A, 1 officer and 22 men; H, 2 officers and 21 men; B, 3 
officers and 37 men; L, 3 officers and 35 men; E, 3 officers and 54 
men. 

While in some instances this attendance may seem small, con- 
sidering the fact that the companies reported for duty within two 
or three hours after receiving their orders, and the day being Sun- 
day, I feel that the attendance was very satisfactory. 

Very respectfully, 

William H. Oakes, 

Colonel. 

Headquarters Eighth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., 
Cambridge, June 1, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to forward my report on the duty per- 
formed at the Chelsea fire, April 12 to 20, 1908, inclusive. 

I arrived in Chelsea about 4 p.m. on Sunday, April 12, while the 
fire was in progress, and was informed by the mayor that assistance 
from the militia had already been requested. 

At 5 p.m. Capt. George A. Kyle, Company B, Eighth Regiment, 
reported to me in Chelsea Square with his company and volunteered 
their services. After consulting with the police authorities, they 
were immediately placed on duty in Chelsea Square, where they 
were very much needed. Companies A, C and E, Eighth Regi- 
ment, of Cambridge, and companies K and M, Eighth Regiment, 
of Somerville, sent word to me that they were assembling at their 
armories and were ready if needed; also companies D and I, 
Eighth Regiment, of Lynn, assembled their companies at their 
armories and reported the same to me. In the meantime, I had 
been trying to get in communication with your office, through 
Capt. Harry L. Brown, regimental adjutant, to report these facts. 

At 6.30 o'clock Capt. Frank F. Cutting, Company L, Fifth Regi- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 153 

ment, of Maiden, reported to me with his company and volunteered 
their services. They were immediately placed on duty along 
Broadway, with special guards over the bank buildings and other 
valuable property, keeping the crowd from following in the wake 
of the fire. The marines of the navy yard, commanded by Major 
Hill, formed a line connecting with Captain Kyle's company in 
Chelsea Square, and extending in the direction of East Boston. 

This disposition held the crowd from Boston in check, and they 
assisted the injured and kept a passage open for the fire depart- 
ments and ambulances. This arrangement continued until the 
arrival of Col. Charles P. Nutter with the troops under his com- 
mand, and he immediately took charge of the situation. By your 
direction I ordered companies A, C, E, K and M, Eighth Regiment, 
to report at 7 a.m., April 13, at which time I reported with them to 
Colonel Nutter, and by his directions they were ordered to relieve 
those companies which had been on duty the longest. By per- 
mission of Colonel Nutter I organized a bureau of information, 
taking possession of a vacant store in Chelsea Square and placing 
a detail with Lieut. William J. Keville in charge, and they con- 
tinued there and did good work until relieved some time later by a 
citizen committee. I rendered such assistance to Colonel Nutter 
as he directed, and at his request organized a system for examina- 
tion of applicants for passes within the lines, which was carried on 
during the afternoon of the 13th and all day the 14th. Colonel 
Nutter worked hard night and day, without taking time to eat or 
sleep, and his control of the situation was such that on Tuesday 
night there was no longer any necessity for so many troops remain- 
ing on duty, and consequently they were all sent to their home 
stations except the Fifth Company, C. A. C, of Chelsea, and Com- 
pany E, Fifth Regiment, of Medford. By your direction 1 relieved 
Colonel Nutter at 10 p.m., Tuesday, April 14, and patrolled the 
streets with details from these two companies during the night, 
and on Wednesday morning, April 15, companies D and I, Eighth 
Regiment, reported at 6 a.m. A map of the burned district having 
been prepared, and the district divided into four sections, each of 
the four companies were assigned to a section, with the accessary 
instructions to guard and protect property, and the company com- 
manders were held responsible for the same. Passes were done 
away with and the public were allowed to go upon the streets of the 
burned district, but not to enter upon or touch private property 
without a permit from these headquarters. 

General Orders, No. 1, was issued and read as follows: — 



154 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, 

Chelsea, Mass., April 15, 1908. 

General Orders, 

No. 1. 

I. The headquarters of this battalion will be at the Chelsea police 
station until further orders. 

II. Officers will be held strictly accountable for the safety of all 
private property within their districts, and will allow no one to disturb 
or carry away any private property from. the ruins without a permit 
signed by Herbert W. Stebbins, or upon order from the proper au- 
thorities. 

III. Enlisted men will not leave the street to trespass upon private 
property, nor will they touch any private property except to save it 
from loss, and then turn it over at once to their commanding officers. 
Sentinels will treat all persons courteously in enforcing orders. 

IV. All officers and men will co-operate and assist the members of 
the city government, the police department and authorized committees 
in their work. 

V. Lieutenant Williams, assistant surgeon, Eighth Infantry, will 
make an inspection of the sanitary conditions within the city limits 
and report to these headquarters. 

VI. Captain Whitney, Fifth Infantry, will inspect and report all 
walls that are unsafe within the burned district. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 

Lieut. Frank P. Williams, as directed, made an inspection and 
report upon the sanitary conditions of quarters occupied by troops, 
and of all places occupied by refugees, and the depots where food 
and clothing were distributed, and his recommendations were car- 
ried out. This inspection was continued daily. 

Capt. Orville J. Whitney, Company E, Fifth Regiment, who is 
a civil engineer for the city of Medford, made an inspection as 
directed, and a copy of his report was sent to the mayor and city 
engineer of Chelsea, and guards were immediately placed near 
dangerous walls and over sidewalks which were in danger of falling 
in, and kept there until the walls had been pulled down and the 
sidewalk made safe. 

Suitable details were placed to guard the deposit vaults in the 
ruins of bank buildings until the property could be removed to a 
place of safety. Arrangements were made to allow owners to 
search their ruins for valuable property and for safes and permits 
were issued to them for this purpose after proper identification of 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 155 

both person and property. The permits were changed in color 
from day to day to prevent their fraudulent use. When a safe was 
found it was reported, and permitted to be opened only in the 
presence of a police officer and the owner, and its contents iden- 
tified. 

Much credit is due to the guard from the fact that of all the safes 
recovered only one was reported as having been opened without 
authority, and upon careful investigation it was found that there 
was a question about the ownership of this safe, and that it contained 
nothing of value. 

All possible arrangements were made to facilitate the work of 
insurance adjusters, city departments, the lighting companies and 
the street railway company. 

Company E, Fifth Regiment, and companies D and I, Eighth 
Regiment, were relieved at 10 p.m., April 16, and companies D, E 
and I, Ninth Regiment, under command of Capt. John H. Dunn, 
reported at 4 a.m., April 17, and were on duty until 10 p.m., 
April 18. 

The constantly increasing crowd of spectators on Saturday, 
April 18, made the assistance of mounted men necessary, and Troop 
A, First Squadron Cavalry, Capt. Fred E. Robinson, reported and 
were sent out on detail by Special Orders, No. 4. They were 
relieved at 9 p.m. The street railway people were advertising and 
bringing large crowds to the ruins, and special arrangements had 
to be made to control the crowd and protect property on Sunday 
and Monday, April 19 and 20, the 20th being observed as a holi- 
day. The following letter concerning this was received from the 

mayor: — 

Mayor's Office, Chelsea, Mass., April 18, 1908. 

Col. E. Leroy Sweetser, Chelsea, Mass. 

Dear Sir: — We request you to use your own judgment in the 
matter of the control of the persons and vehicles in the streets on 
April 19 and 20; also as to the streets from which the public shall 
be totally or partially excluded, believing that the necessities of the 
occasion require this vesting of temporary control in your hands. 

Of course we assume that you will co-operate with the chief of police, 
as you have done in the past, so that there may be no friction between 
the military and civil authorities. 

Yours respectfully, 

John E. Beck, 

Mayor. 

Guards and patrols were increased to the strength of the whole 
detail as the crowd increased. Electric cars were prevented from 
stopping within the district except at the junction, and the thorough- 



156 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

fares kept open by such measures as General Orders, No. 12. All 
work or examination of property was stopped, and the people were 
kept moving in the streets. The Second Corps Cadets, Lieut. 
Col. John E. Spencer commanding, Company H, Eighth Regiment, 
Capt. William H. Perry, and Troop D, First Squadron Cavalry, 
Capt. Charles A. Schmitz, reported at 7 a.m., Sunday, the 19th, and 
these organizations were on duty until all were relieved at 10 p.m., 
April 20. 

Troops upon reporting were assigned at once to quarters and 
given their orders and copies of all previous orders, and before 
they were allowed to depart, when relieved, their quarters were 
policed and inspected (see General Orders, No. 5), and an officer 
detailed to inspect and report upon the condition and appearance 
of the men, giving special attention to the presence of any souvenirs 
or any private property (see Special Orders, No. 3). Arrests were 
made by sentinels of suspicious characters. Persons searching the 
ruins or carrying away private property without permission were 
turned over to the civil authorities. The crowds were very orderly 
and were mostly sight seeing. Souvenir hunters were warned and 
ordered off private property or brought to headquarters. An arrest 
was made by Lieut. William W. Cann of an automobilist who re- 
fused to stop his automobile when requested and who used insult- 
ing language. A complaint was made against him under chapter 
16, section 142, of the Revised Laws, for insulting an officer while 
on duty. He was prosecuted personally by the commanding officer 
in the police court of Chelsea, found guilty and sentenced to six 
months imprisonment by the court, and the effect of this action 
was very apparent. 

The work on this tour of duty was exacting, the hours long and 
the quarters uncomfortable. The result accomplished was a good 
test of the readiness and efficiency of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia in an emergency, and the experience was valuable to both 
officers and men. 

I submit herewith copies of all General Orders and such Special 
Orders as bear on this report. 

Very respectfully, 

E. Leroy Sweetser, 
Colonel, Eighth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Boston, April 20, 1908. 
The Adjutant General, M. V. M., State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir: — I have the honor to submit the following report of duty 
performed by the Provisional Battalion of the Ninth Regiment 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 157 

Infantry, M. V. M., consisting of companies D, E and I, at ( 'helsea, 
Mass., from April 17 to April 18, 1908, inclusive. 

Pursuant to telephone orders, Adjutant General's office, April 1G, 
which were confirmed by Special Orders, No. 69, A. G. O., dated 
April 16, 1908, the companies therein mentioned assembled at their 
quarters in the East Armory, Thursday evening, April 16, 1908. 

By virtue of paragraph 41, Massachusetts Regulations, I assumed 
command and published General Orders, No. 1 and No. 2, copies 
of which are hereto attached. I then confirmed arrangements for 
transportation, which had been previously arranged by Capt. 
James A. Culley with the Boston Elevated officials, to have three 
surface cars at the corner of Washington and East Newton streets 
at 3.15 a.m., Friday, April 17, 1908. 

A guard was mounted in the armory Thursday evening, April 16, 
1908, at 11.15, which consisted of 15 privates and 3 corporals; 
Lieutenant Copeland was detailed as' officer of the day. First call 
for reveille was sounded at 2.30 Friday morning, the assembly at 
3. During the intervening time between first call and the assembly 
sandwiches and coffee were served the men. Adjutant's call was 
sounded at 3.05. The companies reported promptly in the drill 
hall and the battalion was turned over to the commanding officer 
at 3.08. The command then marched to Washington Street via 
East Newton Street, where cars were in waiting, in accordance 
with the afore-mentioned arrangements. The troops entrained 
promptly at 3.15. At 3.17 a.m. the cars proceeded to Chelsea, and 
arrived at Chelsea Square at 4 a.m. 

The companies detrained in front of the police station in the 
square and formed promptly at 4.02 a.m. after which the com- 
manding officer reported the arrival of his command to the post 
adjutant; strength of command 141 enlisted men, 8 officers. 

Companies were assigned quarters in Grand Army hall, per 
General Orders, No. 6, headquarters Provisional Battalion; this 
order also provided specific duty to be performed by each company. 

In accordance with verbal orders, Colonel Sweetser, Eighth Regi- 
ment Infantry, M. V. M., post commander, the companies marched 
to the territories assigned to each at 5.30 a.m. Company I) relieved 
a detachment of the Fifth Company, Coast Artillery, M. V, M., 
which had been on duty on Broadway all nij^ht. There were no 
troops on duty in district assigned to Company E; Company I 
relieved detachments of the Fifth Company, Coast Artillery, which 
were stationed at the City hall vaults, Chelsea Savings Bank, Scenic 
Temple and the commissary department. This company also 
furnished details for companies I) and I on both da\ 

This duty in general consisted in guarding private property; 



158 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

keeping the people away from the dangerous places, where walls 
remained standing in numerous instances without any supports, 
and also seeing that no structures were erected without proper 
authority. All these matters were covered by General Orders, No. 

I, No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, No. 7, No. 8, No. 9, and No. 10, head- 
quarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass. General Orders, 
No. 5, provided for policing of quarters before leaving for home 
station. This order was strictly complied with and to the ex- 
pressed satisfaction of the inspecting 'officer. General Orders, No. 

II, provided for the time of assembly preparatory to leaving for 
home station. General Orders, No. 1, paragraph III., provided 
that enlisted men would not leave the street to trespass upon 
private property, etc. 

In addition to the above-quoted paragraph General Orders, No. 
1, paragraph III., General Orders, No. 11, paragraph II., provided 
that any breach of same should be called to the attention of the 
battalion commander by Lieutenant Lyman, headquarters Eighth 
Infantry, M. V. M. It is with pleasure that the battalion commander 
reports that not one instance- of a breach of said order was called 
to his attention during the tour of duty. 

The battalion assembled at 10 p.m., in conformity with General 
Orders, No. 11, and was inspected by the battalion commander; 
at 10.12 the command marched to Chelsea Square, where five sur- 
face cars were in waiting; 30 men were assigned to each car. The 
troops entrained promptly at 10.15, strength of command 150 en- 
listed men, 9 officers. The cars then proceeded to corner of Wash- 
ington and East Newton streets, where the troops detrained and 
marched to the armory, arriving at 11.10 p.m.; distance travelled 
7 miles. 

Copies of all General Orders issued by commanding officer 
Colonel Sweetser, Eighth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., are at- 
tached hereto, also reports of commanding officers of companies 
D, E and I, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. 

This entire duty was creditably performed by every officer and 
man. The customary method of relieving the guard every two 
hours was impossible under the conditions, and also on account 
of the vast territory to be covered, the average duty being about 
five hours on and two hours off. Notwithstanding this the officers 
and men performed this arduous duty with true soldierly spirit. 

Very respectfully, 

John H. Dunn, 
Captain Company D, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., 
Commanding Provisional Battalion. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 159 

Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Boston, April 1G, 19()v 

General Orders, 
No. 1. 

By virtue of paragraph 41, Massachusetts Regulations, I hereby 
assume command of the provisional battalion consisting of com- 
panies D, E and I, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., detailed 
for duty in compliance with telephone orders, Adjutant General's 
office, this day. 

John H. Duxx, 
Captain, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V . M ., 
Commanding Provisional Battalion. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Boston, April 16, 190S. 

General Orders, 
No. 2. 

I. In compliance with telephone order from Adjutant General's 
office this day, the companies comprising this provisional battalion 
will report to Col. E. Leroy Sweetser, commanding Eighth Regi- 
ment Infantry, M. V. M., at Chelsea, Mass., not later than 5 o'clock 
a.m., Friday, April 17, 1908. 

II. Blue uniforms, overcoat, campaign hat and leggins will be 
worn. Woolen blanket, poncho, canteen and haversack with mess 
kit and tin cup inside will be carried. 

III. The commanding officer has been advised by General 
White, Commissary General, M. V. M., that garrison rations will 
be issued at noon to-morrow. It is essential, therefore, that pro- 
vision be made as soon as possible to procure cooking utensils. 
Field ranges will not be necessary. 

IV. The commanding officer of each company will detail 1 
corporal and 5 privates to report to the battalion adjutant at 11 
p.m., April 16, for guard duty. Lieutenant Copeland, Company 1, 
is hereby detailed as commander of guard. He will allow none 
but members of the companies comprising the provisional battalion 
to remain in the armory after 11.15 p.m. 

V. First call will be sounded at 2.30 a.m., Friday, April 17, and 
assembly at 3 a.m. sharp. 

By order of Captain Dunn, 

Benjamin J. Flanigan, 

First Lieutenant <md Battalion Adjutant. 

Acting Adjutant. 



160 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 15, 1908. 

General Orders, ( 
No. 1. I 

I. The headquarters of this battalion will be at the Chelsea 
police station until further orders. 

II. Officers will be held strictly accountable for the safety of all 
private property within their districts, and will allow no one to 
disturb or carry away any private property from the ruins without 
a permit signed by Herbert W. Stebbins, or upon orders from the 
proper authorities. 

III. Enlisted men will not leave the street to trespass upon 
private property, nor will they touch any private property except 
to save it from loss and then turn it over at once to their command- 
ing officers. Sentinels will treat all persons courteously in enforcing 
orders. 

IV. All officers and men will co-operate with and assist the 
members of the city government, the police department and au- 
thorized committees in their work. 

V. Lieutenant Williams, assistant surgeon, Eighth Infantry, 
will make an inspection of the sanitary conditions within the city 
limits and report to these headquarters. 

VI. Captain Whitney, Fifth Infantry, will inspect and report 
all walls that are unsafe within the burned district. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 15, 1908. 

General Orders, 
No. 2. 

Company Commanders will see that no buildings of any kind 
are erected in the districts over which they have charge, and that 
work on any now in process of construction will be immediately 
stopped. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 161 

Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 15, 1908. 

General Orders, ) 
No. 3. J 

[Extract.] 

II. General Orders, No. 2, is hereby modified to the extent that 

permission to erect temporary structures is granted to those holding 

permits signed by Walter Batchelder, superintendent of buildings, 

if they conform to the conditions expressed in such permits. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 16, 1908. 

General Orders, ) 
No. 4. ) 

All persons having permits to open safes must be accompanied 
by a police officer, who will remain on the premises while such work 
is going on. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown. 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Headquarters Provisional BATTALION, ChZLSEA, Ma-., April Hi, 1908, 

General Orders, 
No. 5. 

I. Companies will not be permitted to proceed to their home 
stations until their quarters have been carefully policed and in- 
spected by an officer from these headquarters. 



162 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

II. Lieutenant Williams, assistant surgeon, Eighth Infantry, 
is hereby detailed to make this inspection. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Headquarters Provisioxal Battaxiox, 

Chelsea, Mass., April 17, 1908, 5 a.m. 

General Orders, ) , 

No. 6. i 

I. Company I, Ninth Regiment Infantry, will be quartered on 
the second floor of G. A. R. hall. Company D and Company E, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, will be quartered on the third floor of 
G. A. R. hall. 

• II. The commanding officer of Company D, Ninth Infantry, 
will make such disposition of his company as will best protect the 
property on both sides of Broadway and in all of the burned dis- 
trict north and west of Broadway. 

III. The commanding officer of Company E, Ninth Infantry, 
will make such disposition of his company as will best protect the 
property in all of the burned district south and east of Broadway. 

IV. The commanding officer of Company I, Ninth Infantry, 
will await further orders at the G. A. R. hall. 

V. Company commanders will report to the commanding of- 
ficer, at headquarters, at 8 a.m. each day. 

VI. Quarters will be carefully policed twice each day. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 163 

Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 17, 1906. 

General Orders, ) 
No. 7. J 

I. Permits to enter property for use on Friday, April 17, 1908, 
will be of a blue color, and permits of this color only will be honored. 

II. Permits to open safes, for use on Friday, April 17, 1908, 
will be of a blue-gray color, and permits of this color only will be 
honoTed. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 17, 1908. 

General Orders, ) 
No. 8. I 

Paragraph II, of General Orders, No. 7, is hereby rescinded. 
Permits to open safes, for use on Friday, April 17, 1908, will be 
yellow in color, and permits of this color, and this color only, will 
be honored. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown. 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



164 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 17, 1908. 

General Orders, 
No. 9. 

Permission is granted to persons holding pink tickets, signed by 
Herbert W. Stebbins, to examine premises in the burned district. 
By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 17, 1908. 

General Orders, \ 
No. 10. j 

Permits to enter property, for use on Saturday, April 18, 1908, 
will be green in color, and permits of this color, and this color only, 
will be accepted. 

Permits to open safes, for use on Saturday, April 18, 1908, will 
be of a salmon color, and permits of this color, and this color only, 
will be accepted. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Headquarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., April 18, 1908. 

Special Orders, j^ 
No. 4. \ 

1. The commanding officer of companies D, E and I, Ninth 
Infantry, M. V. M., will assemble his command at their quarters, 
at 10.15 p.m., April 18, 1908. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 165 

2. Lieutenant Lyman, headquarters Eighth Infantry, will report 
upon the condition and appearance of the troops as they leave for 
their home stations, giving special attention to the presence of any 
souvenirs or other private property upon the men, and will imme- 
diately call the attention of the battalion commander to any viola- 
tion of section III., General Orders, No. 1. 

3. Companies will proceed to their home stations upon notifi- 
cation, by Captain Clark, quartermaster, Eighth Infantry, of the 
arrival of their cars. 

By order of Colonel Sweetser, 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 
Official. 

Harry L. Brown, 
First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant, 
Acting Adjutant. 



Company D, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V- M., 
Boston, April 21, 1908. 

The Adjutant, Provisional Battalion, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M . 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report of duty 
performed by this company on April 17 and 18, current, in con- 
nection with the fire at Chelsea, Mass., on April 12. 

In accordance with telephone order from Capt. J. H. Dunn, 
received by me at 6.30 p.m., April 16, I reported at the East Armory 
at 7 p.m., and there received further orders to assemble the com- 
pany forthwith, using the alarm list for this purpose. Through 
the courtesy of Maj. Walter Scott Hale, aid-de-camp, staff of the 
Commander-in-Chief, I was tendered the use of his two automo- 
biles, which greatly facilitated the work of notifying the men, many 
of whom reside at points distant from the armory, in West Rox- 
bury, Cambridge, Somerville, East Boston, and Dorchester, and 
most of whom were attending holy week services, which necessi- 
tated more than one call in nearly each instance. 

Of the total enrollment of 54 men and 3 officers, 39 men and 2 
officers reported before 10 p.m., April 16, Privates Evans, Cronin 
and McDowell reported April 17, and Corporal Kelliher reported 
Saturday morning. Lieut. John J. Dwyer, on leave of absence, 
reported for duty April 17, and was assigned to special duty by 
the provisional battalion commander. Total Dumber of offii 
and men present for duty on the tour, 46. 



166 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

This company, forming part of the provisional battalion consist- 
ing of companies D, E and I, Ninth Regiment Infantry, armed and 
equipped in accordance with General Orders, No. 2, headquarters 
provisional battalion, Ninth Regiment Infantry, dated April 16, 
1908, left the armory at 3.10 a.m., and boarded trolley cars at 
Washington and East Newton streets, Friday, April 17, at 3.15 
a.m., for Chelsea, Mass., arriving at Chelsea Square, Chelsea, at 
4 a.m., April 17. Quarters were assigned with Company E in 
upper Grand Army hall, Park Street, near Chelsea Square. 

The duty assigned to the company was the guarding of Broad- 
way, Chelsea, both sides, from Chelsea Square to Gerrish Avenue, 
and all that portion of the burned district north of Broadway. 
The first detail, consisting of 2 sergeants, 2 corporals and 20 pri- 
vates, was posted throughout this district at 5.30 a.m., relieving a 
detail of the Fifth Company, C. A. C. It was impossible to prop- 
erly perform the duties assigned if the command were divided into 
three reliefs, consequently sentinels were relieved intermittently, 
the work being divided as near equally as possible until 10 p.m., 
at which time all sentinels were relieved, and a patrol consisting of 
3 men and a corporal covered the district until 2 a.m., April 18. 
At 2 a.m. the patrol was relieved by a detail from Company I. 

. At 6.50 p.m., April 17, Corporal Fleming and Private Sheppard 
arrested two civilians for taking property from the ruins at the 
corner of Everett Avenue and Poplar Street. The names of the 
prisoners were Cauria Curick and Felko Aphstick, both residing 
at 3 Auburn Place, Chelsea. I was directed by Colonel Sweetser, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., commanding officer, to turn 
the prisoners over to the civil authorities, and to witness the search 
by same. Property consisting of hammer heads, hatchets and 
brass work, apparently having been taken from the ruins, was 
found on the person of each, and they were arraigned before the 
Chelsea police court, Saturday, April 18, and the case then con- 
tinued. 

Saturday, April 18, commencing at 5.30 A.M., guards were posted 
throughout the same district as on the preceding day, Company I 
furnishing a detail of 10 men to assist in the work. At 1 p.m. 
mounted details from Troop A, Cavalry, M. V. M., patrolled the 
streets of the district. Details were relieved regularly up to 9.45 
p.m., when orders were received to prepare to return to Boston. 
The company left Chelsea Square on trolley cars about 10.10 p.m., 
arriving at the East Armory at 11.10 p.m., and were then dismissed. 

Garrison rations drawn from the commissary were served through- 
out the tour and were excellent in quality. The food was well pre- 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 167 

pared by the company cooks. Sanitary arrangements in the 
company quarters were very poor, the sewer connections being 
stopped. This was remedied by a member of the company, a 
plumber by occupation. Quarters were kept thoroughly policed. 
I cannot speak too highly of the cheerful manner in which the 
men performed the duties assigned to them. 

Very respectfully, 

Thomas F. Sullivan, 
Second Lieutenant Commanding. 



Company I, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. Y. If., 
Boston, Mass., April 21, 1908. 

Adjutant, Provisional Battalion, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V.'M. 

Sir: — At 4.15 p.m., Thursday, April 16, 1908, I received tele- 
phone orders from Colonel Mossman, Assistant Adjutant General, 
A. G. O., at my business address, 132 Federal Street, Boston Mass., 
to immediately prepare my company for duty at Chelsea, Mass., 
and to report to Colonel Sweetser, Eighth Regiment Infantry, at 
the headquarters of Provisional Battalion, located at police head- 
quarters, Chelsea Square, Chelsea, Mass., at 5 a.m., Friday, April 
17, 1908. 

I immediately notified officers and men, using company alarm 
lists, to report at armory at 8 p.m., April 16, 1908. Out of an en- 
rollment of 3 officers and 60 men, 3 officers and 52 men reported 
for duty at the hour above. Private Lamb reported for duty at 
11.30 a.m., April 17, 1908, making a total of 3 officers and 53 un- 
listed men on this tour of duty. Company remained in quarters 
at East Armory until 3 a.m., Friday, April 17, 1908. 

Transportation having previously been arranged for, this com- 
pany, together with companies D and E, in command of ('apt. 
John H. Dunn, paraded to the corner of Washington and Easl 
Newton streets, and boarded surface cars at 3.15 a.m., arriving 
at Chelsea Square at 4 a.m. 

In accordance with General Orders No. 6, dated April 17, head- 
quarters Provisional Battalion, Chelsea, Mass., Col. E. Leroy 
Sweetser, commanding, this company was quartered on second 
floor of Grand Army hall, located on Park Street, near Chelsea 
Square. 

In accordance with Special Orders, dated April Hi, L908, the 
following details for guard duty were made: two posts at city hall 
vaults, corner of Central Avenue and Shurtleff Street; one po>t at 



168 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Chelsea Savings Bank, corner of Congress Avenue and Broadway; 
one post at Scenic Temple, on Second Street near Broadway; 
1 corporal and 3 privates detailed at commissary depot at police 
headquarters, in Chelsea Square; 1 private for headquarters' 
orderly. 

The remainder of the company was held in quarters to await 
further orders. The details were made immediately, and sentinels 
posted at 5.30 a.m., relieving members of Fifth Company, C. A. C, 
and continued throughout the tour. -Sentinels were relieved every 
two hours. 

At 12 o'clock, noon, April 17, 1908, a call for reinforcements 
from companies D and E having been received, two details of 1 
corporal and 10 men were sent to report to the commanding officer 
of each company. 

Lieutenants Lee and Copeland reported to the commanding 
officer of Company E for duty in connection with this company 
at 10 p.m.; the above two details returned to quarters. 

Patrols having been ordered for 12 and 3 o'clock, they were sent 
out at hours designated, proceeding from Chelsea Square through 
Broadway to railroad bridge, patrolling adjacent streets and re- 
turning to quarters in one hour. These patrols consisted of 1 com- 
missioned officer, 1 noncommissioned officer and 4 privates. 

Routine of Saturday, April 18, 1908, was continued as on April 
17, 1908. Lieutenants Lee and Copeland reporting to Company E 
at 12 o'clock, the same as previously, until 10 p.m., when all sen- 
tinels and details were withdrawn, and at 10.15 p.m. boarded sur- 
face cars, arriving at home station at 11.10 p.m. 

During the tour of duty garrison rations were drawn from com- 
missary officer and prepared by company cooks. Company quarters 
were at all times well policed. 

No arrests were made by this company; the entire duty com- 
prised guarding of vaults, saving banks and private property within 
the fire district and keeping the public away from dangerous walls. 

All members performed their duty in a cheerful and faithful 
manner. 

Respectfully, 

James A. Cully, 

Captain. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 1G9 



Company E, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M ., 
Boston, April 20, 1908. 

The Adjutant, Provisional Battalion, Ninth Regiment Infantry, M . V. M . 

Sir: — In accordance with telephone orders from Lieutenant 
Colonel Mossman, Adjutant General's office, I have the honor to 
state that the members of this company ieported at the armory at 
11 p.m., Thursday, April 1G, 1908, and reported as part of Provi- 
sional Battalion under Captain Dunn to Colonel Sweetser at Chel- 
sea, Mass., at 4 a.m., April 17, 1908. 

Company was assigned quarters in G. A. R. hall, Park Street, 
in upper hall with Company D. 

After conference with Colonel Sweetser, Lieutenant Galvin and 
myself went over the ground assigned to Company E on the east 
of Broadway, and picked out where we would establish patrols. 
At 5.30 a.m., the company commander sent out 24 men in eight 
squads of 3 men each, under a non-commissioned officer, to cover 
the territory, thus having out two-thirds of the company at a time; 
this was continued during Friday. At 4 P.m. 15 men and a lieuten- 
ant reported from Company I to assist in patrolling Bellinghain 
Street, where the crowd was the thickest. Relieved these men at 
6.30 p.m., and reduced the number on post to 18. At 10 p.m. drew 
all patrols in and sent out a single patrol of 3 men and a corporal 
to cover the entire district, and to hold up and examine all persons 
found inside the fire limits. The company commander personally 
accompanied this patrol, and we halted only three parties, who 
were examined and found to be O. K.; they were turned back out- 
side the lines. Lieutenant Galvin accompanied a similar patrol 
at 11 p.m., furnished 3 men and a corporal for the Broadway patrol 
at 2 a.m. and 4 a.m. At 5.30 a.m., Saturday, April 18, sent out L9 
men, in three reliefs each, under a Doncommissioned officer, having 
divided the territory into three sections, and established inv head- 
quarters the same as day before, in lot near corner Highland Street 
and Central Avenue. These men were relieved every two h«>iir>. 
At 2 p.m. a section of Troop A. Firsl Battalion Cavalry, reported. 
The patrols were then drawn in closer and the cavalry left to patrol 
the outskirts. At 7 p.m., owing to the rain, there were few people 
in the district, and the patrol was cut down to I 1 men to cover the 
entire district. These men were brought in at 9.15 P.M. and prep- 
arations were made to leave for home. 

We left Chelsea at 10.20 p.m., and arrived at East Armory at 

11.10 p.m., and were dismissed; 2 officers, 51 men present, 5 absent. 



170 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

During entire tour of duty received no complaint in regard to con- 
duct of men both on or off duty, and while the duty was hard, the 
men performed the same cheerfully and willingly. 

Respectfully submitted, 

John J. Barry, 
Captain, Commanding Company E, Ninth Regiment. 



Company A, Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., 
Boston, Mass., April 25, 1908. 

To the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir: — I have the honor to report on the tour of duty performed 
by Company A, Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., at the Chelsea 
fire, April 12, 13 and 14, 1908. 

I received an order by telephone, from Brigadier General Brig- 
ham, Adjutant General, at 9 o'clock p.m., April 12, 190$, to report 
with my company to Colonel Nutter, C. A. C, at Winnisimmet 
Square, Chelsea, as soon as possible. 

At 9.30 p.m., Colonel Oakes called at this armory to see if I had 
received General Brigham's order. 

At 9.55 p.m. I left the armory with 22 men, in a wagon hired of 
William H. Breen, a local teamster, reporting to Colonel Nutter 
in Winnisimmet Square at 10.20 p.m. Eleven men from Company 
L, Fifth Infantry, reported to me at about 10.30 p.m., and as 
Artificer Spraker, in whose charge they were, could not find his 
company, by direction of Colonel Oakes I took charge of the 
detachment. 

At 10.40 p.m., in accordance with instructions from Colonel 
Oakes, received through Lieutenant Cormerais, Fifth Infantry, I 
proceeded with my detachment and a detachment of Company H, 
Fifth Infantry, under Captain Latimer, to the Carter Street play- 
ground, where Lieutenant Lerned of my company reported to me 
with 15 men, and later Lieutenant Wilson of this company reported 
with 9 men, both detachments having used teams of William H. 
Breen to proceed to Winnisimmet Square, where I had left a man 
to direct them to the Carter Street playground. Each man of this 
company carried twenty rounds of guard cartridges. Lieutenant 
Wilson brought with him from our armory sufficient coffee, sand- 
wiches and doughnuts for the men. 

Quartermaster Sergeant Mosher and 5 men of Company B, 
Fifth Infantry, reported to me at the playground, being unable to 
find his company; I kept the 5 men and directed the sergeant to 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 171 

find his captain and report back to me, which he did later, and I 
sent the Company B men, under him, to report to Captain Curtis. 
I also found that Company L was stationed at the high school 
building, and I sent the men of that company, under Artificer 
Spraker, to report to Captain Cutting. 

At 12.45 p.m., April 13, Quartermaster General Emery arrived 
at the Carter Street playground, and under his direction companies 
A and H unloaded from wagons the tents, poles, pins and blankets 
which were being teamed to the playground, and guarded same. 
The two companies pitched 78 tents, not driving all the pins, how- 
ever, as Company A stopped this work at about 8.45 a.m., by direc- 
tion of Major Stover, Fifth Infantry, and Lieutenant Wilson, with 24 
men, proceeded to the high school and escorted a party of citizens 
through the fire district to Winnisimmet Square. After storing un- 
pitched tents under those that were pitched, I took the balance of 
this company direct to Winnisimmet Square, and on the arrival 
of Lieutenant Wilson's platoon, reported my company to Colonel 
Nutter, and was directed by him to report to Captain Cutting for 
instructions. 

During the forenoon of April 13, 10 men of this company reported, 
making a total of 56 men and 3 officers present for duty on the 
13th and 14th. 

At 10.30 a.m. Captain Cutting directed me to post my entire 
company as sentinels on posts equidistant on east side of Broadway. 
between Winnisimmet Square and Washington Avenue, with in- 
structions to keep all persons moving on Broadway, and allow do 
one in the ruins or to enter the side streets without proper author- 
ity. This duty was performed without relief, each man being 00 
post during the whole time, until 10.20 P.M., when by direction 
of Colonel Nutter I assembled the company and proceeded to the 
Carter Street playground, arriving there at 10.55 and delivering 
Colonel Nutter's order to Captain Latimer of Company II, direct- 
ing me to relieve him with Company A. I immediately posted a 
guard around the tents and other State property, and after Captain 
Latimer's company had departed, about midnight allowed the 
balance of my men to turn in and rest. Reveille was sounded at 
7 A.M., and after a brief setting-up drill and breakfast, the men 
proceeded to straighten up tents and arrange property in an orderly 
manner, and make a count of the property. 

I found the following property: si tents, complete, standing 
(with the exception that pins were not driven for the walls of the 
tents); 656 tents, folded; 510 ridge poles; 1,370 upright poles; 



172 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 1909. 

35 boxes of tent pins ; 24 mallets; 2 iron mauls; 153 blankets, and 
submitted a list of same to the Quartermaster General. 

I policed the entire playground, and dug a slop sink for kitchen 
refuse in an adjoining unused lot of land, having obtained permis- 
sion from the owner to do so. The foreman of the Columbian In- 
secticide Company gave me permission to allow the men of the 
company to use the water-closets and wash bowl in their factory, 
which was adjacent to the playground, and we took advantage of 
same. I sent to the company's armory for rations and our field 
range; set up the range and cooked dinner and supper on same. 

About 4 o'clock General Emery directed me to strike all the tents 
that were standing and roll same. At about 5 o'clock, General 
Emery having made arrangements with W. H. Breen, a teamster, 
to cart the tents and other property to two railroad cars on a siding 
near the playground, the company loaded the teams at the play- 
ground and unloaded same and packed the property in the cars, 
completing the work at about 10 o'clock, in time to take car at the 
corner of Everett Avenue and Carter Street, in accordance with 
orders from Colonel Nutter, proceeding to company's armory in 
Charlestown, and dismissing the company at 11 p.m. 

.All the property that I found at the Carter Street playground was 
packed in the cars with the exception of the 2 iron mauls, which I 
understand were the property of the city of Boston, and which I 
delivered to General Emery, who took them in his automobile; 20 
tents with poles, 1 box pins, 4 mallets, delivered to Lieut. M. S. 
Holbrook, battalion quartermaster, C. A. C, on order of General 
Emery. The order and receipt are inclosed. I sent to the Chelsea 
police station, by one of W. H. Breen's teams, by direction of Gen- 
eral Emery, 35 tents complete, with 4 mallets, and inclose General 
Emery's receipt. 

Of the 4 absentees, 3 of the men were temporarily out of the 
city and I was not able to notify them, and the other man, through 
the fault of the superintendent of the corporation for which he 
works, did not receive the notice to report for duty until Tuesday. 

Very respectfully, 

Mark E. Smith, 
Captain Company A, Fifth Infantry, M.. V. M., Commanding. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



IX 



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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



XI 













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XXX11 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



H3 

CI 
O 

o 













4 








1- , 












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CO 




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CO ° 


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1-1 In •- 3 --H 

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CJ 00 r-i +3 c . 






03 . 


CO i-s . 


Si- 1 iO 3,Q 

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CM g^OO (O += 
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22 "5 a .00 .. 

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C 

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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



XXXlll 



a 



a 


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y. 



xxxiv ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 






"S3 
.5^ 



(^ 





*S 1 


Si 




J= G* 


"3 

> 






Milit 
cal L 
tion. 


c3 ai 




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cadet midshipman, 
; midshipman, June, 
., July, 1883; U. S. 
r. 23, 1898; dis., Oct. 


., Apr. 23, 1898; U. 
airie" and "Katah- 
. dis., Aug. 1, 1898. 


CO tC 

. i- • 

P - 

• - a 
oo o> 

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oo ■ 
i— i - 

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CM ^ 

>> 

03 " 
Si* 


May 14, 1898; dis., 
898; U. S. S. "Cats- 


ssed asst. surg., Apr. 
U. S. S. "Prairie;" 
28, 1898. 




■80 

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G9 


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seaman, qua 
in's mate; e 
Mar. 22, 189 
i. 5, 1901. 




i 

C 
9 
3 
O* 

CD 

en 


£ 
o 

C3 

OS 


ne 6, 1885; 
nsign, Dec. 
1895; It., J 
, 1900; ca] 


ief boatswai 
It., jr. gra 
1900. 


1890; It., 
. 15, 1896; 
Oct. 16, 19 




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in G 


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CO 05 

a 

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a> a 


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0, 1892; 
Apr. 16, 

r., May 


1892; cl 
11, 1892 
May 20 : 


, Mar. 2, 
; res., Ja 
896; It., 


5, 1890; 

:, boatsw 

sst. surg. 

res., Ja 




c72 o 
3 «* 


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3b. 21, 1 

, Sept. 3 

grade, 

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an. 26, 
, Oct. 
i; res., 


batt., D, ensign 
de, Mar. 28, 1893 
grade, Mar. 8, 1 
, Mar. 6, 1901. 


Mar. 2 
s mate 
893; a 
, 1894; 




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a 

C 


~o> 

fa 00 

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it regt., M, F« 
nav. brig., F 
1894; It., jr. 
10, 1898; It 
Nov. 5, 1900 


batt., C, 
te; ensig 
r. 28, 189 


av. batt., C, 
mas., gunnei 
sign, Jan. 3, 
surg., Apr. 2 




o 


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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



XXXV 



0) o 

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GO "3 




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xxxvi ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



O 

o 
O 



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J*. 











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Milita 
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1898; resigned, Feb. 23, 1899. 


Original Entry into the Service. Subsequent Service 
and Commissions. 


1st batt. cav., A, Nov. 1, 1891; priv., corp.; 2d It., 
May 7, 1895; brig, gen., insp. gen. rifle prac, Mass., 
Jan. 7, 1897; 1st It., adj., 6th regt., Apr. 22, 1898; 
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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



lxiii 



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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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First Lieutenant 
H. Stearns, Gre 
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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



lxv 



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lxvi 



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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



lxvii 



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lxviii 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



T3 
O 

.s 

c 

o 

Q 



5ss 

so 



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>> 






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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



lxix 



- 












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05 -5 


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c: a 




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A, Feb. 
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•/. 
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Second Lieutena 
aid J. Connelly, 
d, June 10, 1907. 




49 

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lxx 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Se« .2 

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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. lxxi 



m 


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lxxiv 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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1909.] 



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cv 



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CV1 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



CX1X 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



CXXl 







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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



CXXlll 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



(XXXI 






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ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



CXXXlll 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



cxxxv 



ROSTER. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 

Commissioned Officers in Order of Lineal Rank. 
Brigadier Generals. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 


Commission. 


July 


26, 


1904. 


Jan. 


5, 


1905 


Jan. 


4, 


1906. 


June 


8, 


1907. 


Jan. 


1, 


1908. 


Feb. 


29, 


l'.MIS. 


Mar. 


25, 


1908. 


June 


1, 


L908. 



Clark, Embury P., 
Emery, William B., 
Brigham, William H. 

White, James G., 
Parker, Samuel D., 
Pew, William A., Jr., 
Foster, Charles C, 
Bancroft, Hugh, . 



Brigadier General, . 
Quartermaster Gen., 
The Adj. Gen., Chief 

of Staff. 
Commissary Gen., 
Inspector General, 
Brigadier General, 
Surgeon General, 
Judge Advo. Gen., 



1st Brigade, 
Quartermaster's Dpt., 
Staff, Com. -in-Chief, 

Subsistence Dept., . 
Insp. Gen. Dept., 
2d Brigade, 
Medical Dept., 
Judge Adv. Gen. Dept. 



Colonels. 



1 


Donovan, William H., . 


Colonel, 


9th Infantry, . 


Mar. 80, 1899 


2 


Oakes, William H., 


Colonel, 


5th Infantry, . 


Apr. 13, 1901 


3 


Pierce, Frederick E., 


Colonel, 


2d Infantry, 


Sept. 29, 1904 


4 


Priest, George H., 


Colonel, 


6th Infantry, . 


Mar. 16. 1905 


5 


Capelle, William C. . 


Asst. Adjutant Gen., 


Staff, Com. -in-Chief, 


June 26, L905 


6 


Nutter, Charles P., 


Col., Chief of Coast 
Artillery. 


Coast Artillery Corps, 


Jan. 23, 1906 


7 


Caswell, John, 


Acting Chief Ordn., 


Ordnance Dept., 


Au-. 81, L907 


8 


Ha yd en, Charles, 


Asst. Paymas. Gen., 


Pay Dept., 


Nov. 15, L907 


9 


Sweetser, E. Leroy, 


Colonel, 


8th Infantry, . 


Mar. 6, 1908 



Lieutenant Colonels. 



1 


Bailey, Edwin W. M., . 


Inspector General, . 


Insp. Gen. Dept., 


i let. 


2. 1896 


2 


Cook, Cyrus H., . 


Lieutenant Colonel, 


6th Infantry. . 


Ma i . 


16, 1905. 


3 


Wolcott, Roger, . 


Inspector General, . 


Insp. Gen. Dept ., 


Jan. 


I. 


4 


Talbot, Thomas, 


Lieutenant Colonel, 


1st Corps Cadets. 


June 


22, nine. 


5 


Glines, Edward, . 


Dep. Qr. Mas. Gen., 


Quartermaster*! l n A . 


Nov. 


16, L907. 


6 


Mossman, Adelbert M., 


Asst. Adjutant Gen., 


Adj. Gen. Dept., 


Nov. 


L9, L907. 


7 


Barroll, Thomas D., 


Inspector Genera 1. . 


Insp. Gen. Dept., 


Nov. 


19, 1907. 


8 


Benyon, George H., 


Inspector General. . 


Insp. Gen. 1 >ep1 .. 


Nov. 


19, L907. 


9 


Stevens, Jesse F., 


Inspector General, . 


Insp. ( tan, 1 >ept ., 


Jan. 


l. 1908. 


10 


Spencer, John E. f 


Lieutenant Colonel, 


2d Corps Cadet 


Jan. 


6, 1908. 


11 


Gray, Edwin R., 


Lieutenant Colonel, 


2d Infant ry, 


Apr. 


L908. 


12 


Graves, Frank A., 


Lieutenant Colonel, 


8th Infantry, . 


Ma J 


15, L908. 


13 


Lombard, Walter E., . 


Lieutenant Colonel, 


Coast Artillery Corps, 


June 


5, 


14 


Stover, Willis W., 


Lieutenant Colonel, 


5th Infantry, . 


June 


18, 1908. 



CXXXV1 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Majors. 





NAME. 


Company or Q 


itle. Organization. 


Date of 
Commission. 


1 


Quinby, George F., 


Major, . 


. Coast Artillery Corps, 


July 28, 1897. 


2 


Dearing, Howard S., . 


Surgeon, 


. Medical Dept., 


Aug. 14 


1897. 


3 


Perrins, William A., 


Major, . 


. 1st Squad. Cav., 


Dec. 21 


1897. 


4 


Gates, Ernest A., 


Surgeon, 


. Medical Dept., 


Feb. 15 


, 1899. 


5 


Murray, George F. H., . 


Major, . 


9th Infantry, . 


Mar. 30 


1899. 


6 


Sullivan, John J., 


Major, . 


. -9th Infantry, . 


Mar. 30 


1899. 


7 


Voss, J. William,. 


Surgeon, 


Medical Dept., 


June 5 


1899. 


8 


Jenkins, Thomas L., 


Surgeon, 


. Medical Dept., 


Sept. 21 


1899. 


9 


Sweetser, Warren E., . 


Major, . 


6th Infantry, . 


Apr. 30 


1900. 


10 


Butler, Willard C, 


Major, . 


. 5th Infantry, . 


June 1 


1901. 


11 


Meredith, Francis, Jr., . 


Major, . 


5th Infantry, . 


Dec. 11 


1902. 


12 


Hart, Joseph S., . 


Surgeon, 


. Medical Dept., 


Apr. 25 


1904. 


13 


Hayes, William C, 


Major, . 


2d Infantry, 


Dec. 16 


1904. 


14 


Smith, James C., . 


Major, . 


6th Infantry, . 


Mar. 16 


1905. 


15 


McGourty, James E., . 


Surgeon, 


. Medical Dept., 


May 8 


1905. 


16 


Rider, Phineas L., 


Major, . 


2d Infantry, 


May 15 


1905. 


17 


Wyman, Albert L., 


Quartermaste 


r, . Quar. Mas. Dept., 


June 26 


1905. 


18 


Burroughs, George, 


Quartermaste 


r, . Quar. Mas. Dept., 


June 26 


1905. 


19 


Rogers, William C, 


Judge Advoca 


te, . Judge Adv. Gen. Dept., 


Uan. 20 


1906. 


20 


Danforth, Norris 0., 


Major, . 


Coast Artillery Corps, 


Jan. 23 


1906. 


21 


Cutler, Charles H., 


Major, . 


8th Infantry, . 


Apr. 6 


1906. 


22 


Casey, William J., 


Major, . 


9th Infantry, . 


July 21 


1906. 


23 


Sargent, Charles F., 


Major, . 


. 1st Batt. F. A., 


Jan. 16 


1907. 


24 


Vaughn, Ira, 


Aid-de-Camp, 


. Staff, Com.-in-Chief, 


Feb. 4 


1907. 


25 


Wells, Wellington, 


Judge Advoca 


te, . Judge Adv. Gen. Dept., 


July 9 


1907. 


26 


Sanborn, Walter L., 


Asst. Adjutam 


t Gen., Adj. Gen. Dept., 


Nov. 15 


1907. 


27 


Cobb, Morton E., 


Asst. Adjutanl 


; Gen., Adj. Gen. Dept., 


Nov. 15 


1907. 


28 


Hitchcock, Frank T., . 


Inspector Gen 


eral, . Insp. Gen. Dept., 


Nov. 21 


1907. 


29 


Chase, A. Preston, 


Commissary, 


Subsistence Dept., . 


Nov. 15 


1907. 


30 


Keene, Charles H., 


Surgeon, 


Medical Dept., 


Nov. 15 


1907. 


31 


Smith, Walter A., 


Surgeon, 


Medical Dept., 


Nov. 15 


1907. 


32 


Bell, Robert E., . 


Surgeon, 


. Medical Dept., 


Nov. 15 


1907. 


33 


Portal, John M., . 


Major, . 


Ordnance Dept., 


Nov. 15 


1907. 


34 


Sears, Philip S., . 


Aid-de-Camp, 


. Staff, Com.-in-Chief, 


Nov. 21 


1907. 


35 


Aldrich, Talbot, . 


Aid-de-Camp, 


. Staff, Com.-in-Chief, 


Dec. 27 


1907. 


36 


Ropes, Charles F., 


Major, . 


2d Corps Cadets, 


Jan. 6 


1908. 


37 


Joy, Franklin L., 


Major. . 


1st Corps Cadets, 


Jan. 31 


1908. 


38 


Beckmann, Albert G., . 


Major, . 


6th Infantry, . 


Apr. 6 


1908. 


39 


Emerson, William R. P., 


Surgeon, 


. Medical Dept., 


Apr. 10 


1908. 


40 


Canfield, George I., 


Major, . 


. 8th Infantry, . 


May 15 


1908. 


41 


Willcutt, Joseph H., . 


Commissary, 


Subsistence Dept., . 


May 23 


1908. 


42 


Damon, Herbert W., . 


Major, . 


6th Infantry, . 


May 29, 


1908. 


43 


Howes, Frederic S., 


Major, . 


Coast Artillery Corps, 


June 5, 


1908. 


44 


Cutting, Frank F., 


Major, . 


5th Infantry, . 


June 18 


1908. 


45 


Murchie, Guy, 


Aid-de-Camp, 


. Staff, Com.-in-Chief, 


July 1, 


1908. 


46 


Harrison, Christopher, . 


Act. Chief of 


Eng., Corps of Engineers, . 


Nov. 24, 


1908. 


47 


Rogers, Howard L., 


Inspector Gen 


eral, . Insp. Gen. Dept., 


Dec. 11, 


1908. 


48 


Hammond, Thomas J., 


Major, . 


Ordnance Dept., 


Dec. 11, 


1908. 



Captains. 



1 


Frothingham, Joseph H., 


Captain, 


1st Co., C. A. C, 


May 27, 1887. 


2 


Whiting, Frederick M., 


Captain, 




11th Co., C. A. C, . 


Apr. 15, 1891. 


3 


Barrett, Edwin G., 


Captain, 




Co. A, 2d Infantry, . 


Apr. 5, 1894. 


4 


Dunn, John H., . 


Captain, 




Co. D, 9th Infantry, . 


May 11, 1896. 


5 


Hilliker, Charles T., . 


Captain, 




Co. D, 8th Infantry, . 


Mar. 15, 1897. 


6 


Fuller, David, 


Captain, 




12th Co., C. A. C, . 


Feb. 14, 1899. 


7 


Rollins, Charles H., 


Captain, 




1st Corps Cadets, 


Mar. 24, 1899. 


8 


Barry, John J., . 


Captain, 




Co. E, 9th Infantry, . 


June 13, 1899. 


9 


Hamilton, Clifford E., . 


Captain, 




Co. F, 5th Infantry, . 


July 18, 1899. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT —No. 7. 



CXXXVll 



Captains — Continued. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Horton, George E., 
Cully, James A., 
Kenealy, John F., 
Parker, Horace P., 
Sweetser, Stanwood G 
Kane, John P., . 
Edson, Archibald C, 
Barr, James C, . 
Williams, Abram C, 
Young, Harry C, 
McCarthy, Thomas, 
Dukelow, Charles T., 
Nicholson, John, 
McMahon, John H., 
McNulty, Philip, 
Smyth, James H., 
Bouve, Walter L., 
Graham, Edward T., 
Perkins, Frank S., 
Fullerton, E. Dwight, 
Dolan, William H„ 
Clark, Charles S., 
Donovan, Frank L., 
Holt, Edgar G., . 
Foote, Alfred F., . 
Taylor, Franklin G., 
Wheeler, Edward W., 
Campbell, Harry B., 
Hickey, John J., 
Perry, William H., 
Latimer, George T., 
Ley den, Edward J., 
Turner, David A., 
Kittredge, Colby T., 
Gilson, Frank V., 
McDowell, Jeremiah J. 
Pearson, Gardner W. ( 
Butler, Patrick F., 
Warren, Herbert H., 
Greene, William J., 
McNamara, Patrick J., 
Hunton, Lewis G., 
Norton, Paul J., . 
Nichols, John D., 
Stewart, Duncan M., 
Guilford, George F., 
Cook, Lawrence W., 
Robbins, Charles H., 
Whitney, Orville J., 
Sullivan, Daniel P., 
Crowell, Alonzo K., 
Wise, Stuart W.,. 
Elliott, Frank S., 
Kyle, George A., 
Morgan, Daniel H., 
Robinson, Fred R., 
Greig, James N., 
Gilman, John E., Jr., 
Hurley, John F., 
Petersen, Ralph B., 
Cole, Charles H., 
Hoyt, Edward H., 
Clark, James N., 



Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Paymaster, 

Quartermaster, 

Paymaster, 

Paymaster, 

Paymaster, 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Paymaster, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Adjutant, 

Quartermaster, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Paymaster, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Quartermaster, 

Commissary, 

Adjutant, 

Commissary, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Commissary, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 



10th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. I, 9th Infantry, 
Co. L, 9th Infantry, 
Pay Dept., 
6th Infantry, . 
Pay Dept., 
Pay Dept., 
Pay Dept., 
Medical Dept., 
Co. H, 2d Infantry, 
Co. G, 5th Infantry, 
Pay Dept., 
Co. F, 2d Infantry, 
Co. A, 6th Infantry, 
Co. M, 9th Infantry, 
8th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. K, 5th Infantry, 
2d Corps Cadets, 
2d Corps Cadets, 
Coast Artillery Corps 
6th Infantry, . 
8th Infantry, . 
Co. F, 9th Infantry, 
Co. L, 8th Infantry, 
Co. D, 2d Infantry, 
Co. F, 6th Infantry, 
Batt. B, 1st F. A., 
Co. F. 8th Infantry, 
Co. B, 9th Infantry, 
Co. H, 8th Infantry, 
Co. H, 5th Infantry, 
Co. G, 2d Infantry, 
Co. K, 2d Infantry, 
Pay Dept., 
Co. B, 6th Infantry, 
Co. D, 6th Infantry, 
Co. C, 6th Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. C, 2d Infantry, 
Co. E, 8th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, . 
6th Infantry, . 
2d Infantry, 
5th Infantry, . 
Co. H, 6th Infantry, 
Co. C, 5th Infantry, 
Co. I, 5th Infantry, 
Co. D, 5th Infantry, 
Co. E, 5th Infantry, 
Co. C, 9th Infantry, 
9th Co., C. A. C, 
Ordnance Dept., 
Co. G, Nth Infantry, 
Co. B. Sih Intantry, 
2ti Infantry, 
Troop A, 1st Cav., 
Co. K, 6th Infantry, 
Corps of Knjiineers, 
Co. (',, 9th Infantry. 
Co. I, 6th Infantry. 
1st Corps Cadi 
1st Corps Cadets, 
2d Corps Cadets, 



Aug. 18 
Dec. 18 
Jan. 15 
Apr. 3 



Apr. 3 
Apr. 3 
Apr. 3 
Apr. 3 
Apr. 3 
May 16 
May 13 
May 17 
June 6 
Feb. 24 
Aug. 7 
Nov. 12 
Jan. 26 
Nov. 6 
Dec. 22 
Jan. 6 
Feb. 9 
Mar. 21 
Apr. 12 
Apr. 13 
May 9 
May 10 
May IS 
June 7 
July 26 
July 28 
Aug. 11 
Jan. 10 
Feb. 15 
Apr. 2 
Apr. 7 
Apr. 17 
Apr. IS 
May S 
May 23 
May 29 
June 1 
June 26 
June 26 
June 26 
Oct. 9 
Oct. 23 
Nov. 13 
Dec. 1 
Jan. S 
Jan. 22 
Feb. 12 
Apr. 12 
Apr. 12 
Apr. 23 
Mav 11 

May 22 

May 23 

May 2fl 

June 2.") 

Nov. 26 

Jan. 1 



1899. 
L899. 

I'll HI. 

1900. 
1900. 
1900. 
1900. 
L900. 
1900. 
1900. 
1901. 
1901. 
1901. 
1902. 
1902. 
1902. 
1903. 
1903. 
L903. 
1904. 
1001. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
L906. 
L905. 
190.-). 
L906. 
L906. 
1906. 
L905. 
190.-.. 
L905. 

101.:,. 
101).-,. 

1906. 
L906. 

190.-.. 
1906. 
1906. 
1906. 
mi ic. 
L906. 
1906. 
1906. 
1906. 
101 if,. 
L906. 
i«.»i w,. 
1906. 
1906. 

10(10. 
10O7. 



cxxxviii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Captains — Concluded. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Wakefield, Frank A., 
Smith, Ralph M., 
Blake, William C, 
Osgood, George, . 
Marshall, Urban W., 
Phelps, Asa L., . 
Fiske, Eustace L., 
Pond, William G., 
Shedd, Benj. B , . . 
Doane, Harry L., 
Hartung, Harry H., 
Jones, George T., 
Murphy, William R., 
Tandy, Elon F., . 
Allen, Fred. W., . 
Shinn, Edward L., 
Smith, Joseph A., 
Rowan, Alfred J., 
Blinn, Alfred M., 
Vaughn, Charles P., 
Seymour, Malcolm, 
Jones, Frederick E., 
Salisbury, Charles A., 
Simonds, Frederic P., 
Hanscom, John B., 
Jeyes, Walter R. T 
Schmitz, Charles A., 
Lavalle, John, 
Parker, Maurice W., 
Peach, Harry R., 
Brown, Harry L., 
Gould, William B., Jr., 
Riley, Charles S., 
Nichols, Bert F., 
Jones, William C, 
Pratt, Edward B., 
Williams, Frank P., 
Molloy, James L., 
Odermatt, Francis J., 
Murphy, Daniel J., 
Flower, Harold H., 
Geisel, Theodor R., 
Knowles, H. Bert, 
Wiley, Joseph E., 
Sullivan, George W., 
Bacon, Henry C, 
Gerlach, Conrad M., 
Potter, James T., 
Scanlon, Edward J., 
Sherburne, John H., Jr. 
Logan, Edward L., 
Blake, John A. L., 
Chase, Harry C, 
Wilson, William H., 
Curtis, William J., 
Holbrook, Marshall S., 
Stitt, William, . 



Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Captain, 

Adjutant, 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Quartermaster, 

Captain, 

Quartermaster, 

Paymaster, . 

Paymaster, . 

Paymaster, . 

Paymaster, . 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Battalion Adjutant, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Ordnance Officer, 

Captain, 

Adjutant, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Quartermaster, 

Captain, 

Adjutant, 

Assistant Surgeon, 

Quartermaster, 

Captain, 

Commissary, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Commissary, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 

Captain, 



Co. B, 2d Infantry, 
Co. C, 8th Infantry, 
Co. K, 8th Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
Batt. C, 1st F. A., 
9th Infantry, . 
Medical Dept., 
Co. M, 6th Infantry, 
6th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. E, 2d Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. A, 8th Regiment 
Ordnance Dept., 
Quar. Mas. Dept., 
Ordnance Dept., 
Quar. Mas. Dept., 
Pay Dept., 
Pay Dept., 
Pay Dept., 
Pay Dept., 
Medical Dept., 
Medical Dept., 
1st Batt. F. A., 
Ordnance Dept., 
Coast Artillery Corps 
Co. G, 6th Infantry, 
Troop D, 1st Sq.Cav. 
1st Corps Cadets, 
Ordnance Dept., 
2d Corps Cadets, 
8th Infantry, . 
Co. L, 6th Infantry, 
Co. I, 2d Infantry, 
2d Infantry, 
Co. I, 8th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, . 
Medical Dept., 
9th Infantry, . 
Co. H, 9th Infantry, 
9th Infantry, . 
Co. L, 2d Infantry, 
Ordnance Dept., 
8th Infantry, . 
Co. M, 8th Infantry, 
Co. E, 6th Infantry, 
Co. L, 5th Infantry, 
2d Co., C. A. O, 
Co. M, 2d Infantry, 
Co. K, 9th Infantry, 
Batt. A, 1st F. A., 
Co. A, 9th Infantry, 
Troop B, 1st Sq.Cav. 
Signal Corps, . 
Co. A, 5th Infantry, 
Co. B, 5th Infantry, 
Coast Artillery Corps 
4th Co., C. A. C, 



Jan. 28 
Jan. 29 
Feb. 12 
Mar. 15 
Apr. 15 
Apr. 16 
May 17 
June 10 
June 17 
June 20 
June 20 
July 10 
July 5 
Oct. 15 
Oct. 18 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Dec. 16 
Dec. 26 
Jan. 21 
Feb. 11 
Feb. 15 
Mar. 20 
Mar. 26 
Apr. 10 
Apr. 14 
Apr. 20 
Apr. 21 
Apr. 21 
Apr. 30 
May 6 
May 12 
May 19 
May 23 
May 25 
May 27 
June 1 
June 5 
June 23 
July 27 
Sept. 29 
Oct. 12 
Oct. 22 
Oct. 26 
Nov. 17 
Nov. 24 
Nov. 30 
Dec. 16 
Dec. 24 
Dec. 28 



1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 
1908. 
1,908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 
1908. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



(XXXIX 



First Lieutenants. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 
Comim 



Flanigan, Benjamin J., 
Mann, James H., 
Cobey, Thomas J., 
Hall, John W., . 
Healey, Martin J., 
Simmons, William S., 
Robertson, Robert, 
Smith, Clarence E., 
Totten, James E., 
Holt, Elden L., . 
Stearns, William B., 
Jenkins, Lawrence W., 
Dwyer, John J., . 
Brockbank, Harvey G. 
Dickerman, Olin D., 
McGregor, Alexander S. 
Williams, John F., 
Nichols, Delevan R., 
Perkins, Harry S., 
Macdonald, Alexander 
Kendall, Frederic M., 
Smith, Nicholas J., 
Herbert, John F. J., 
Redmond, Eugene T., 
Nichols, George M. G., 
McArdle, Bernard F., 
Dawson, Charles A., 
Bruce, Philip B.,. 
French, Chester W., 
Foley, Martin J.,. 
Jaquith.William H., 2d 
Dorr, Eugene H., 
Sabin, Winfred A., 
Scully, Jeremiah F., 
Akeley, Charles E., 
Perkins, Holten B., 
Stevenson, William, 
Little, John M., Jr., 
Keville, William J., 
Cormerais, Henry D., 
Wardwell, George A., 
Lindh, Harris G., 
Keenan, George F., 
Ireland, Thomas A., 
Bogan, Frederick L., 
Daniels, George H., 
Williams, Thomas F., 
McCarron, Bernard J., 
Gray, Albert C, . 
Bullard, Frank A. D., 
Clogher, Ambrose, 
Seaver, Edwin P., Jr., 
King, George M., 
Galvin, Joseph P., 
Comey, Perley P., 
Barrows, John S., 
Downes, George M., 
Meek, William J., 
Casey, Matthew J., 
Smart, Michael F., 
Hinckley, Freeman, 
Very, Nathaniel T., 
Butement, William, 



Battalion Adjutant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Squadron Adjutant, 
Battalion Adjutant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Corps Adjutant, 
Corps Adjutant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adjutant 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adjutant 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant; 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adjutant 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 1 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adjutant, 
Battalion Adjutant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adjutant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant. 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant , 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adjutant 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant , 
1st Lieutenant, 



9th Infantry, . 
Co. L, 5th Infantry, 
Co. D, 8th Infantry, 
1st Squad. Cav., 
9th Infantry, . 
1st Corps Cadets, 
Ordnance Dept., 
Co. H, 2d Infantry, 
Staff, C. A. C, 
Co. F, 6th Infantry, 
1st Corps Cadets, 
2d Corps Cadets, 
Co. D, 9th Infantry, 
Co. A, 6th Infantry, 
8th Co., C. A. C, 
Batt. C, 1st F. A., 
Co. F, 5th Infantry, 
2d Infantry, 
2d Corps Cadets, 
Co. D, 2d Infantry, 
6th Infantry, . 
Batt. B, 1st F. A., 
Batt. B, 1st F. A., 
2d Corps Cadets, 
Co. F, 8th Infantry, 
Co. M, 9th Infantry, 
Co. H,8th Infantry, 
Co. H, 5th Infantry, 
2d Infantry, 
Co. F, 9th Infantry, 
Co. L, 8th Infantry, 
Co. D, 5th Infantry, 
Co. K, 2d Infantry, 
Co. G, 2d Infantry, 
Co. B, 6th Infantry, 
1st Corps Cadets, 
Co. C, 2d Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. E, 8th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, . 
5th Infant ry. . 
Co. C, 8th infantry, 
9th Infantry, . 
Co. H, 6th Infantry, 
Medical Dope. 
Co. C, 5th Infant ry, 
Co. I, 5th Infant ry, 
Co. B, 5th Infantry, 
Co. E, 5th Infantry, 
9th Co.. C. A. C. 
Co. F, 2d Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
7th Co.. C. A. ('.. 
Co. E, 9th Infantry, 
Medical Dept.. 

Troop A, Lsl Sq.Cav 
6th Infantry, . 
L2th Co.. C. .\. C, 
Co. B, 8th Infantry, 
Co. B, ( .»tli Infantry, 
1st ( Sorpa < iadete, 
2d Corps < Sadi 
Co. B, 2d Infantry, 



Feb. 11 

Feb. 8 

.Mar. l.-> 

Jan. 7 

Feb. 6 

Mar. 24 

Apr. 22 

May 16 

June 20 

Aug. 7 

Nov. 21 

Mar. 10 

Mar. 24 

May 19 

Nov. 12 

Mar. 23 

Mar. 31 

Apr. 16 

Nov. 8 

May 9 

May 16 

May 18 

May IS 

June 3 

June 7 

Atifi. 4 

Aug. l."> 

Oct. 24 

Nov. 17 

Dec. 6 

Jan. 19 

Feb. 13 

Feb 15 

Apr. i 

Apr. 7 

Mav L6 

Mav 23 

May 24 

Mav 20 

May :>l 

June 1 

June 6 

June L2 

Oct. 8 

Oct. 9 

Oct. 23 

Nov. 13 

i 

.Ian. 8 

Feb. 12 
M 

Mar. i:> 

Apr. 2 

Apr. 24 

Ma) ■', 
M 

June l 

June n» 

Sept. 24 

Nov. 27 

Dec. L'u 

Jan. 4 

Jan. 28 



1890. 
1882. 
1807. 
1898. 
L899. 
1899. 
1899. 
1900. 
1900. 
1900. 
1900. 
1902. 
1902. 
L002. 
1002. 
L003. 
1003. 
1003. 
1003. 
1004. 

1901. 
19H1. 

1004. 

1901. 
1901. 
1901. 
1004. 

1901. 
19IH. 

1004. 
1005. 

190.-.. 
190.-.. 
190.",. 
10<i.V 
190.-,. 

ion.-,. 
1005. 

190.-,. 
190.",. 
P.M.-,. 
ion.',. 
10!i.-,. 
lOiC,. 
loo;,. 
1005. 
1005. 
ion:,. 

1006. 
1006. 
1006. 

101)7. 
1006. 

lot,.;. 

10t ill. 

1006. 
1006. 
1006. 
1006. 

101)7. 

ion: 



1 Supernumerary. 



cxl 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



First Lieutenants — Concluded. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Fogg, David H., . 
Lee, Christopher F., 
Runey, Frank B., 
Allen, Herbert B., 
Woods, Frederick L., 
Dick, Ernest O., . 
Lucke, Frederick H., 
Brewer, John E., 
McLaughlin, Thomas 

B., Jr. 
Ayer, Nathan F.. 
Curtiss, Elmer L., 
Towle, Edwin D., 
Draper, Ernest W., 
Lombard, Herbert E., 
Hall, Frank P., . 
Penhallow, Dunlap P., 
Ireland, Frank F., 
Grant, George, Jr., 
Hutchinson, Herbert R. 
Hickey, James F., 
Peterson, George W., 
Malonson, James H., 
Noyes, Curtis D., 
Blake, Arthur, 
Cross, Charles H., 
Wilde, Samuel J., 
Cunningham, EdwardA 
Lyman, C. Frederic, 
Doyle, Thomas W., 
Rogers, John J., . 
Swan, William L., 
Chase, Porter B., 
Adams, James T., 
Coburn, James F., 
Graham, J. Edward, 
Mann, William A., 
Tolman, Henry, Jr., 
Carpenter, William S., 
Bailey, William T., 
Hanson, George E., 
Wade, William W., 
Forster, Robert W., 
McWeeney, Joseph T., 
Carver, Walter E.< 
Stearns, George H., 
Cahill, Charles T., 
Penney, George S., 
Ganaway, Francis J., 
Kendall, Albert L., 
Foley, Thomas F., 
Walsh, Thomas L., 
Hale, Richard K., 
Blake, Robert F., 
Maguire, Hugh J., 
Wolcott, S. Huntington 
Cutter, Irving T., 
Smith, S. Stewart, 
Coleman, Augustus P 
Southworth, Gilbert G 



1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adj., 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 

1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adj., 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Aid-de-Camp, 
Aid-de-Camp, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
Battalion Adj., 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adj., 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Battalion Adj., 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
Assistant Surgeon, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 
1st Lieutenant, 



1st Co., C. A. C, 
Co. I, 9th Infantry, 
Co. K, 8th Infantry, 
6th Infantry, . 
Staff, Coast Art. Corps, 
Batt. C, 1st F. A., 
Co. A, 2d Infantry, 
5th Co., C. A. C, 
3d Co., C. A. C, 

Co. C, 9th Infantry, 
Co. K, 5th Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. M, 6th Infantry, 
6th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. E, 2d Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. I, 6th Infantry, 
Co. M, 2d Infantry, 
8th Infantry, . 
Co. L, 9th Infantry, 
Co. C, 6th Infantry, 
Co. G, 8th Infantry, 
1st Brigade, 
1st Brigade, 
Ordnance Dept., 
Ordnance Dept., 
Medical Dept., 
8th Infantry, . 
Co. G, 6th Infantry, 
Co. K, 6th Infantry, 
Troop D, 1st Sq.Cav. 
1st Corps Cadets, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. D, 6th Infantry, 
Co. G, 5th Infantry, 
2d Corps Cadets, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. L, 6th Infantry, 
Medical Dept., 
Co. I, 8th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, . 
Medical Dept., 
Co. H, 9th Infantry, 
Co. M, 5th Infantry, 
Co. L, 2d Infantry, . 
8th Infantry, . 
Co. M, 8th Infantry,. 
Co. E, 6th Infantry, . 
2d Co., C. A. 0., 
Co. G, 9th Infantry, . 
Co. K, 9th Infantry, . 
Batt. A, 1st F. A., . 
Batt. A, 1st F. A., . 
Co. A, 9th Infantry,. 
Troop B, 1st Sq. Cav., 
Medical Dept., 
Signal Corps, . 
Co. A, 5th Infantry, . 
4th Co.. C. A. C, 



Feb. 18 

Feb. 19 

Mar. 19 

Mar. 20 

Mar. 21 

Apr. 15 

Apr. 17 

Apr. 29 

May 15 

May 20 
May 27 
June 6 
June 10 
June 17 
June 20 
June 20 
June 24 
July 2 
July 11 
July 22 
Oct. 16 
Oct. 29 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Nov. 15 
Dec. 18 
Dec. 23 
Dec. 26 
Jan. 15 
Jan. 21 
Feb. 11 
Feb. 24 
Feb. 24 
Mar. 16 
Mar. 20 
Apr. 3 
Apr. 10 
Apr. 10 
Apr. 21 
Apr. 21 
Apr. 30 
May 12 
May 12 
May 23 
May 28 
June 1 
June 5 
July 27 
Sept. 28 
Oct. 12 
Oct. 22 
Oct. 22 
Oct. 26 
Nov. 17 
Nov. 23 
Nov. 24 
Nov. 30 
Dec. 28 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



cxli 



Second Lieutenants. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Grant, Bertie E., 
Cann, William W., 
O'Brien, William, 
Sullivan, Thomas F., 
Edson, Charles H., 
Kane, Harry J., . 
Brown, Sidney E., 
Cookson, Walter J., 
Hoyt, W. Everett, 
Hood, Ralph D., 
Grey, Clarence N., 
Ingoldsby, James J., 
O'Donnell, Thomas J., 
Whiting, Fred. L., 
Bishop, David H., 
Magee, Robert M., 
McCallum, Lewis M., 
Lerned. Albert A., 
Faber, George, 
Conrad, William L., 
Forbush, Preston D., 
Hunter, Harrie C, 
Ford, William L., 
Easton, George E., 
Walker, Lawrence T., 
Coulter, George S., 
Holbrook, George S., 
Thurston, Edward A., 
Gledhill, Arthur R., 
Shattuck, William A., 
Warren, Walter E., 
Quigley, Frederick A., 
Appleton, Charles B., 
Skinner, Harry A., 
Berry, Bernard M., 
Leach, C. Warren, 
Atwood, Joshua, 3d, 
Peck, Charles A., 
Estes, Frederick A., 
Soule, Harry W., 
Wakefield, Harry C, 
Murray, Archie F., 
Snow, Sylvester M., 
Sawyer, Carroll R., 
Sullivan, William H., 
Lincoln, Ernest E., 
Connelly, Edward J., 
Woodside, Alonzo F., 
Hayden, Robert F., 
Davison, Eugene F., 
Willard, Raymond D., 
Brown, Thomas F., 
Healy, Jeremiah J., 
Young, Stephen E., 
Proctor, Joseph O., Jr 
Parker, John E., 
Skerrett, Nicholas J., 
Clapp, Eugene H., 
Farrington, George C, 
Savage, Charles T., 
Stansfield, George T., 
Cox, Louis S., 



2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
2d Lieutenant, 
Btl. Q. M. and Com., 
Btl. Q. M. and Com., 
Btl. Q.M. and Com;, 
Btl. Q. M.and Com., 
Btl. Q.M. and Com., 



2d L 


eutenant, 


2d Li 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


Btl. Q.M. and Com., 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2dL 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


leutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


2d L 


leutenapt, . . 


2d L 


leutenant, 


2d L 


leutenant, 


2d L 


leutenant, 


Btl.Q. M.and Com., 


2d L 


leutenant, 


2d L 


eutenant, 


Btl. Q.M. and Com., 


Corps Q.M. and Com., 


Q.M 


. and Coin., 


2d Lieutenant, 


2d Lieutenant, 


2d Lieutenant, 



5th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. D, 8th Infantry, 
Co. M, 2d Infantry, 
Co. D, 9th Infantry, 
10th Co., C. A. C, 
8th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. F, 5th Infantry, 
Batt. B, 1st F. A., 
2d Corps Cadets, 
Co. F, 8th Infantry, 
2d Corps Cadets, 
Co. H, 8th Infantry, 
Co. M, 9th Infantry, 
Co. H, 5th Infantry, 
Co. F, 6th Infantry, 
Co. E, 5th Infantry, 
Co. C, 2d Infantry, 
Co. A, 5th Infantry, 
6th Infantry, . 
9th Infantry, . 
6th Infantry, . 
6th Infantry, . 
9th Infantry, . 
Co. G, 2d Infantry, 
Co. H, 6th Infantry, 
Co. C, 5th Infantry, 
Co. I, 5th Infantry, 
Staff, Coast Art. Corps, 
Co. D, 5th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, . 
Co. F, 2d Infantry, 
Co. H, 2d Infantry, 
Troop A, 1st Sq.Cav. 
12th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. B, 8th Infantry, 
7th Co., C. A. C, 
1st Corps Cadets, 
2d Corps Cadets, 
1st Co., C. A. C, 
Co. K, 8th Infantry, 
Co. B, 2d Infantry, 
Co. A, 2d Infantry, 
Co. D, 2d Infantry, 
3d Co., C. A. C, 
Co. C, 9th Infantry, 
Co. K, 5th Infantry, 
Co. A, 6th Infantry, 
6th Co., C. A. C, 
Co. C, 8th Infantry, 
Co. E, 2d Infantry, 
Co. I, 6th Infantry. 
Co. A, Stli Infantry. 
Co. L, 9th Infantry, 
8th Infantry. . 
Co. E, Stli Infantry, 
Co. G, Nth Infantry, 
1st Batt. V. A.. 
1st Corps Cadets, 
2d Corps I 'a < lots, 
Co. B, 6th Infantry, 
Batt. C, 181 1 . A., 
Batt. C 1st 1 . A.. 



Dec. 16 
Jan. 28 
Aug. 5 
Mar. 24 
Aug. 11 
Nov. 12 
Mar. 31 
May IS 
June 3 
June 7 
June 24 
July 2S 
Aug. 4 
Oct. 24 
Jan. 24 
Feb. 6 
May 23 
June 6 
June 26 
June 26 
June 26 
June 26 
June 26 
Aug. 29 
Oct. 9 
Oct. 23 
Nov. 13 
Nov, 
Dec. 
Jan. 
Mar. 
Mar. 
May 
June 19 
S<>pt. 24 
Nov. 19 
.Dec. 
Jan. 
Feb, 
Mai- 
Mar 
Apr. 17 
Apr. 10 
May IT) 
May 20 
May 27 
June 1" 

June 17 

June I s 

June 20 

June 24 

July lc 

July 22 

July L'ii 

on. 24 



Nov, 
N..v 
Nov. 
Nov 
1 ><■<•. 
Dec. 



1895. 
1901. 
1901. 
1902. 
1902. 
1902. 
1903. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
L004. 
1904. 
1904. 
1904. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1905. 
1906. 
L906. 
1906. 
1906. 
1906. 
1906. 
19()f). 
1906. 
1007. 
10D7. 
10H7. 
1007. 
1007. 
1007. 
1007. 
1907. 
1907. 
1007. 
1007. 
1007. 
1007. 
10H7. 
1907. 
1907. 
10ti7. 
10')7. 

1907. 

101)7. 
1007. 
1007. 
1907. 
1907. 
1907. 



cxlii 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Second Lieutenants — Concluded. 





NAME. 


Company or Title. 


Organization. 


Date of 
Commission. 


63 


Trombly, Arthur P., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Batt. B, 1st F. A., . 


Dec. 


18, 1907. 


64 


Mottram, Frederick A., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. G, 6th Infantry, 


Dec. 


26 


1907. 


65 


Estey, Harold W., 


2d Lieutenant, 


1st Corps Cadets, . 


Jan. 


14 


1908. 


66 


Googins, Frank J., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Troop D, 1st Sq.Cav., 


Jan. 


21 


1908. 


67 


Foss, Leon F., . 


2d Lieutenant, 


1st Corps Cadets, . 


Feb. 


11 


1908. 


68 


Bird, Reginald W„ 


2d Lieutenant, 


1st Corps Cadets, . 


Feb. 


11 


1908. 


69 


Putnam, William E.,Jr., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Batt. A, 1st F. A., . 


Feb. 


20 


1908. 


70 


Sheehan, Maygoe, 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. D, 6th Infantry, 


Feb. 


24, 


1908. 


71 


Crockett, Elbert M., . 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. M, 6th Infantry, 


Feb. 


25 


1908. 


72 


Burns, James E., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. C, 6th Infantry, 


Mar. 


4 


1908. 


73 


Roberts, George A., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. K, 2d Infantry, 


Mar. 


10 


1908. 


74 


Manks, George H., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. B, 9th Infantry, 


Mar. 


31 


1908 


75 


Holmes, Joseph G., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. L, 6th Infantry, 


Apr. 


10 


1908. 


76 


Brigham, Arthur A., 


Btl. Q. M. and Com., 


2d Infantry, . 


Apr. 


13 


1908. 


77 


Rust, Daniel M., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. I, 2d Infantry, . 


Apr. 


14 


1908. 


78 


Frost, Charles G., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. I, 8th Infantry, 


Apr. 


21 


1908 


79 


Bowen, Patrick F., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. G, 9th Infantry, 


Apr. 


27 


1908 


80 


Dawes, Fred B., . 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. M, 5th Infantry,, 


May 


12 


1908 


81 


Glynn, Walter C, 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. H, 9th Infantry, 


May 


12 


1908 


82 


Canty, Daniel J., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. E, 9th Infantry, 


May 


19 


1908. 


83 


Weymouth, Fred. S., . 


Btl. Q.M. and Com., 


2d Infantry, . 


May 


19 


1908. 


84 


Ball, Philip H., . 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. L, 2d Infantry, . 


May 


23 


1908 


85 


Hopkins, Edwin G., 


2d Lieutenant, 


9th Co., C. A. C, . 


May 


25 


1908. 


86 


Kean, Frederick C, 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. G, 5th Infantry, 


June 


1 


1908. 


87 


Ranlett, Charles A., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. M, 8th Infantry, 


June 


1 


1908. 


88 


Smith, Walter A., 


Btl. Q.M. and Com., 


2d Infantry, 


June 


1 


1908 


89 


Campbell, H. Douglas, 


Btl. Q.M. and Com., 


8th Infantry, 


June 


4 


1908 


90 


Ripley, Harry P., 


Btl. Q.M. and Com., 


8th Infantry, 


June 


4 


1908 


91 


Carey, Edward J., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. E, 6th Infantry, 


June 


5 


1908 


92 


Flanders, Ernest F., 


Btl. Q. M.and Com., 


5th Infantry, 


June 


6 


1908 


93 


Jacobs, Joseph C, 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. L, 5th Infantry, 


June 


23 


1908 


94 


Stebbins, George B., 


2d Lieutenant, 


2d Co., C. A. C, . 


July 


27 


1908 


95 


Maguire, Daniel F., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. K, 9th Infantry, 


Oct. 


12 


1908 


96 


Swaim, Roger D., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Batt. A, 1st F. A., . 


Oct. 


22 


1908 


97 


Murphy, Thomas F., . 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. A, 9th Infantry, 


Oct. 


26 


1908 


98 


Coady, James D., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. B, 5th Infantry, 


Nov. 


17 


1908 


99 


Blake, Benjamin S., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Troop B, 1st Sq.Cav., 


Nov. 


17 


1908 


100 


Smith, Mark E., . 


Btl. Q.M. and Com., 


5th Infantry, 


Nov. 


18 


1908 


101 


Graham, Peter F., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. L, 8th Infantry, 


Nov. 


19 


1908 


102 


Sanborn, Morton F., 


Q. M. and Com., 


1st Squad. Cav., 


Nov. 


19 


, 1908 


103 


Fitz, Daniel C, . 


2d Lieutenant, 


2d Corps Cadets, 


Dec. 


18 


1908 


104 


Stitt, John A., . 


2d Lieutenant, 


4th Co., C. A. C, . 


Dec. 


28 


1908 


105 


Nolan, Edward A., 


2d Lieutenant, 


Co. I, 9th Infantry, 


Dec. 


29 


, 1908 



Veterinarians. 



Fuller, Geo. S.. 
May, Arthur W. 



Veterinarian, 
Veterinarian, 



1st Batt. F. A., 
1st Squad Cav. 



Jan. 10, 1908. 
Apr. 13, 1908. 



Chaplains. 



1 


Lee, James, 


Chaplain, 


9th Infantry,. 


July 1, 1884. 


2 


Bartow, Howard K., . 


Chaplain, 


8th Infantry, . 


July 22, 1904. 


3 


MacQueen, Peter, 


Chaplain, 


5th Infantry, . 


Jan. 5, 1906. 


4 


Sargent, George W., 


Chaplain, 


Coast Art'y Corps, . 


Apr. 19, 1906. 


5 


Dusseault, William F.,. 


Chaplain, 


6th Infantry,. 


Mar. 20, 1907. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



NAVAL MILITIA. 
Commissioned Officers in Order of Lineal Rank. 

Captains. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Dillaway, James H., Jr., 
Parker, James P., 



Capt., Chief of Brigade. 
Capt., Chief Nav. Bur., . 



Naval Brigade, 
Naval Bureau, 



Dec. 16, 1907. 
Juno 12, Hii iv 



Commanders. 



1 Edgar, William B., 

2 Parker, Charles H., 



Commander, 
Commander, 



Naval Bureau, 
Naval Bureau, 



Mar. 15, 1907. 
June 12, 1908. 



Lieutenant Commanders. 



1 


Goodridge, Daniel M., . 


Lieut. Comdr., 


Naval Brigade, . 


Dec. 


16, 1907 


2 


Lewis, William A., 


Lieut. Comdr., 


Naval Brigade, . 


Dec. 


16, 1907 


3 


Eldridge, David G., 


Surgeon, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Mar. 


7, 1908 


Lieutenants. 


l 


Hathaway, Guilford C, 


Adjutant, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Mar. 


23, 1903 


2 


Blair, Orland R., 


Assistant Surgeon, 


Naval Brigade, . 


June 


26, L905 


3 


Deane, Milton I., 


Paymaster, . 


Naval Brigade, . 


Dec. 


1. LQ06 


4 


Blood, John Balch, 


Chief, Co. E, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Jan. 


1. L906 


5 


Bowie; Harold S., 


Chief, Co. G, 


Naval Brigade, . 


May 


9, 1906 


6 


Robinson, Frederick G., 


Chief, Co. A, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Oct. 


Ki, L906 


7 


Baudoin, Edmond E., . 


Ordnance Officer, . 


Naval Brigade, . 


Feb. 


11, 1907 


8 


Nelson, John T., 


Chief, Co. F, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Mar. 


11, 1907 


9 


Wilcox, Miner W., 


Chief, Co. I, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Mar. 


L3, L907. 


10 


Adams, George T., 


Chief, Co. H, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Mar. 


l l. L907 


11 


Learned, William T., . 


Assistant Surgeon, 


Naval Brigade, . 


May 


6. 19(17 


12 


Pray, Dudley M., 


Chief, Co. B, . 


Naval Brigade, . 


Jan. 


s. L908 


13 


Scott, Everett W., 


Chief, Co. C, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Feb. 


26, L908 


14 


Peirce, Bradford H., 


Assistant Surgeon, 


Naval Brigade, . 


Mar. 


16, l<»os 


15 


Fiske, John L., . 


Equipment Officer, 


Naval Brigade, . 


May 


26, 1908 


16 


Armstrong, Thomas R., 


Chief, Engineer Division, 


Naval Brigade, . 


June 


22, 1908. 







Lieutenants, Junior Grade. 




1 


Peale, Ernest R., 


Co. E, ... 


Naval Brigade, . 


Jan. 4, 1906 


2 


Seaver, Horace, 


Co. C, . 




Naval Brigade, . 


Dee. 26, 1906 


3 


MacDonald, Charles A., 


Co. I, . 




Naval Brigade, 


Mar. 13, 1907 


4 


Knowles, Henry S., 


Co. G, 




Naval Brigade, . 


Oct. 23, 1907 


5 


Tinker, Clifford A., 


Co. H, 




Naval Brigade, . 


Apr. 23, L908 


6 


McEwen .William H.,Jr., 


Signal Officer, 




Naval Brigade, . 


Apr. 27. L908 


7 


Gates, Louis F., . 


Co. B, 




Naval Brigade, 


Apr. 29. L908 


8 


Wright, Frank G., 


Engineer Division, 


Naval Brigade, . 


June 22. 


9 


Keith, Edwin W., 


Co. A, ... 


Naval Brigade. , 


Dee •;('. L908 



cxliv 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Ensigns. 



NAME. 



Company or Title. 



Organization. 



Date of 
Commission. 



1 Abbott, Ernest D., 

2 Marks, John H., . 

3 Copeland, Howard G., 

4 Owens, William H., 

5 Borden, Robert R., 

6 Dunn, William F., 

7 Stetson, James A., 



Co. E, 
Co. A, 

Co. C, . 

Co. H, 

Co. F, . 

Engineer Division, 

Co. G, 



Naval 
Naval 
Naval 
Naval 
Naval 
Naval 
Naval 



Brigade, 
Brigade, 
Brigade, 
Brigade, 
Brigade, 
Brigade, 
Brigade, 



Jan. 4, 1906. 

Mar. 21, 1906. 

Dec. 26, 1906. 

Mar. 14, 1907. 

Oct. 14, 1907. 

June 22, 1908. 

Dec. 30, 1908. 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



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cxivi 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



cxl 



\ 11 



Summary of Casualties — 


- Commissioned Officers. 












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Commissions Vacant Dec. 31, 1908. 





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Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, . 
First Battalion Field Artillery, 
Naval Brigade, . 




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cxlviii 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Discharges and Loss of Enlisted Men Other than by Expiration of Term 

of Service. 



Organization. 


By Order. 


Pro- 
motion. 


Died. 


Totals. 


Subsistence Department, . 


- 


1 


- 


1 


Coast Artillery Corps, 


283 


5 


- 


288 


Second Regiment Infantry, 


247 


2 


- 


249 


Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 


191 


6 


- 


197 


Sixth Regiment Infantry, . 


229 


9 


- 


238 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, 


301 


5 


- 


306 


Ninth Regiment Infantry, 


296 


7 


i 


303 


Naval Brigade, .... 


206 


3 


- 


209 


First Corps Cadets, .... 


28 


3 


- 


31 


Second Corps Cadets, 


49 


- 


- 


49 


First Battalion Field Artillery, . 


66 


4 


- 


70 


First Squadron Cavalry, . 


31 


5 


- 


36 


Hospital Corps, .... 


36 


2 


- 


38 


Signal Corps, ..... 


31 


1 


- 


32 


Totals, 


1,994 


53 


- 


2,047 



1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



cxlix 



Table No. 1. — Enrolled Militia of 1908, showing, by Counties, the 
Number of Persons between the Ages of Eighteen and Forty-five Years 
liable to Military Duty 



COUNTIES. 


1908. 


COUNTIES. 


1908. 


Barnstable, .... 


2,782 


Middlesex, .... 


109,818 


Berkshire, 










15,436 


Nantucket, 










337 


Bristol, 










45,391 


Norfolk, 










26,276 


Dukes, 
1 

Essex, . 










456 


Plymouth, 










23,155 










73,172 


Suffolk, 










121,720 


Franklin, 










7,088 
27,338 


Worcester, 
Total, 










60,850 


Hampden, 


522,825 


Hampshire, 










9,006 







Table No. 2, — Organization of the National Guard. 



Adjutant General's Department. 


Signal Corps. 


Inspector General's Department. 


Coast Artillery Corps. 


Judge Advocate General's Department. 


2 Brigades of Infantry (comprising a total of 


Quartermaster's Department. 


5 regiments). 


Subsistence Department. 


1 squadron of Cavalry (comprising a total of 


Medical Department. 


3 troops). 


Pay Department. 


1 Battalion of Field Artillery (comprising a 


Ordnance Department. 


total of 3 batteries). 


Corps of Engineers. 


2 Corps of Cadets. 



Organization of the Naval Militia. 



Naval Bureau. 

Naval Brigade (comprising 8 companies and an engineer division). 



cl 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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Ambulance 

Co. section, 

Hospital 

Corps. 


1 l l i I I l I I l l I I i l 1 I l i I i l I I l l l l 


Signal 
Corps. 


1 I l I 1 l I I I l l l l I I l l 1 I l I I I 1 l I l I 


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Artillery. 


1 I l l 


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H 


Companies of Infantry, 

Coast Artillery 

and Naval Brigade. 














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Regiment. 


8th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, 
2d Infantry, . 


8th Infantry, 
9th Infantry, 
6th Infantry, 
9th Infantry, 
8th Infantry, 
Nav. Brig., . 
5th Infantry, 
6th Infantry, 
5th Infantry, 
6th Infantry, 
C. A. 0., 
Nav. Brig., . 
2d Infantry, . 
5th Infantry, 
9th Infantry, 
2d Infantry,. 
2d Infantry, . 
5th Infantry, 

8th Infantry, 
8th Infantry, 

Nav. Brig., . 


Headquarters. 


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Plymouth, 
Middlesex, 
Hampden, 


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Essex, . 

Essex, . 

Middlesex, 

Middlesex, 

Essex, . 

Essex, . 

Middlesex, 

Middlesex, 

Middlesex, 

Worcester, 

Bristol, 

Bristol, 

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Middlesex, 

Franklin, 

Berkshire, 

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Essex, . 

Essex, . 

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1909.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



cliii 



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1909. 



GOVERNOR AND STAFF. 



Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 
His Excellency EBEN SUMNER DRAPER, . 



of Hopedale. 



The Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM H. BRIGHAM, 



, of Hudson. 



Assistant Adjutant General (Rank of Colonel). 

WILLIAM CURTIS CAPELLE, of Boston. 

Aids-de-Camp (Rank of Major). 

IRA VAUGHN, of Salem. 

PHILIP S. SEARS, of Boston. 

TALBOT ALDRICH, of Boston. 

GUY MURCHIE, . of Boston. 



Aids-de-Camp (detailed from the Line). 
Capt. CHARLES H. ROLLINS (First Corps of Cadets), 

Capt JOHN NICHOLSON (Company F, Second Infantry), 

Capt. E. DWIGHT FULLERTON (Coast Artillery Corps), 

Capt. WILLIAM G. POND (Company M, Sixth Infantry), 

Capt. EDWARD L. LOGAN (Company A, Ninth Infantry), 

Capt. JOHN A. L. BLAKE (Troop B, First Squadron Cavalry), 



of Boston, 
of Pittsfield. 
of Boston, 
of Milford. 
of Boston, 
of Boston. 



Additional Member of the Staff. 
Maj. JOHN BIGELOW, U. S. Army (retired), . 



of Boston. 



CONTENTS. 



Report of The Adjutant General, . 
Report of The Inspector General, . 
Report of The Judge Advocate General, 
Report of The Quartermaster General, . 
Report of The Commissary General, 
Report of The Surgeon General, . 
Report of The Acting Paymaster General, 
Report of The Acting Chief of Ordnance, 
Report of The Chief of Engineers, 
Report of The Chief Signal Officer, 
Report of The Chief of Coast Artillery, . 
Report of The Chief of Naval Bureau, . 
Report of Board of Military Examiners, 
Report of The Service School, 
Reports 'of Commanding Officers, 



PAGE 

3-18 
19-38 

39 
40-49 
50-56 
57-73 
74-76 
77-83 

84 
85-86 
87-90 
91-97 

98 

99-103 

104-172 



Appendix: — 
Officers, M. V. M., retired, . 
Register, M. V. M., 
Roster, M. V. M., 
Casualties (Officers), M. V. M., 
Commissions Vacant, . 
Casualties (Enlisted Men), M. V. M., 
Table No. 1, Enrolled Militia, 
Table No. 2, Organization, National Guard, 

Organization, Naval Militia, 
Table No. 3, Organization, M. V. M., . 
Table No. 4, Locations of Headquarters and Armories, 
Governor and Staff, 1909, 



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